High-resolution optical systems require a very accurate control of the optical paths. For the measurement of aberrations on extended objects, several iterative phase-diversity algorithms have been developed, based on aberration estimation from focal-plane intensity measurements. Here we present an analytical estimator in the case of small aberrations. Under this assumption, a quadratic criterion is derived that allows us to express the solution (phase and object) under a simple analytical form. We also compare the performance of our algorithm with the iterative phase diversity, demonstrating that the analytic estimator is appropriate for closed-loop operation.
© 2009 Optical Society of America
Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.