Abstract

We report the frequency stabilization of a cw extended-cavity diode laser against saturated absorption lines of the H2O17 isotopologue of water vapor at around 1.384μm. The saturation of rotovibrational transitions is achieved by filling a high-finesse optical resonator with H2O17 at low pressure and by locking the laser frequency to the resonator by using the Pound–Drever–Hall technique. Absolute frequency stabilization is obtained, locking the cavity resonance to the center of the sub-Doppler line by means of the wavelength modulation method. A relative frequency stability of σy(τ)=1013(0.1τ2+0.9)12 is demonstrated for integration times in the range 4ms<τ<30s.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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G. Casa, A. Castrillo, G. Galzerano, R. Wehr, A. Merlone, D. Di Serafino, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 200801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Ma, A. Foltynowicz, and O. Axner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1144 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

G. Gagliardi, G. Rusciano, and L. Gianfrani, Appl. Phys. B 70, 883 (2000).

1995 (2)

1994 (1)

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsky, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, and D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Awaji, Y.

Axner, O.

Bordé, C. J.

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, and D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Cancio, P.

Casa, G.

G. Casa, A. Castrillo, G. Galzerano, R. Wehr, A. Merlone, D. Di Serafino, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 200801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Castrillo, A.

G. Casa, A. Castrillo, G. Galzerano, R. Wehr, A. Merlone, D. Di Serafino, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 200801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, W.-Y.

Chui, H.-C.

De Labachelerie, M.

De Natale, P.

Di Serafino, D.

G. Casa, A. Castrillo, G. Galzerano, R. Wehr, A. Merlone, D. Di Serafino, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 200801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsky, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Foltynowicz, A.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsky, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Gagliardi, G.

G. Gagliardi, G. Rusciano, and L. Gianfrani, Appl. Phys. B 70, 883 (2000).

Galzerano, G.

G. Casa, A. Castrillo, G. Galzerano, R. Wehr, A. Merlone, D. Di Serafino, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 200801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gianfrani, L.

G. Casa, A. Castrillo, G. Galzerano, R. Wehr, A. Merlone, D. Di Serafino, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 200801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gagliardi, G. Rusciano, and L. Gianfrani, Appl. Phys. B 70, 883 (2000).

Giufredi, G.

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsky, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, and D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsky, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hummer, D. G.

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, and D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Ko, M.-S.

Kowalsky, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsky, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kunasz, C. V.

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, and D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

G. Casa, A. Castrillo, G. Galzerano, R. Wehr, A. Merlone, D. Di Serafino, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 200801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, T.

Liu, Y.-W.

Ma, W.

Merlone, A.

G. Casa, A. Castrillo, G. Galzerano, R. Wehr, A. Merlone, D. Di Serafino, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 200801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsky, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Musha, M.

K. Nakagawa, Y. Sato, M. Musha, and K. Ueda, Appl. Phys. B 80, 479 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, K.

Otshu, M.

Picqué, N.

Roussev, R. V.

Rusciano, G.

G. Gagliardi, G. Rusciano, and L. Gianfrani, Appl. Phys. B 70, 883 (2000).

Sato, Y.

K. Nakagawa, Y. Sato, M. Musha, and K. Ueda, Appl. Phys. B 80, 479 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, S.-Y.

Shy, J.-T.

Ueda, K.

K. Nakagawa, Y. Sato, M. Musha, and K. Ueda, Appl. Phys. B 80, 479 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsky, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Wehr, R.

G. Casa, A. Castrillo, G. Galzerano, R. Wehr, A. Merlone, D. Di Serafino, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 200801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

K. Nakagawa, Y. Sato, M. Musha, and K. Ueda, Appl. Phys. B 80, 479 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsky, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

G. Gagliardi, G. Rusciano, and L. Gianfrani, Appl. Phys. B 70, 883 (2000).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, and D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

G. Casa, A. Castrillo, G. Galzerano, R. Wehr, A. Merlone, D. Di Serafino, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 200801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

“The HITRAN data base,” http://cfa-www.harvard. edu/HITRAN/.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the absolute frequency stabilization of the ECDL. ISO, optical isolator; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; EOM, electro-opical phase modulator; rf A, rf amplifier; L, lens; λ 4 and λ 2 , quarter-, and half-wave plates; DBM, doubled balanced mixer; PZT, piezoelectric actuator; Pd, photodiode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Cavity-enhanced saturated absorption spectrum corresponding to the 3 2 , 1 3 2 , 2 line of the H 2 O 17 ν 1 + ν 3 band at λ = 1384.5919 nm . The inset shows the Lamb-dip together with line fitting to a Lorentzian function (continuous curve), providing a FWHM of 3.2 MHz . (b) First derivative signal of the Lamb-dip as obtained at the lock-in amplifier output (integration time 3 ms ).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Time behavior of the lock-in output signal divided by the 5.05 V MHz discrimination coefficient when the ECDL is locked to the saturated absorption of H 2 O 17 at λ = 1384.5919 nm . (b) Calculated Allan deviation for the laser frequency fluctuations. Solid gray curve, best fit of the data.

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