Abstract

Tunable dual-frequency oscillation is demonstrated in a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser. Simultaneous and robust oscillation of the two orthogonally polarized eigenstates is achieved by reducing their overlap in the optical active medium. The class-A dynamics of this laser, free of relaxation oscillations, enables one to suppress the electrical phase noise in excess that is usually observed in the vicinity of the beat note.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Darcie, A. Stohr, and P. K. L. Yu, eds., J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2336 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Tonda Goldstein, A. Monsterlet, D. Dolfi, S. Formont, J. Chazelas, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 847 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. C. Scott, D. V. Plant, and H. R. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. A. Johansson and A. J. Seeds, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 690 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Alouini, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, M. Vallet, and A. Le Floch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1554 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CtuL5.
  8. C. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, M. Krakowski, and D. Dolfi, Electron. Lett. 40, 942 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Opt. Lett. 22, 384 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Baili, M. Alouini, D. Dolfi, F. Bretenaker, I. Sagnes, and A. Garnache, Opt. Lett. 32, 650 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. G. Baili, F. Bretenaker, M. Alouini, L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, and I. Sagnes, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 952 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Alouini, F. Bretenaker, M. Brunel, A. Le Floch, M. Vallet, and P. Tony, Opt. Lett. 25, 896 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. Langot, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, G. Ropars, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and K. D. Choquette, Opt. Commun. 148, 270 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. Van der Sande, M. Peeters, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, G. Verschaffelt, and S. Balle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 898 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Pajarola, G. Guekos, and J. Mork, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 157 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Wakana, M. Shirasaki, Y. Furukawa, and T. Inagaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1547 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Pillet, L. Morvan, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, J. P. Huignard, and A. Le Floch, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2764 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

G. Van der Sande, M. Peeters, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, G. Verschaffelt, and S. Balle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 898 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Tonda Goldstein, A. Monsterlet, D. Dolfi, S. Formont, J. Chazelas, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

C. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, M. Krakowski, and D. Dolfi, Electron. Lett. 40, 942 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

1998 (2)

P. Langot, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, G. Ropars, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and K. D. Choquette, Opt. Commun. 148, 270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, M. Vallet, and A. Le Floch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1554 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

S. Pajarola, G. Guekos, and J. Mork, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 157 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

D. C. Scott, D. V. Plant, and H. R. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

S. Wakana, M. Shirasaki, Y. Furukawa, and T. Inagaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1547 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Alouini, M.

G. Baili, F. Bretenaker, M. Alouini, L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, and I. Sagnes, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 952 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, M. Alouini, D. Dolfi, F. Bretenaker, I. Sagnes, and A. Garnache, Opt. Lett. 32, 650 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, M. Krakowski, and D. Dolfi, Electron. Lett. 40, 942 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, F. Bretenaker, M. Brunel, A. Le Floch, M. Vallet, and P. Tony, Opt. Lett. 25, 896 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, M. Vallet, and A. Le Floch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1554 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Arecchi, F. T.

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Baili, G.

Balle, S.

G. Van der Sande, M. Peeters, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, G. Verschaffelt, and S. Balle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 898 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Benazet, B.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Blanc, S.

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CtuL5.

Bretenaker, F.

G. Baili, F. Bretenaker, M. Alouini, L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, and I. Sagnes, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 952 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Pillet, L. Morvan, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, J. P. Huignard, and A. Le Floch, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, M. Alouini, D. Dolfi, F. Bretenaker, I. Sagnes, and A. Garnache, Opt. Lett. 32, 650 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, F. Bretenaker, M. Brunel, A. Le Floch, M. Vallet, and P. Tony, Opt. Lett. 25, 896 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Langot, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, G. Ropars, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and K. D. Choquette, Opt. Commun. 148, 270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, M. Vallet, and A. Le Floch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1554 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Opt. Lett. 22, 384 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CtuL5.

Brunel, M.

G. Pillet, L. Morvan, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, J. P. Huignard, and A. Le Floch, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, F. Bretenaker, M. Brunel, A. Le Floch, M. Vallet, and P. Tony, Opt. Lett. 25, 896 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Langot, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, G. Ropars, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and K. D. Choquette, Opt. Commun. 148, 270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, M. Vallet, and A. Le Floch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1554 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Opt. Lett. 22, 384 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CtuL5.

Chazelas, J.

S. Tonda Goldstein, A. Monsterlet, D. Dolfi, S. Formont, J. Chazelas, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Choquette, K. D.

P. Langot, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, G. Ropars, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and K. D. Choquette, Opt. Commun. 148, 270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Czarny, C.

C. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, M. Krakowski, and D. Dolfi, Electron. Lett. 40, 942 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Danckaert, J.

G. Van der Sande, M. Peeters, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, G. Verschaffelt, and S. Balle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 898 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Darcie, T.

T. Darcie, A. Stohr, and P. K. L. Yu, eds., J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2336 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Di Bin, P.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

G. Baili, F. Bretenaker, M. Alouini, L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, and I. Sagnes, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 952 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Pillet, L. Morvan, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, J. P. Huignard, and A. Le Floch, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, M. Alouini, D. Dolfi, F. Bretenaker, I. Sagnes, and A. Garnache, Opt. Lett. 32, 650 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tonda Goldstein, A. Monsterlet, D. Dolfi, S. Formont, J. Chazelas, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, M. Krakowski, and D. Dolfi, Electron. Lett. 40, 942 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CtuL5.

Fetterman, H. R.

D. C. Scott, D. V. Plant, and H. R. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Formont, S.

S. Tonda Goldstein, A. Monsterlet, D. Dolfi, S. Formont, J. Chazelas, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Furukawa, Y.

S. Wakana, M. Shirasaki, Y. Furukawa, and T. Inagaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1547 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Garnache, A.

Guekos, G.

S. Pajarola, G. Guekos, and J. Mork, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 157 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. P.

G. Pillet, L. Morvan, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, J. P. Huignard, and A. Le Floch, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Tonda Goldstein, A. Monsterlet, D. Dolfi, S. Formont, J. Chazelas, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J.-P.

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CtuL5.

Inagaki, T.

S. Wakana, M. Shirasaki, Y. Furukawa, and T. Inagaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1547 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, L. A.

L. A. Johansson and A. J. Seeds, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 690 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krakowski, M.

C. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, M. Krakowski, and D. Dolfi, Electron. Lett. 40, 942 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Langot, P.

P. Langot, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, G. Ropars, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and K. D. Choquette, Opt. Commun. 148, 270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Larat, C.

C. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, M. Krakowski, and D. Dolfi, Electron. Lett. 40, 942 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Le Floch, A.

G. Pillet, L. Morvan, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, J. P. Huignard, and A. Le Floch, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, F. Bretenaker, M. Brunel, A. Le Floch, M. Vallet, and P. Tony, Opt. Lett. 25, 896 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Langot, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, G. Ropars, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and K. D. Choquette, Opt. Commun. 148, 270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, M. Vallet, and A. Le Floch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1554 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, Opt. Lett. 22, 384 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CtuL5.

Lippi, G. L.

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Monsterlet, A.

S. Tonda Goldstein, A. Monsterlet, D. Dolfi, S. Formont, J. Chazelas, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mork, J.

S. Pajarola, G. Guekos, and J. Mork, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 157 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Morvan, L.

G. Pillet, L. Morvan, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, J. P. Huignard, and A. Le Floch, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, F. Bretenaker, M. Alouini, L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, and I. Sagnes, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 952 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CtuL5.

Pajarola, S.

S. Pajarola, G. Guekos, and J. Mork, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 157 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Peeters, M.

G. Van der Sande, M. Peeters, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, G. Verschaffelt, and S. Balle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 898 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pillet, G.

Plant, D. V.

D. C. Scott, D. V. Plant, and H. R. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Puccioni, G. P.

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ropars, G.

P. Langot, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, G. Ropars, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and K. D. Choquette, Opt. Commun. 148, 270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sagnes, I.

Scott, D. C.

D. C. Scott, D. V. Plant, and H. R. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Seeds, A. J.

L. A. Johansson and A. J. Seeds, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 690 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shirasaki, M.

S. Wakana, M. Shirasaki, Y. Furukawa, and T. Inagaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1547 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Stohr, A.

T. Darcie, A. Stohr, and P. K. L. Yu, eds., J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2336 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thony, P.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tonda Goldstein, S.

S. Tonda Goldstein, A. Monsterlet, D. Dolfi, S. Formont, J. Chazelas, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tony, P.

Tredicce, J. R.

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Vallet, M.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, F. Bretenaker, M. Brunel, A. Le Floch, M. Vallet, and P. Tony, Opt. Lett. 25, 896 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Langot, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, G. Ropars, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and K. D. Choquette, Opt. Commun. 148, 270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, M. Vallet, and A. Le Floch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1554 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CtuL5.

Van der Sande, G.

G. Van der Sande, M. Peeters, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, G. Verschaffelt, and S. Balle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 898 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Veretennicoff, I.

G. Van der Sande, M. Peeters, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, G. Verschaffelt, and S. Balle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 898 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Verschaffelt, G.

G. Van der Sande, M. Peeters, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, G. Verschaffelt, and S. Balle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 898 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wakana, S.

S. Wakana, M. Shirasaki, Y. Furukawa, and T. Inagaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1547 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yu, P. K. L.

T. Darcie, A. Stohr, and P. K. L. Yu, eds., J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2336 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. C. Scott, D. V. Plant, and H. R. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Wakana, M. Shirasaki, Y. Furukawa, and T. Inagaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1547 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, M. Krakowski, and D. Dolfi, Electron. Lett. 40, 942 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Van der Sande, M. Peeters, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, G. Verschaffelt, and S. Balle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 898 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

S. Pajarola, G. Guekos, and J. Mork, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 157 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Johansson and A. J. Seeds, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 690 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, M. Vallet, and A. Le Floch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1554 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

S. Tonda Goldstein, A. Monsterlet, D. Dolfi, S. Formont, J. Chazelas, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Commun. (2)

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
[CrossRef]

P. Langot, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, G. Ropars, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and K. D. Choquette, Opt. Commun. 148, 270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, S. Blanc, M. Brunel, M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, and A. Le Floch, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CtuL5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic representaion of the pump beam and the cross-polarized eigenstate beams on the gain chip plane. (b) Two-frequency two-polarization VECSEL experimental set up. C 1 , AR-coated 1 - mm -long Y V O 4 crystal cut at 45° of its optical axis; filter, uncoated 150 - μ m -thick solid etalon; C 2 , 3 - mm -thick uncoated Y V O 4 crystal; mirror, 50 mm curvature plane concave mirror with 99.5% transmission at 1 μ m .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Optical spectrum when the two cross-polarized eigenstates are equally transmitted. (b) Illustration of the beat-note frequency tunability. The intracavity birefringence is tuned using the thermo-optic effect in the crystal C 2 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Spectrogram of the beat note over a 0.5 s period. (b) Electrical spectrum of the beat note obtained from Fourier transform (resolution bandwidth, 4 kHz ) of the IF signal. Frequency scale is centered around the original beat note frequency, 7.99 GHz .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Phase-noise power spectral density of the beat note at 7.99 GHz . Two independent measurements with different frequency resolutions have been superimposed to approve of the measurement technique.

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