Abstract

We report the generation of the second to the sixth harmonics of a fundamental frequency covering two and a half octaves in a multiply-periodically poled lithium tantalate crystal by cascaded quasi-phase-matched frequency mixing. A frequency comb that is composed of these harmonics will permit the synthesis of a train of periodic subcycle subfemtosecond pulses in a compact setting.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

J. Sun and D. Reid, Opt. Lett. 34, 854 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. M. Hsieh, C. J. Lai, H. S. Chan, S. Y. Wu, C. K. Lee, W. J. Chen, C. L. Pan, F. G. Yee, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.-H. Lin and A. H. Kung, Opt. Express 17, 16342 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

L.-H. Peng, Y.-P. Tseng, K.-L. Lin, Z.-X. Huang, C.-T. Huang, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 092903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

Z. D. Gao, S. N. Zhu, S. Y. Tu, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 181101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2003

2002

2001

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

1998

A. Nazarkin and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. A 58, R61 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. A 55, R4019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Science 278, 843 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993

T. Mukai, R. Wynands, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 95, 71 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 80, 71 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Blau, P.

Bruner, A.

Chan, H. S.

Z. M. Hsieh, C. J. Lai, H. S. Chan, S. Y. Wu, C. K. Lee, W. J. Chen, C. L. Pan, F. G. Yee, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, W. J.

Z. M. Hsieh, C. J. Lai, H. S. Chan, S. Y. Wu, C. K. Lee, W. J. Chen, C. L. Pan, F. G. Yee, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, W. T.

C.-J. Lai, W. T. Chen, and A. H. Kung, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CThD2.

Eger, D.

Fejer, M. M.

Gao, Z. D.

Z. D. Gao, S. N. Zhu, S. Y. Tu, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 181101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shih-Yu Tu, A. H. Kung, Z. D. Gao, and S. N. Zhu, Opt. Lett. 30, 2451 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, H.

H. Han, Y. Zhao, Q. Zhang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMY3.

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Mukai, R. Wynands, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 95, 71 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 80, 71 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. A 55, R4019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, Z. M.

Z. M. Hsieh, C. J. Lai, H. S. Chan, S. Y. Wu, C. K. Lee, W. J. Chen, C. L. Pan, F. G. Yee, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, C. -T.

L.-H. Peng, Y.-P. Tseng, K.-L. Lin, Z.-X. Huang, C.-T. Huang, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 092903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Z. -X.

L.-H. Peng, Y.-P. Tseng, K.-L. Lin, Z.-X. Huang, C.-T. Huang, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 092903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katz, M.

Korn, G.

A. Nazarkin and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. A 58, R61 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kung, A. H.

Z. M. Hsieh, C. J. Lai, H. S. Chan, S. Y. Wu, C. K. Lee, W. J. Chen, C. L. Pan, F. G. Yee, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.-H. Lin and A. H. Kung, Opt. Express 17, 16342 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-H. Peng, Y.-P. Tseng, K.-L. Lin, Z.-X. Huang, C.-T. Huang, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 092903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. D. Gao, S. N. Zhu, S. Y. Tu, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 181101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shih-Yu Tu, A. H. Kung, Z. D. Gao, and S. N. Zhu, Opt. Lett. 30, 2451 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. S. Yu and A. H. Kung, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C.-J. Lai, W. T. Chen, and A. H. Kung, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CThD2.

Kurz, J. R.

Lai, C. J.

Z. M. Hsieh, C. J. Lai, H. S. Chan, S. Y. Wu, C. K. Lee, W. J. Chen, C. L. Pan, F. G. Yee, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lai, C. -J.

C.-J. Lai, W. T. Chen, and A. H. Kung, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CThD2.

Lee, C. K.

Z. M. Hsieh, C. J. Lai, H. S. Chan, S. Y. Wu, C. K. Lee, W. J. Chen, C. L. Pan, F. G. Yee, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, K. -L.

L.-H. Peng, Y.-P. Tseng, K.-L. Lin, Z.-X. Huang, C.-T. Huang, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 092903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, W. -H.

Ma, L. S.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meyn, J. -P.

Ming, N. B.

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Science 278, 843 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mlynek, J.

Mukai, T.

T. Mukai, R. Wynands, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 95, 71 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nazarkin, A.

A. Nazarkin and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. A 58, R61 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Oron, M. B.

Pan, C. L.

Z. M. Hsieh, C. J. Lai, H. S. Chan, S. Y. Wu, C. K. Lee, W. J. Chen, C. L. Pan, F. G. Yee, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parameswaran, K. P.

Peng, L. -H.

L.-H. Peng, Y.-P. Tseng, K.-L. Lin, Z.-X. Huang, C.-T. Huang, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 092903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peters, A.

Reid, D.

Roussev, R. V.

Ruschin, S.

Schiller, S.

Shelton, R. K.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley InterScience, 1984).

Sokolov, A. V.

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. A 55, R4019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Strössner, U.

Sun, J.

Teng, H.

H. Han, Y. Zhao, Q. Zhang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMY3.

Tseng, Y. -P.

L.-H. Peng, Y.-P. Tseng, K.-L. Lin, Z.-X. Huang, C.-T. Huang, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 092903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tu, S. Y.

Z. D. Gao, S. N. Zhu, S. Y. Tu, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 181101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tu, Shih-Yu

Wallenstein, R.

Wei, Z.

H. Han, Y. Zhao, Q. Zhang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMY3.

Wu, S. Y.

Z. M. Hsieh, C. J. Lai, H. S. Chan, S. Y. Wu, C. K. Lee, W. J. Chen, C. L. Pan, F. G. Yee, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wynands, R.

T. Mukai, R. Wynands, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 95, 71 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yee, F. G.

Z. M. Hsieh, C. J. Lai, H. S. Chan, S. Y. Wu, C. K. Lee, W. J. Chen, C. L. Pan, F. G. Yee, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, C. S.

Zhang, Q.

H. Han, Y. Zhao, Q. Zhang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMY3.

Zhao, Y.

H. Han, Y. Zhao, Q. Zhang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMY3.

Zhu, S. N.

Z. D. Gao, S. N. Zhu, S. Y. Tu, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 181101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shih-Yu Tu, A. H. Kung, Z. D. Gao, and S. N. Zhu, Opt. Lett. 30, 2451 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Science 278, 843 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. Y.

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Science 278, 843 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

L.-H. Peng, Y.-P. Tseng, K.-L. Lin, Z.-X. Huang, C.-T. Huang, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 092903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. D. Gao, S. N. Zhu, S. Y. Tu, and A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 181101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 80, 71 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Mukai, R. Wynands, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 95, 71 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. A 55, R4019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. A 58, R61 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

Z. M. Hsieh, C. J. Lai, H. S. Chan, S. Y. Wu, C. K. Lee, W. J. Chen, C. L. Pan, F. G. Yee, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

R. K. Shelton, L. S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Science 278, 843 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other

C.-J. Lai, W. T. Chen, and A. H. Kung, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CThD2.

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley InterScience, 1984).

H. Han, Y. Zhao, Q. Zhang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMY3.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of cascaded multiple harmonics generation in a single ferroelectric crystal. 2406 nm is used as a sample input wavelength. The four left to right segments have different QPM periods.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Micrographs of poled domains in + z etched PPLT crystal, showing domains in the vicinity of the transition boundaries from one period to another. The corresponding periods are as shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured average output power of the fifth harmonic as a function of the input wavelength and the corresponding QPM temperature.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Average power of the generated harmonics measured as a function of the crystal temperature. Asymmetry of the curves for the second to fourth harmonic is evidence of depletion at the respective stage of generation. The inset shows nearly equal power distribution of the generated harmonics and the residual power of the fundamental after passage through the crystal at 123 ° C and 126 ° C .

Equations (1)

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ω q = q ω m ,     ϕ q = ϕ 0 + q ϕ m ,

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