Abstract

Lasing on the D1 transition (6P1226S122) of Cs has been observed by photoassociating Cs–Kr atomic pairs with a tunable, pulsed dye laser. Pumping of the blue or red satellites of the Cs D2 line (6P3226S122), peaking at 841.1nm and 853nm (respectively) in CsKrC2H6 gas mixtures, provides a photodissociation laser in which the CsKr excimer parent molecule is not, at any point in the pumping process, in a bound electronic state. Relative to the absorbed pump pulse energy, laser slope efficiencies 5% have been measured when the Cs number density is in the range of 5×10141.5×1015cm3 and the pump wavelength is 841.1nm. Direct photoexcitation of the Cs 6P322 state at 852.1nm under these conditions is a less efficient pathway for pumping the 894.3nm laser, presumably as a result of competing nonlinear optical processes such as 1+2 resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionization of the alkali atom.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2009 (1)

J. D. Readle, C. J. Wagner, J. T. Verdeyen, T. M. Spinka, D. L. Carroll, and J. G. Eden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 251112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

J. D. Readle, C. J. Wagner, J. T. Verdeyen, D. L. Carroll, and J. G. Eden, Electron. Lett. 44, 1466 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. V. Zhdanov, J. Sell, and R. J. Knize, Electron. Lett. 44, 582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

B. V. Zhdanov, T. Ehrenreich, and R. J. Knize, Opt. Commun. 260, 696 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

1974 (1)

J. Pascale and J. Vandeplanque, J. Chem. Phys. 60, 2278 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

R. B. Miles and S. E. Harris, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 267 (1973).

1972 (1)

R. E. M. Hedges, D. L. Drummond, and A. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. A 6, 1519 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

J. F. Young, G. C. Bjorklund, A. H. Kung, R. B. Miles, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1551 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

J. V. V. Kasper and G. C. Pimentel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 231 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R. J.

Bjorklund, G. C.

J. F. Young, G. C. Bjorklund, A. H. Kung, R. B. Miles, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1551 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Carroll, D. L.

J. D. Readle, C. J. Wagner, J. T. Verdeyen, T. M. Spinka, D. L. Carroll, and J. G. Eden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 251112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Readle, C. J. Wagner, J. T. Verdeyen, D. L. Carroll, and J. G. Eden, Electron. Lett. 44, 1466 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Drummond, D. L.

R. E. M. Hedges, D. L. Drummond, and A. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. A 6, 1519 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Dubinskii, M. A.

Eden, J. G.

J. D. Readle, C. J. Wagner, J. T. Verdeyen, T. M. Spinka, D. L. Carroll, and J. G. Eden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 251112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Readle, C. J. Wagner, J. T. Verdeyen, D. L. Carroll, and J. G. Eden, Electron. Lett. 44, 1466 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ehrenreich, T.

B. V. Zhdanov, T. Ehrenreich, and R. J. Knize, Opt. Commun. 260, 696 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gallagher, A.

R. E. M. Hedges, D. L. Drummond, and A. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. A 6, 1519 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

R. B. Miles and S. E. Harris, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 267 (1973).

J. F. Young, G. C. Bjorklund, A. H. Kung, R. B. Miles, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1551 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Hedges, R. E. M.

R. E. M. Hedges, D. L. Drummond, and A. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. A 6, 1519 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kanz, V. K.

Kasper, J. V. V.

J. V. V. Kasper and G. C. Pimentel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 231 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Knize, R. J.

B. V. Zhdanov, J. Sell, and R. J. Knize, Electron. Lett. 44, 582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. V. Zhdanov, T. Ehrenreich, and R. J. Knize, Opt. Commun. 260, 696 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, B.

J. Zweiback and B. Krupke, presented at the LASE 2009 Conference (SPIE, 2009), paper 71960E.

Krupke, W. F.

Kung, A. H.

J. F. Young, G. C. Bjorklund, A. H. Kung, R. B. Miles, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1551 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Merkle, L. D.

Miles, R. B.

R. B. Miles and S. E. Harris, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 267 (1973).

J. F. Young, G. C. Bjorklund, A. H. Kung, R. B. Miles, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1551 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Pascale, J.

J. Pascale and J. Vandeplanque, J. Chem. Phys. 60, 2278 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

Pimentel, G. C.

J. V. V. Kasper and G. C. Pimentel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 231 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Readle, J. D.

J. D. Readle, C. J. Wagner, J. T. Verdeyen, T. M. Spinka, D. L. Carroll, and J. G. Eden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 251112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Readle, C. J. Wagner, J. T. Verdeyen, D. L. Carroll, and J. G. Eden, Electron. Lett. 44, 1466 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sell, J.

B. V. Zhdanov, J. Sell, and R. J. Knize, Electron. Lett. 44, 582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Spinka, T. M.

J. D. Readle, C. J. Wagner, J. T. Verdeyen, T. M. Spinka, D. L. Carroll, and J. G. Eden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 251112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vandeplanque, J.

J. Pascale and J. Vandeplanque, J. Chem. Phys. 60, 2278 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Verdeyen, J. T.

J. D. Readle, C. J. Wagner, J. T. Verdeyen, T. M. Spinka, D. L. Carroll, and J. G. Eden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 251112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Readle, C. J. Wagner, J. T. Verdeyen, D. L. Carroll, and J. G. Eden, Electron. Lett. 44, 1466 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, C. J.

J. D. Readle, C. J. Wagner, J. T. Verdeyen, T. M. Spinka, D. L. Carroll, and J. G. Eden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 251112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Readle, C. J. Wagner, J. T. Verdeyen, D. L. Carroll, and J. G. Eden, Electron. Lett. 44, 1466 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Young, J. F.

J. F. Young, G. C. Bjorklund, A. H. Kung, R. B. Miles, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1551 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Zhdanov, B. V.

B. V. Zhdanov, J. Sell, and R. J. Knize, Electron. Lett. 44, 582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. V. Zhdanov, T. Ehrenreich, and R. J. Knize, Opt. Commun. 260, 696 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zweiback, J.

J. Zweiback and B. Krupke, presented at the LASE 2009 Conference (SPIE, 2009), paper 71960E.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. V. V. Kasper and G. C. Pimentel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 231 (1964).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Readle, C. J. Wagner, J. T. Verdeyen, T. M. Spinka, D. L. Carroll, and J. G. Eden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 251112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. D. Readle, C. J. Wagner, J. T. Verdeyen, D. L. Carroll, and J. G. Eden, Electron. Lett. 44, 1466 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. V. Zhdanov, J. Sell, and R. J. Knize, Electron. Lett. 44, 582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. B. Miles and S. E. Harris, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 267 (1973).

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. Pascale and J. Vandeplanque, J. Chem. Phys. 60, 2278 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

B. V. Zhdanov, T. Ehrenreich, and R. J. Knize, Opt. Commun. 260, 696 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. E. M. Hedges, D. L. Drummond, and A. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. A 6, 1519 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. F. Young, G. C. Bjorklund, A. H. Kung, R. B. Miles, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1551 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. Zweiback and B. Krupke, presented at the LASE 2009 Conference (SPIE, 2009), paper 71960E.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

B Σ 1 2 + 2 X Σ 1 2 + 2 difference potentials [ V D ( R ) ] for the CsAr and CsKr excimers, calculated from the theoretical potentials reported by Pascale and Vandeplanque [5]. For convenience, V D ( R ) displayed by the ordinate has been converted to wavelength.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Excitation spectra recorded by measuring the 894.3 nm laser intensity as the dye laser pump wavelength ( λ p ) was scanned over the 835 855 nm spectral region. Data are presented for cell temperatures of 374 K , 443 K , and 468 K , which correspond to [ Cs ] = 1.6 × 10 13 cm 3 , 5.4 × 10 14 cm 3 , and 1.5 × 10 15 cm 3 , respectively. Note that the λ p < 847 nm portion of the spectra has, for clarity, been magnified by a factor of 10.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Variation of the 894.3 nm laser pulse energy ( E o ) with the absorbed pump energy ( E a ) for dye laser excitation wavelengths of 841.1 nm (◼) and 852.1 nm (○). All data were recorded at a temperature of 458 ± 2 K , which corresponds to [ Cs ] = ( 1.0 ± 0.1 ) × 10 15 cm 3 .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the Cs laser pulse energy ( E o ) on the absorbed pump laser energy ( E a ) . For these measurements, the pump wavelength ( λ p ) was fixed at 841.1 nm , and data are presented for [ Cs ] = 5.6 × 10 14 cm 3 ( 444 K ) , 1.0 × 10 15 cm 3 ( 458 K ) , and 1.5 × 10 15 cm 3 ( 468 K ) .

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