Abstract

Double-clad photonic crystal fiber and double-clad fiber have been widely used in multiphoton-excited fluorescence or second-harmonic generation (SHG) endoscopy. We provide a useful comparison of two fibers used in nonlinear optical microendoscopy. While a double-clad fiber is found to have a higher percentage of the output power from its core, which results in the efficient utilization of the power of the excitation laser, a double-clad photonic crystal fiber has a higher threshold of the nonlinearity, which effectively reduces the self-modulation effect and thus leads to a higher degree of polarization of the excitation beam. Consequently, the use of the double-clad photonic crystal fiber facilitates bright two-photon fluorescence imaging as well as polarized SHG imaging.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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