Abstract

A suitably designed trilayer Ag/SiO2/Au thermal emitter can be used as the narrow bandwidth infrared light source. The thermal radiation generated in the SiO2 layer resonates between the two metal films and results in not only the Ag/SiO2 surface plasmon polaritons but also the waveguide mode (WM) in the Ag/SiO2/Au structure owing to the thick SiO2 layer. This study investigated the influence of dielectric thickness on energy dispersion relations and derived the theoretical dispersion relation, which fit well with experimental results. This WM light source can be applied in the area of gas sensing and probing the response of the animal cells and plants to infrared radiation.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

N. C. Panoiu and R. M. Osgood, Opt. Lett. 32, 2825 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Chen, M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 063108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (7)

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, Opt. Express 14, 1965 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 266808 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Cole and N. J. Halas, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 153120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, C. Y. Meng, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Dionne, H. J. Lezec, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 6, 1928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, and G. Mattiussi, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 043109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Christ, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abdelsalam, M.

Abdelsalam, M. E.

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 266808 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

J. A. Dionne, H. J. Lezec, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 6, 1928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aussenegg, F. R.

Bartlett, P. N.

Baumberg, J. J.

Berini, P.

P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, and G. Mattiussi, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 043109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. T.

C. Y. Chen, M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 063108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, C. Y. Meng, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Charbonneau, R.

P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, and G. Mattiussi, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 043109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. Y.

C. Y. Chen, M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 063108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Christ, A.

A. Christ, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chuang, T. H.

C. Y. Chen, M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 063108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, C. Y. Meng, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cole, J.

J. Cole and N. J. Halas, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 153120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Derkacs, D.

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dionne, J. A.

J. A. Dionne, H. J. Lezec, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 6, 1928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ditlbacher, H.

Fan, S.

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Feng, S. F.

Galler, N.

García de Abajo, F. J.

Giessen, H.

A. Christ, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gippius, N. A.

A. Christ, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halas, N. J.

J. Cole and N. J. Halas, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 153120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hohenau, A.

Ju, J. J.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kelf, T. A.

Kim, J. T.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. S.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koller, D. M.

Krenn, J. R.

Kuhl, J.

A. Christ, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lahoud, N.

P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, and G. Mattiussi, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 043109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M. H.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. C.

C. Y. Chen, M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 063108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, C. Y. Meng, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

Lezec, H. J.

J. A. Dionne, H. J. Lezec, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 6, 1928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lim, S. H.

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. M.

Mar, W.

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matheu, P.

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mattiussi, G.

P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, and G. Mattiussi, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 043109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meng, C. Y.

M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, C. Y. Meng, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

Panoiu, N. C.

Park, S.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. K.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y. J.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Popov, V. V.

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

Song, J. Y.

Song, Y. R.

Sugawara, Y.

Teperik, T. V.

Tikhodeev, S. G.

A. Christ, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsai, M. W.

C. Y. Chen, M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 063108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, C. Y. Meng, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Veronis, G.

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, E. T.

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Z.

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. P.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Cole and N. J. Halas, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 153120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, C. Y. Meng, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Chen, M. W. Tsai, T. H. Chuang, Y. T. Chang, and S. C. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 063108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, and G. Mattiussi, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 043109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

J. A. Dionne, H. J. Lezec, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 6, 1928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

A. Christ, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 266808 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the (a) side and (b) top views of the Ag / SiO 2 / Au plasmonic thermal emitter. The top metal is perforated with a hexagonal hole array.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured energy dispersion relation as a function of k x along Γ K direction for devices A, B, C, D, and G with different SiO 2 thicknesses t of (a) 0.7, (b) 0.8, (c) 0.9, (d) 1.1, and (e) 2.6 μ m . The theoretical energy dispersion relation (red curves) are shown to fit the experimental result of (e). WM is waveguide mode and WG is waveguide-grating coupling mode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured emission spectra of devices D, E, F, and G with different SiO 2 layer thicknesses [i.e., t = ( a ) 1.1, (b) 1.6, (c) 2.1, and (d) 2.6 μ m , respectively]. The spectra show fundamental WM (0,0,1) (open square), (1,0) Ag / SiO 2 SPP mode (open diamond), second-order WM (0,0,2) (solid square), and (1,0,1) waveguide-grating mode (open triangle). The devices with lattice constant a = 3 μ m and diameter d = 1.5 μ m were heated at a fixed temperature of 140 ° C .

Equations (2)

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k w g = k x + i G x + j G y .
k w g = 1 n [ ( ω c n ) 2 ( m π t ) 2 ] 1 / 2 ,

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