Abstract

We report self-starting passively mode-locked fiber lasers with a saturable absorber mirror using a piece of 30-cm-long newly developed highly thulium (Tm)-doped silicate glass fibers. The mode-locked pulses operate at 1980 nm with duration of 1.5 ps and energy of 0.76 nJ. This newly developed Tm-doped silicate fiber exhibits a slope efficiency of 68.3%, an amplified spontaneous emission spectrum bandwidth (FWHM) of 92 nm, and a gain per unit length of greater than 2 dB/cm. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first demonstration of mode-locked 2μm fiber laser using shorter than 1-m-long active fiber, which paves the way for the demonstration of mode-locked fiber laser at 2μm with gigahertz fundamental repetition rate.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009 (3)

2008 (2)

2007 (3)

J. Wu, Z. Yao, J. Zong, and S. Jiang, Opt. Lett. 32, 638 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Kivisto, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes and J. E. Townsend, Electron. Lett. 26, 746 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1222 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Amzajerdian, F.

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes and J. E. Townsend, Electron. Lett. 26, 746 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Book, L. D.

Chernov, A. I.

Dianov, E. M.

Elliot, J.

Engelbrecht, M.

Geng, J.

Goodno, G. D.

Guina, M.

S. Kivisto, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hakulinen, T.

S. Kivisto, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1222 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Haxsen, F.

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jauncey, I. M.

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1222 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

Kieu, K.

K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kivisto, S.

S. Kivisto, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Konov, V. I.

Kracht, D.

Lancaster, D. G.

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lobach, A. S.

Luo, T.

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Obraztsova, E. D.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

S. Kivisto, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pan, N.

Percival, R. M.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1222 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Perry, I. R.

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1222 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Rothenberg, J. E.

Ruehl, A.

Sabella, A.

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sharp, R. C.

Smart, R. G.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1222 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Solodyankin, M. A.

Spock, D. E.

Suni, P. J.

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1222 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tausenev, A. V.

Townsend, J. E.

W. L. Barnes and J. E. Townsend, Electron. Lett. 26, 746 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1222 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1222 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wandt, D.

Wang, Q.

Wise, F. W.

K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

Yao, Z.

Zong, J.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 24, 1222 (1988).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes and J. E. Townsend, Electron. Lett. 26, 746 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

S. Kivisto, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Laser output power versus the absorbed pump power of the 20-cm-long Tm-doped silicate fiber (with a core diameter of 18 μ m ) laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

ASE spectrum of Tm-doped silicate glass fiber. Inset, microscope image of the fiber cross section.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of mode-locked Tm-doped silicate fiber laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Laser spectrum of mode-locked Tm-doped silicate fiber laser. Inset, pulse train of the mode-locked laser.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Intensity autocorrelation of mode-locked Tm-doped silicate fiber laser at 10 mW output.

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