Abstract

We study the interaction of two parallel-launched femtosecond filaments at their fundamental-wave and second-harmonic frequencies in air. Besides the Kerr effect within the pulse duration, the impulsive alignment of the diatomic molecules in the fundamental-wave filament leads to controllable and field-free achievable attraction, fusion, or repulsion of the second-harmonic filament. The molecular-alignment-assisted filament interaction is further confirmed by the fluorescence intensity variation and spectral modulation of the second-harmonic filament at various molecular alignment revivals.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. B 76, 609 (2003).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. B. Zhou, S. Akturk, B. Prade, Y. André, A. Houard, Y. Liu, M. Franco, C. D'Amico, E. Salmon, Z. Hao, N. Lascoux, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Express 17, 11450 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. A 79, 023827 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. C. Bernstein, M. McCormick, G. M. Dyer, J. C. Sanders, and T. Ditmire, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123902 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (6)

J. Wu, H. Cai, Y. Peng, and H. Zeng, Phys. Rev. A 79, 041404(R) (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Plasmas 16, 056702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. A 79, 023827 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Bernstein, M. McCormick, G. M. Dyer, J. C. Sanders, and T. Ditmire, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cai, J. Wu, A. Couairon, and H. Zeng, Opt. Lett. 34, 827 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhou, S. Akturk, B. Prade, Y. André, A. Houard, Y. Liu, M. Franco, C. D'Amico, E. Salmon, Z. Hao, N. Lascoux, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Express 17, 11450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (6)

J. Wu, H. Cai, H. Zeng, and A. Couairon, Opt. Lett. 33, 2593 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Théberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Lett. 33, 2731 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, X. Lu, T. Xi, Q. Gong, and J. Zhang, Appl. Phys. B 93, 463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 025003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, Nature 435, 470 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. B 76, 609 (2003).

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

R. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. Greene, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Akturk, S.

André, Y.

Baertschy, M.

R. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. Greene, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, R.

R. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. Greene, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Béjot, P.

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Benedetti, E.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bernstein, A. C.

A. C. Bernstein, M. McCormick, G. M. Dyer, J. C. Sanders, and T. Ditmire, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, H.

Calegari, F.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. A 79, 023827 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chateauneuf, M.

Chen, Y.

Chen, Y.-H.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Plasmas 16, 056702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chin, S. L.

Couairon, A.

H. Cai, J. Wu, A. Couairon, and H. Zeng, Opt. Lett. 34, 827 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wu, H. Cai, H. Zeng, and A. Couairon, Opt. Lett. 33, 2593 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D'Amico, C.

De Silvestri, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ditmire, T.

A. C. Bernstein, M. McCormick, G. M. Dyer, J. C. Sanders, and T. Ditmire, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dubois, J.

Dyer, G. M.

A. C. Bernstein, M. McCormick, G. M. Dyer, J. C. Sanders, and T. Ditmire, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faucher, O.

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Franco, M.

B. Zhou, S. Akturk, B. Prade, Y. André, A. Houard, Y. Liu, M. Franco, C. D'Amico, E. Salmon, Z. Hao, N. Lascoux, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Express 17, 11450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. B 76, 609 (2003).

J. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gasilov, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gong, Q.

Y. Ma, X. Lu, T. Xi, Q. Gong, and J. Zhang, Appl. Phys. B 93, 463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Greene, C.

R. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. Greene, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grillon, G.

J. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Guérin, S.

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, Z.

Houard, A.

Jauslin, H. R.

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanai, T.

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, Nature 435, 470 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H.

R. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. Greene, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kasparian, J.

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lamouroux, B.

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lange, R.

J. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lascoux, N.

Lavorel, B.

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

Lu, X.

Y. Ma, X. Lu, T. Xi, Q. Gong, and J. Zhang, Appl. Phys. B 93, 463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 025003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, Y.

Y. Ma, X. Lu, T. Xi, Q. Gong, and J. Zhang, Appl. Phys. B 93, 463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marceau, C.

McCormick, M.

A. C. Bernstein, M. McCormick, G. M. Dyer, J. C. Sanders, and T. Ditmire, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Méchain, G.

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. B 76, 609 (2003).

Milchberg, H. M.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Plasmas 16, 056702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minemoto, S.

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, Nature 435, 470 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M.

R. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. Greene, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

B. Zhou, S. Akturk, B. Prade, Y. André, A. Houard, Y. Liu, M. Franco, C. D'Amico, E. Salmon, Z. Hao, N. Lascoux, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Express 17, 11450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. B 76, 609 (2003).

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nibbering, E.

J. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pashayan, Y. T.

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Patalano, G.

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. B 76, 609 (2003).

Peng, Y.

J. Wu, H. Cai, Y. Peng, and H. Zeng, Phys. Rev. A 79, 041404(R) (2009).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B.

B. Zhou, S. Akturk, B. Prade, Y. André, A. Houard, Y. Liu, M. Franco, C. D'Amico, E. Salmon, Z. Hao, N. Lascoux, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Express 17, 11450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. B 76, 609 (2003).

J. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Renard, M.

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Renard, V.

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ripoche, J.

J. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, H.

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, Nature 435, 470 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salmon, E.

Sanders, J. C.

A. C. Bernstein, M. McCormick, G. M. Dyer, J. C. Sanders, and T. Ditmire, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. A 79, 023827 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Théberge, F.

Tzortzakis, S.

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. B 76, 609 (2003).

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Varma, S.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Plasmas 16, 056702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. A 79, 023827 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wagner, N.

R. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. Greene, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weinacht, T.

R. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. Greene, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J. P.

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

Xi, T.

Y. Ma, X. Lu, T. Xi, Q. Gong, and J. Zhang, Appl. Phys. B 93, 463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 025003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeng, H.

Zhang, J.

Y. Ma, X. Lu, T. Xi, Q. Gong, and J. Zhang, Appl. Phys. B 93, 463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 025003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, B.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. B 76, 609 (2003).

Y. Ma, X. Lu, T. Xi, Q. Gong, and J. Zhang, Appl. Phys. B 93, 463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, Nature 435, 470 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 225, 177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Plasmas (1)

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Plasmas 16, 056702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Wu, H. Cai, Y. Peng, and H. Zeng, Phys. Rev. A 79, 041404(R) (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. A 79, 023827 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

A. C. Bernstein, M. McCormick, G. M. Dyer, J. C. Sanders, and T. Ditmire, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Renard, M. Renard, S. Guérin, Y. T. Pashayan, B. Lavorel, O. Faucher, and H. R. Jauslin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 153601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bartels, T. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. Greene, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 025003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of our experimental setup (inset, the fluorescence image of the filaments); (b) measured and (c), (d) calculated molecular alignment signal of air along the direction parallel (c) or perpendicular (d) to the field polarization. The induced frequency shifts and excitation pulse envelope are shown as dashed and dash–dotted curves, respectively. The inset of (b) shows a 2D distribution of the refractive index change.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured displacement and fluorescence intensity of the SH filament versus its time delay with respect to the FW pulse. The polarization of the FW filament is parallel (left column) and perpendicular (right column) to the SH filament. The dashed lines mark the average filament separation and fluorescence intensity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral modulation of the SH filament as a function of the time delay, where the polarization of the FW filament is (a) parallel or (b) perpendicular to the SH filament.

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