Abstract

We report the combined application of Ramanography and particle image velocimetry (PIV) for the investigation of gas mixing processes. A droplet seeded hydrogen flow was injected as a free jet into pressurized nitrogen at 0.95 MPa. Ramanography and PIV were used to quantitatively image the mixture composition and the flow field of the mixing process, respectively.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species, 2nd ed. (Gordon and Breach, 1996).
  2. D. A. Long, Raman Spectroscopy (McGraw-Hill, 1977).
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    [CrossRef]
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2009 (3)

S. Dowy, A. Braeuer, R. Schatz, E. Schluecker, and A. Leipertz, J. Supercrit. Fluids 48, 195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Dowy, A. Braeuer, K. Reinhold-López, and A. Leipertz, J. Supercrit. Fluids 50, 265 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Braeuer and A. Leipertz, Appl. Opt. 48, B57 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

D. C. Kyritsis, F. G. Felton, and F. V. Bracco, Int. J. Altern Propulsion 1, 174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2003 (1)

W. Mayer, J. Telaar, R. Branam, G. Schneider, and J. Hussong, Heat Mass Transfer 39, 709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

A. R. Masri, R. W. Dibble, and R. S. Barlow, J. Raman Spectrosc. 24, 83 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

Barlow, R. S.

A. R. Masri, R. W. Dibble, and R. S. Barlow, J. Raman Spectrosc. 24, 83 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bilger, R. W.

Bracco, F. V.

D. C. Kyritsis, F. G. Felton, and F. V. Bracco, Int. J. Altern Propulsion 1, 174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kyritsis, P. G. Felton, Y. Huang, and F. V. Bracco, Appl. Opt. 39, 6771 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Braeuer, A.

A. Braeuer and A. Leipertz, Appl. Opt. 48, B57 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Dowy, A. Braeuer, K. Reinhold-López, and A. Leipertz, J. Supercrit. Fluids 50, 265 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Dowy, A. Braeuer, R. Schatz, E. Schluecker, and A. Leipertz, J. Supercrit. Fluids 48, 195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Branam, R.

W. Mayer, J. Telaar, R. Branam, G. Schneider, and J. Hussong, Heat Mass Transfer 39, 709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Decker, M.

Dibble, R. W.

A. R. Masri, R. W. Dibble, and R. S. Barlow, J. Raman Spectrosc. 24, 83 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dowy, S.

S. Dowy, A. Braeuer, R. Schatz, E. Schluecker, and A. Leipertz, J. Supercrit. Fluids 48, 195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Dowy, A. Braeuer, K. Reinhold-López, and A. Leipertz, J. Supercrit. Fluids 50, 265 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eckbreth, A. C.

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species, 2nd ed. (Gordon and Breach, 1996).

Egermann, J.

Felton, F. G.

D. C. Kyritsis, F. G. Felton, and F. V. Bracco, Int. J. Altern Propulsion 1, 174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Felton, P. G.

Fourguette, D. C.

Frank, J. H.

Hartley, D. L.

D. L. Hartley, in Laser Raman Gas Diagnostics, M.Lapp and C.M.Penney, eds. (Plenum, 1974), p. 1151.

Huang, Y.

Hussong, J.

W. Mayer, J. Telaar, R. Branam, G. Schneider, and J. Hussong, Heat Mass Transfer 39, 709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kyritsis, D. C.

D. C. Kyritsis, F. G. Felton, and F. V. Bracco, Int. J. Altern Propulsion 1, 174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kyritsis, P. G. Felton, Y. Huang, and F. V. Bracco, Appl. Opt. 39, 6771 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Leipertz, A.

A. Braeuer and A. Leipertz, Appl. Opt. 48, B57 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Dowy, A. Braeuer, K. Reinhold-López, and A. Leipertz, J. Supercrit. Fluids 50, 265 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Dowy, A. Braeuer, R. Schatz, E. Schluecker, and A. Leipertz, J. Supercrit. Fluids 48, 195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Malarski, J. Egermann, J. Zehnder, and A. Leipertz, Opt. Lett. 31, 1005 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Levin, P. S.

Long, D. A.

D. A. Long, Raman Spectroscopy (McGraw-Hill, 1977).

Long, M. B.

Malarski, A.

Marran, D. F.

Masri, A. R.

A. R. Masri, R. W. Dibble, and R. S. Barlow, J. Raman Spectrosc. 24, 83 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mayer, W.

W. Mayer, J. Telaar, R. Branam, G. Schneider, and J. Hussong, Heat Mass Transfer 39, 709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meier, U. E.

Reinhold-López, K.

S. Dowy, A. Braeuer, K. Reinhold-López, and A. Leipertz, J. Supercrit. Fluids 50, 265 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, R.

S. Dowy, A. Braeuer, R. Schatz, E. Schluecker, and A. Leipertz, J. Supercrit. Fluids 48, 195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schik, A.

Schluecker, E.

S. Dowy, A. Braeuer, R. Schatz, E. Schluecker, and A. Leipertz, J. Supercrit. Fluids 48, 195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, G.

W. Mayer, J. Telaar, R. Branam, G. Schneider, and J. Hussong, Heat Mass Transfer 39, 709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stårner, S. H.

Stricker, W.

Talley, D. G.

R. D. Woodward and D. G. Talley, presented at the 34th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1996), paper AIAA 96-0468.

Telaar, J.

W. Mayer, J. Telaar, R. Branam, G. Schneider, and J. Hussong, Heat Mass Transfer 39, 709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Woodward, R. D.

R. D. Woodward and D. G. Talley, presented at the 34th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1996), paper AIAA 96-0468.

Zehnder, J.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Heat Mass Transfer (1)

W. Mayer, J. Telaar, R. Branam, G. Schneider, and J. Hussong, Heat Mass Transfer 39, 709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Altern Propulsion (1)

D. C. Kyritsis, F. G. Felton, and F. V. Bracco, Int. J. Altern Propulsion 1, 174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Raman Spectrosc. (1)

A. R. Masri, R. W. Dibble, and R. S. Barlow, J. Raman Spectrosc. 24, 83 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Supercrit. Fluids (2)

S. Dowy, A. Braeuer, R. Schatz, E. Schluecker, and A. Leipertz, J. Supercrit. Fluids 48, 195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Dowy, A. Braeuer, K. Reinhold-López, and A. Leipertz, J. Supercrit. Fluids 50, 265 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (4)

R. D. Woodward and D. G. Talley, presented at the 34th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1996), paper AIAA 96-0468.

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species, 2nd ed. (Gordon and Breach, 1996).

D. A. Long, Raman Spectroscopy (McGraw-Hill, 1977).

D. L. Hartley, in Laser Raman Gas Diagnostics, M.Lapp and C.M.Penney, eds. (Plenum, 1974), p. 1151.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

H 2 Raman signal fraction x ( I H 2 ) as a function of the H 2 mole fraction x ( n H 2 ) at 1.1 MPa and at room temperature. SNRs are given for pure H 2 and N 2 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Combination of the PIV vector field and the Ramanography composition field when a droplet seeded H 2 flow is injected into a N 2 purged chamber at 0.95 MPa and at room temperature.

Equations (2)

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x ( n H 2 ) = n ( H 2 ) n ( H 2 ) + n ( N 2 ) ,
x ( I H 2 ) = I ( H 2 ) I ( H 2 ) + I ( N 2 ) ,

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