Abstract

A full-duplex radio-over-fiber transport system based on a direct-detection scheme is proposed and demonstrated. In this approach, the rf power degradation induced by fiber dispersion can be avoided for downlink transmission within the base station zone and for uplink transmission, even as the optical carrier and two sidebands are transmitted. A data signal of 70Mbps10GHz transmitted over an 80km single-mode fiber transport for both downlink and uplink with a low bit error rate (<109) and high spurious-free dynamic range (>100dB/Hz23) values were achieved.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. H. Lu, H. L. Ma, and A. S. Patra, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1618 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Q. Chang, H. Fu, and Y. Su, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 181 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. H. Lu, W. S. Tsai, H. C. Peng, and Y. J. Ji, IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 649 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Yonenaga and N. Takachio, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 949 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Piehler, C. Y. Kuo, J. Kleefeld, and C. Gall, in 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'96) (IEEE, 1996), Vol. 3, pp. 217-220.
  6. M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2718 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Capmany, B. Ortega, A. Martinez, D. Pastor, M. Popov, and P. Y. Fonjallaz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 471 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, and G. Jacobsen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 784 (1985).
    [CrossRef]

2008

H. H. Lu, H. L. Ma, and A. S. Patra, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1618 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Chang, H. Fu, and Y. Su, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 181 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005

H. H. Lu, W. S. Tsai, H. C. Peng, and Y. J. Ji, IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 649 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2718 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, A. Martinez, D. Pastor, M. Popov, and P. Y. Fonjallaz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 471 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1993

K. Yonenaga and N. Takachio, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1985

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, and G. Jacobsen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 784 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Bakaul, M.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2718 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, A. Martinez, D. Pastor, M. Popov, and P. Y. Fonjallaz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 471 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Q.

Q. Chang, H. Fu, and Y. Su, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 181 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fonjallaz, P. Y.

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, A. Martinez, D. Pastor, M. Popov, and P. Y. Fonjallaz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 471 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fu, H.

Q. Chang, H. Fu, and Y. Su, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 181 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gall, C.

D. Piehler, C. Y. Kuo, J. Kleefeld, and C. Gall, in 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'96) (IEEE, 1996), Vol. 3, pp. 217-220.

Jacobsen, G.

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, and G. Jacobsen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 784 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ji, Y. J.

H. H. Lu, W. S. Tsai, H. C. Peng, and Y. J. Ji, IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 649 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kleefeld, J.

D. Piehler, C. Y. Kuo, J. Kleefeld, and C. Gall, in 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'96) (IEEE, 1996), Vol. 3, pp. 217-220.

Kuo, C. Y.

D. Piehler, C. Y. Kuo, J. Kleefeld, and C. Gall, in 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'96) (IEEE, 1996), Vol. 3, pp. 217-220.

Lim, C.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2718 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H. H.

H. H. Lu, H. L. Ma, and A. S. Patra, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1618 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Lu, W. S. Tsai, H. C. Peng, and Y. J. Ji, IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 649 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H. L.

H. H. Lu, H. L. Ma, and A. S. Patra, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1618 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, A.

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, A. Martinez, D. Pastor, M. Popov, and P. Y. Fonjallaz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 471 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mogensen, F.

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, and G. Jacobsen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 784 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nirmalathas, A.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2718 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Novak, D.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2718 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Olesen, H.

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, and G. Jacobsen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 784 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ortega, B.

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, A. Martinez, D. Pastor, M. Popov, and P. Y. Fonjallaz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 471 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pastor, D.

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, A. Martinez, D. Pastor, M. Popov, and P. Y. Fonjallaz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 471 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Patra, A. S.

H. H. Lu, H. L. Ma, and A. S. Patra, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1618 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peng, H. C.

H. H. Lu, W. S. Tsai, H. C. Peng, and Y. J. Ji, IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 649 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Piehler, D.

D. Piehler, C. Y. Kuo, J. Kleefeld, and C. Gall, in 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'96) (IEEE, 1996), Vol. 3, pp. 217-220.

Popov, M.

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, A. Martinez, D. Pastor, M. Popov, and P. Y. Fonjallaz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 471 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y.

Q. Chang, H. Fu, and Y. Su, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 181 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Takachio, N.

K. Yonenaga and N. Takachio, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, W. S.

H. H. Lu, W. S. Tsai, H. C. Peng, and Y. J. Ji, IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 649 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Waterhouse, R.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2718 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yonenaga, K.

K. Yonenaga and N. Takachio, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Lett.

H. H. Lu, W. S. Tsai, H. C. Peng, and Y. J. Ji, IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 649 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, and G. Jacobsen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 784 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2718 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, A. Martinez, D. Pastor, M. Popov, and P. Y. Fonjallaz, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 471 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Yonenaga and N. Takachio, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Lu, H. L. Ma, and A. S. Patra, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1618 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Chang, H. Fu, and Y. Su, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 181 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other

D. Piehler, C. Y. Kuo, J. Kleefeld, and C. Gall, in 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'96) (IEEE, 1996), Vol. 3, pp. 217-220.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic architecture of our proposed direct-detection full-duplex ROF transport systems.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of OADM and BS configuration.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical spectrum of directly modulated DFB LD3 (DSB format). (b) Optical spectrum of injection-locking DFB LD3 locked at λ 4 . (c) Optical signal with only one optical sideband (upper sideband, λ 4 ) for direct detection.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured downlink BER curves of 70 Mbps 10 GHz data channel. (b) Measured uplink BER curves of 70 Mbps 10 GHz data channel.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fundamental, IMD 3 , and IMD 5 powers (downlink: CS BS 2 ) against the rf power.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d A ( t ) d t = 1 2 g [ N ( t ) N th ] A ( t ) k A inj cos φ ( t ) ,
d φ ( t ) d t = α 2 g [ N ( t ) N th ] k A inj A ( t ) sin φ ( t ) 2 π Δ f ,
d N ( t ) d t = J γ N N ( t ) { γ p + g [ N ( t ) N th ] } A 2 ( t ) ,

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