Abstract

Continuous-wave laser action of a Tm-doped GdLiF4 (GLF) crystal pumped by a laser diode is reported at room temperature. A comparative analysis of laser performance using GLF crystals with doping concentrations of 8 at. % and 12 at. % of Tm3+ has been carried out. A maximum output power of 1.47 W with 57% slope efficiency and a wide tunability range from 1826 to 2054 nm have been obtained at 8% Tm doping level.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, Opt. Lett. 15, 486 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilò, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 78 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Schellhorn, Appl. Phys. B 91, 71 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Xiaoming, B. Yao, Y. Zhang, C. Song, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 591 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, Opt. Lett. 32, 2040 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B 85, 553 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 442 (1974).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

F. Cornacchia, A. Di Lieto, and M. Tonelli, Appl. Phys. B 96, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilò, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, Opt. Commun. 236, 395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 78 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1982 (1)

B. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 442 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Aguilo, M.

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Aguilò, M.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilò, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Aull, B.

B. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, N. P.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Braud, A.

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, Opt. Commun. 236, 395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Camy, P.

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, Opt. Commun. 236, 395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Coluccelli, N.

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, Opt. Lett. 32, 2040 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cornacchia, F.

F. Cornacchia, A. Di Lieto, and M. Tonelli, Appl. Phys. B 96, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, Opt. Lett. 32, 2040 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Di Lieto, A.

F. Cornacchia, A. Di Lieto, and M. Tonelli, Appl. Phys. B 96, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Diaz, F.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilò, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dicks, B. M.

A. Diening, B. M. Dicks, T. Jensen, F. Heine, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, in Proceedings of CLEO Conference (1997), p. 75.

Diening, A.

A. Diening, B. M. Dicks, T. Jensen, F. Heine, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, in Proceedings of CLEO Conference (1997), p. 75.

Doualan, J. L.

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, Opt. Commun. 236, 395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Esterowitz, L.

R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 78 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, Opt. Lett. 15, 486 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galan, M.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilò, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Galzerano, G.

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, Opt. Lett. 32, 2040 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gatti, D.

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gavalda, J.

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilò, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guell, F.

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guggenheim, H. J.

L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 442 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Heine, F.

A. Diening, B. M. Dicks, T. Jensen, F. Heine, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, in Proceedings of CLEO Conference (1997), p. 75.

Heumann, E.

A. Diening, B. M. Dicks, T. Jensen, F. Heine, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, in Proceedings of CLEO Conference (1997), p. 75.

Huber, G.

A. Diening, B. M. Dicks, T. Jensen, F. Heine, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, in Proceedings of CLEO Conference (1997), p. 75.

Jensen, T.

A. Diening, B. M. Dicks, T. Jensen, F. Heine, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, in Proceedings of CLEO Conference (1997), p. 75.

Jenssen, H. P.

B. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, L. F.

L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 442 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ju, Y.

Laporta, P.

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, Opt. Lett. 32, 2040 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilò, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Massons, J.

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mateos, X.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilò, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Menard, V.

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, Opt. Commun. 236, 395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moncorge, R.

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, Opt. Commun. 236, 395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Parisi, D.

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, Opt. Lett. 32, 2040 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Petros, M.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilò, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pujol, M. C.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilò, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Renard, S.

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, Opt. Commun. 236, 395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schellhorn, M.

M. Schellhorn, Appl. Phys. B 91, 71 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Singh, U. N.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sole, R. M.

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Song, C.

Stoneman, R. C.

R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 78 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, Opt. Lett. 15, 486 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toncelli, A.

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

F. Cornacchia, A. Di Lieto, and M. Tonelli, Appl. Phys. B 96, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, Opt. Lett. 32, 2040 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Viera, G.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilò, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Walsh, B. M.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Xiaoming, D.

Yao, B.

Yu, J.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

M. Schellhorn, Appl. Phys. B 91, 71 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Cornacchia, A. Di Lieto, and M. Tonelli, Appl. Phys. B 96, 363 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 442 (1974).
[CrossRef]

B. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925 (1982).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilò, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 78 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, Opt. Commun. 236, 395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

A. Diening, B. M. Dicks, T. Jensen, F. Heine, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, in Proceedings of CLEO Conference (1997), p. 75.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Absorption coefficient and (b) emission cross section of the 8% Tm:GLF crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scheme of the Tm:GLF laser cavity and pump system.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power versus incident pump power of the (a) 8% and (b) 12% Tm:GLF lasers with output couplings of 1% (squares), 3% (triangles), and 5% (circles).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Tunability curves of the Tm(8%):GLF laser with output couplings of 1% (triangles) and 5% (circles).

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