Abstract

Polarization images were obtained using a flexible optical fiber device. The endoscopic technique is based on the real-time compensation of the birefringence of the standard fiber by means of a miniaturized Faraday rotator. Based on a Jones formalism analysis, specific signal processing allows one to extract both the phase retardation and the degree of polarization of the light backscattered by a remote target.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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M. Anastasiadou, A. De Martino, D. Clément, F. Liège, B. Laude-Boulesteix, N. Quang, J. Dreyfuss, B. Huynh, A. Nazac, L. Schwartz, and H. Cohen, Phys. Status Solidi 5, 1423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

D. Chan, B. Schulz, K. Gloystein, H. H. Müller, M. Rübhausen, J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 014023 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

M. Davenne, C. Custody, P. Charneau, and P. M. Lledo, Chem. Senses 30, i115 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

S. L. Jacques, J. C. Ramella-Roman, and K. Lee, J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 329 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Anastasiadou, M.

M. Anastasiadou, A. De Martino, D. Clément, F. Liège, B. Laude-Boulesteix, N. Quang, J. Dreyfuss, B. Huynh, A. Nazac, L. Schwartz, and H. Cohen, Phys. Status Solidi 5, 1423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Andrejco, M. J.

Barretto, R. P. J.

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Charneau, P.

M. Davenne, C. Custody, P. Charneau, and P. M. Lledo, Chem. Senses 30, i115 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chenault, D. B.

Clément, D.

M. Anastasiadou, A. De Martino, D. Clément, F. Liège, B. Laude-Boulesteix, N. Quang, J. Dreyfuss, B. Huynh, A. Nazac, L. Schwartz, and H. Cohen, Phys. Status Solidi 5, 1423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cocker, E. D.

Cohen, H.

M. Anastasiadou, A. De Martino, D. Clément, F. Liège, B. Laude-Boulesteix, N. Quang, J. Dreyfuss, B. Huynh, A. Nazac, L. Schwartz, and H. Cohen, Phys. Status Solidi 5, 1423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Custody, C.

M. Davenne, C. Custody, P. Charneau, and P. M. Lledo, Chem. Senses 30, i115 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davenne, M.

M. Davenne, C. Custody, P. Charneau, and P. M. Lledo, Chem. Senses 30, i115 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Martino, A.

M. Anastasiadou, A. De Martino, D. Clément, F. Liège, B. Laude-Boulesteix, N. Quang, J. Dreyfuss, B. Huynh, A. Nazac, L. Schwartz, and H. Cohen, Phys. Status Solidi 5, 1423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dreyfuss, J.

M. Anastasiadou, A. De Martino, D. Clément, F. Liège, B. Laude-Boulesteix, N. Quang, J. Dreyfuss, B. Huynh, A. Nazac, L. Schwartz, and H. Cohen, Phys. Status Solidi 5, 1423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

Flusberg, B. A.

Gisin, N.

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gloystein, K.

D. Chan, B. Schulz, K. Gloystein, H. H. Müller, M. Rübhausen, J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 014023 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goldstein, D. L.

Hecht, E.

E. Hecht, Optics, 4th ed., (Addison-Wesley, 2003).

Herzog, T.

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huttner, B.

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huynh, B.

M. Anastasiadou, A. De Martino, D. Clément, F. Liège, B. Laude-Boulesteix, N. Quang, J. Dreyfuss, B. Huynh, A. Nazac, L. Schwartz, and H. Cohen, Phys. Status Solidi 5, 1423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jacques, S. L.

S. L. Jacques, J. C. Ramella-Roman, and K. Lee, J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 329 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ko, T. H.

Laude-Boulesteix, B.

M. Anastasiadou, A. De Martino, D. Clément, F. Liège, B. Laude-Boulesteix, N. Quang, J. Dreyfuss, B. Huynh, A. Nazac, L. Schwartz, and H. Cohen, Phys. Status Solidi 5, 1423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.

Lee, K.

S. L. Jacques, J. C. Ramella-Roman, and K. Lee, J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 329 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, X.

Liège, F.

M. Anastasiadou, A. De Martino, D. Clément, F. Liège, B. Laude-Boulesteix, N. Quang, J. Dreyfuss, B. Huynh, A. Nazac, L. Schwartz, and H. Cohen, Phys. Status Solidi 5, 1423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lledo, P. M.

M. Davenne, C. Custody, P. Charneau, and P. M. Lledo, Chem. Senses 30, i115 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

MacDonald, D. J.

Muller, A.

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Müller, H. H.

D. Chan, B. Schulz, K. Gloystein, H. H. Müller, M. Rübhausen, J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 014023 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Myaing, M. T.

Nazac, A.

M. Anastasiadou, A. De Martino, D. Clément, F. Liège, B. Laude-Boulesteix, N. Quang, J. Dreyfuss, B. Huynh, A. Nazac, L. Schwartz, and H. Cohen, Phys. Status Solidi 5, 1423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Piyawattanametha, W.

Quang, N.

M. Anastasiadou, A. De Martino, D. Clément, F. Liège, B. Laude-Boulesteix, N. Quang, J. Dreyfuss, B. Huynh, A. Nazac, L. Schwartz, and H. Cohen, Phys. Status Solidi 5, 1423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ra, H.

Ramella-Roman, J. C.

S. L. Jacques, J. C. Ramella-Roman, and K. Lee, J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 329 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rübhausen, M.

D. Chan, B. Schulz, K. Gloystein, H. H. Müller, M. Rübhausen, J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 014023 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schnitzer, M. J.

Schulz, B.

D. Chan, B. Schulz, K. Gloystein, H. H. Müller, M. Rübhausen, J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 014023 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwartz, L.

M. Anastasiadou, A. De Martino, D. Clément, F. Liège, B. Laude-Boulesteix, N. Quang, J. Dreyfuss, B. Huynh, A. Nazac, L. Schwartz, and H. Cohen, Phys. Status Solidi 5, 1423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, J. B.

Solgaard, O.

Stock, M. L.

Tittel, W.

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tyo, J. S.

Yang, L. M.

Zbinden, H.

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Senses (1)

M. Davenne, C. Custody, P. Charneau, and P. M. Lledo, Chem. Senses 30, i115 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (2)

S. L. Jacques, J. C. Ramella-Roman, and K. Lee, J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 329 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Chan, B. Schulz, K. Gloystein, H. H. Müller, M. Rübhausen, J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 014023 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

M. Anastasiadou, A. De Martino, D. Clément, F. Liège, B. Laude-Boulesteix, N. Quang, J. Dreyfuss, B. Huynh, A. Nazac, L. Schwartz, and H. Cohen, Phys. Status Solidi 5, 1423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. Hecht, Optics, 4th ed., (Addison-Wesley, 2003).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematics of the principle of the method.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup: PBS, polarization beam splitter; PIBS , polarization-insensitive beam splitter; PS , polarization scrambler.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Circles, maximum of K extracted from a set of 50 data measured when varying the polarization states at the input of the BSC, versus the phase delay θ chosen on the compensator; solid curve, sin 2 ( θ / 2 ) .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Sample of rat tail tendon: (a) intensity image given by a microscope; (b) polarization image recorded between crossed polarizers at 600 nm with the optical microscope; (c) polarization image obtained with the setup of Fig. 3 ( K max parameter). Region 1 is empty, regions 2 correspond to structured networks of collagen fibrils and region 3 mainly contains nonbirefringent ground substance of connective tissue.

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