Abstract

A cascadable all-optical binary counter is demonstrated by using optical flip flops and logic gates based on semiconductor optical amplifiers. Two-bit counting operation as well as optical-frequency division at two different frequencies is presented. The proposed scheme is tunable in the entire C-band and can work at different counting rates without any reconfiguration. Performance evaluations in terms of Q factor confirm the effectiveness of the scheme in cascadable configurations. Counting-speed limitation is investigated, and photonic integration is identified as a feasible solution to increase the functioning rate beyond gigahertz.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (2)

T. Changyong, W. Chongqing, L. Zhengyong, and G. Ning, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 578 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Malacarne, W. Jing, Z. Yuancheng, A. D. Barman, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 808 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. Bogoni, L. Poti, R. Proietti, G. Meloni, F. Ponzini, and P. Ghelfi, Electron. Lett. 41, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

1991 (2)

Barman, A. D.

A. Malacarne, W. Jing, Z. Yuancheng, A. D. Barman, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 808 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Benner, A. F.

Berrettini, G.

A. Malacarne, W. Jing, Z. Yuancheng, A. D. Barman, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 808 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

Bogoni, A.

A. Malacarne, W. Jing, Z. Yuancheng, A. D. Barman, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 808 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Bogoni, L. Poti, R. Proietti, G. Meloni, F. Ponzini, and P. Ghelfi, Electron. Lett. 41, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Bogoni, X. Wu, I. Fazal, and A. Willner, in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2008), pp. 1-2.
[CrossRef]

Bowman, J.

Calabretta, N.

Changyong, T.

T. Changyong, W. Chongqing, L. Zhengyong, and G. Ning, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 578 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chongqing, W.

T. Changyong, W. Chongqing, L. Zhengyong, and G. Ning, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 578 (2008).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

Dorren, H. J. S.

Dorren, J. S.

S. Zhang, Z. Li, Y. Liu, R. Geldenhuys, H. Ju, D. Lenstra, G. D. Khoe, and J. S. Dorren, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005), Vol. 232, pp. 233-234.

Erkkila, T.

Fazal, I.

A. Bogoni, X. Wu, I. Fazal, and A. Willner, in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2008), pp. 1-2.
[CrossRef]

Feuerstein, R. J.

Geldenhuys, R.

S. Zhang, Z. Li, Y. Liu, R. Geldenhuys, H. Ju, D. Lenstra, G. D. Khoe, and J. S. Dorren, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005), Vol. 232, pp. 233-234.

Ghelfi, P.

A. Bogoni, L. Poti, R. Proietti, G. Meloni, F. Ponzini, and P. Ghelfi, Electron. Lett. 41, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Heuring, V. P.

Hill, M. T.

Huijskens, F. M.

Jing, W.

A. Malacarne, W. Jing, Z. Yuancheng, A. D. Barman, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 808 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jordan, H. F.

Ju, H.

S. Zhang, Z. Li, Y. Liu, R. Geldenhuys, H. Ju, D. Lenstra, G. D. Khoe, and J. S. Dorren, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005), Vol. 232, pp. 233-234.

Kelly, A. E.

Khoe, G. D.

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, Z. Li, Y. Liu, R. Geldenhuys, H. Ju, D. Lenstra, G. D. Khoe, and J. S. Dorren, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005), Vol. 232, pp. 233-234.

Lenstra, D.

S. Zhang, Z. Li, Y. Liu, R. Geldenhuys, H. Ju, D. Lenstra, G. D. Khoe, and J. S. Dorren, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005), Vol. 232, pp. 233-234.

Li, Z.

S. Zhang, Z. Li, Y. Liu, R. Geldenhuys, H. Ju, D. Lenstra, G. D. Khoe, and J. S. Dorren, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005), Vol. 232, pp. 233-234.

Liu, Y.

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, Z. Li, Y. Liu, R. Geldenhuys, H. Ju, D. Lenstra, G. D. Khoe, and J. S. Dorren, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005), Vol. 232, pp. 233-234.

Malacarne, A.

A. Malacarne, W. Jing, Z. Yuancheng, A. D. Barman, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 808 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Manning, R. J.

Meloni, G.

A. Bogoni, L. Poti, R. Proietti, G. Meloni, F. Ponzini, and P. Ghelfi, Electron. Lett. 41, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ning, G.

T. Changyong, W. Chongqing, L. Zhengyong, and G. Ning, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 578 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ponzini, F.

A. Bogoni, L. Poti, R. Proietti, G. Meloni, F. Ponzini, and P. Ghelfi, Electron. Lett. 41, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poti, L.

A. Malacarne, W. Jing, Z. Yuancheng, A. D. Barman, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 808 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Bogoni, L. Poti, R. Proietti, G. Meloni, F. Ponzini, and P. Ghelfi, Electron. Lett. 41, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poustie, A.

Proietti, R.

A. Bogoni, L. Poti, R. Proietti, G. Meloni, F. Ponzini, and P. Ghelfi, Electron. Lett. 41, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sauer, J.

Simi, A.

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Soukup, T.

Srivatsa, A.

Willner, A.

A. Bogoni, X. Wu, I. Fazal, and A. Willner, in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2008), pp. 1-2.
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

A. Bogoni, X. Wu, I. Fazal, and A. Willner, in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2008), pp. 1-2.
[CrossRef]

Yuancheng, Z.

A. Malacarne, W. Jing, Z. Yuancheng, A. D. Barman, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 808 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, Z. Li, Y. Liu, R. Geldenhuys, H. Ju, D. Lenstra, G. D. Khoe, and J. S. Dorren, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005), Vol. 232, pp. 233-234.

Zhengyong, L.

T. Changyong, W. Chongqing, L. Zhengyong, and G. Ning, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 578 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Bogoni, L. Poti, R. Proietti, G. Meloni, F. Ponzini, and P. Ghelfi, Electron. Lett. 41, 435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Malacarne, W. Jing, Z. Yuancheng, A. D. Barman, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 808 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

T. Changyong, W. Chongqing, L. Zhengyong, and G. Ning, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 578 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

A. Bogoni, X. Wu, I. Fazal, and A. Willner, in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2008), pp. 1-2.
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, Z. Li, Y. Liu, R. Geldenhuys, H. Ju, D. Lenstra, G. D. Khoe, and J. S. Dorren, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005), Vol. 232, pp. 233-234.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Binary counter, (b) counter working principle.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Optical flip-flop, (b) optical AND logic gate.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Counting operations at (a) 80 kHz and (b) 120 kHz .

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