Abstract

We report on the use of 800nm, 250kHz femtosecond laser pulses to precipitate Er3+-doped CaF2 crystals inside oxyfluoride glass, which was confirmed with x-ray diffraction analysis. Confocal upconversion luminescence spectra show that the precipitated crystals have greatly enhanced upconversion luminescence intensity in comparison with unmodified glass. We demonstrate the possibility of three-dimensional optical data storage in the glass by the use of the confocal upconversion luminescence imaging.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009

2008

M. Sakakura, M. Shimizu, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 231112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Canioni, M. Bellec, A. Royon, B. Bousquet, and T. Cardinal, Opt. Lett. 33, 360 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181109 (2006).

S. Juokazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

X. Qiao, X. Fan, J. Wang, and M. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 357 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, S. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

1999

1998

M. Takahashi, M. Izuki, R. Kanno, and Y. Kawamoto, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3920 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

Bellec, M.

Benino, Y.

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181109 (2006).

Bousquet, B.

Callan, J. P.

Canioni, L.

Cardinal, T.

Dai, Y.

Day, D.

Fan, X.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, J. Wang, and M. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 357 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Finlay, R. J.

Fujiwara, S.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, S. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, T.

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181109 (2006).

Gamaly, E. G.

S. Juokazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Glezer, E. N.

Gu, M.

Her, T. H.

Hirao, K.

Y. Liu, M. Shimizu, B. Zhu, Y. Dai, B. Qian, Y. Shimotsuma, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 34, 136 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sakakura, M. Shimizu, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 231112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, S. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 25, 408 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Honma, T.

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181109 (2006).

Hung, L.

Izuki, M.

M. Takahashi, M. Izuki, R. Kanno, and Y. Kawamoto, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3920 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Juokazis, S.

S. Juokazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A.

A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals: Their Physics and Properties (Springer-Verlag, 1981).

Kanno, R.

M. Takahashi, M. Izuki, R. Kanno, and Y. Kawamoto, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3920 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kawamoto, Y.

M. Takahashi, M. Izuki, R. Kanno, and Y. Kawamoto, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3920 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kitamura, K.

S. Juokazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, T.

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181109 (2006).

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, M. Shimizu, B. Zhu, Y. Dai, B. Qian, Y. Shimotsuma, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 34, 136 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Juokazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Louchev, O. A.

S. Juokazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

Milosavljevic, M.

Misawa, H.

S. Juokazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mitsuyu, T.

Miura, K.

Y. Liu, M. Shimizu, B. Zhu, Y. Dai, B. Qian, Y. Shimotsuma, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 34, 136 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sakakura, M. Shimizu, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 231112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, S. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 25, 408 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mizeikis, V.

S. Juokazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qian, B.

Qiao, X.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, J. Wang, and M. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 357 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Royon, A.

Sakaguchi, S.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, S. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sakakura, M.

M. Sakakura, M. Shimizu, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 231112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, M.

Y. Liu, M. Shimizu, B. Zhu, Y. Dai, B. Qian, Y. Shimotsuma, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 34, 136 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sakakura, M. Shimizu, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 231112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shimotsuma, Y.

Y. Liu, M. Shimizu, B. Zhu, Y. Dai, B. Qian, Y. Shimotsuma, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 34, 136 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sakakura, M. Shimizu, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 231112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smallridge, A.

Sudzius, M.

S. Juokazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, M.

M. Takahashi, M. Izuki, R. Kanno, and Y. Kawamoto, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3920 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, J. Wang, and M. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 357 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, J. Wang, and M. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 357 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, B.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181109 (2006).

S. Juokazis, M. Sudzius, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, Y. Liu, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 062903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, S. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Sakakura, M. Shimizu, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 231112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

M. Takahashi, M. Izuki, R. Kanno, and Y. Kawamoto, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 3920 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

X. Qiao, X. Fan, J. Wang, and M. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 357 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals: Their Physics and Properties (Springer-Verlag, 1981).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Optical microscopic image of the microstructures at a depth of 100 μ m beneath the glass surface induced with static exposure of femtosecond laser pulses for various times. (b) Optical microscopic image of laser-modified lines produced with a scanning speed of 10 μ m s and single pulse energy of 1 μ J inside the glass. (c) XRD patterns for laser modified line array (curve 1) shown in (b) and for the virgin glass (curve 2). Scale bar, 50 μ m .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Confocal upconversion luminescence spectra obtained for unmodified glass and from a focal region modified with different static exposure times. (b) Confocal upconversion luminescence spectra from different positions in a microstructure produced with 10 s exposure. The laser pulse energy used is 1 μ J . The spectra were obtained with 785 nm diode laser excitation. Scale bar, 10 μ m .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical microscopic image of an arrow-shaped pattern written with femtosecond laser. (b), (c) Readout of the pattern by upconversion luminescence imaging with (b) 10 mW and (c) 50 mW 800 nm femtosecond laser excitation. (d) Intensity distribution of the upconversion emission for the pattern in (c). (e) Upconversion luminescence imaging of microstructures produced with different irradiation times with 980 nm femtosecond laser excitation. (g) Axial profile of the luminescence signal along the dotted line marked in (e). Scale bar, 20 μ m .

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