Abstract

We report micromodification of Eu element distribution in a silicate glass with femtosecond laser irradiation. Elemental analysis shows that the content of Eu decreased at the focal point and increased in a ring-shaped region around the focal point, which indicates migration of Eu ions has been induced by the femtosecond laser irradiation. Confocal fluorescence spectra demonstrate that the fluorescence intensity of Eu3+ ions increased by 20% in the laser-induced, Eu-enriched, ring-shaped region compared with that for nonirradiated glass. The mechanism for the laser induced change in fluorescence properties of Eu3+ has been investigated.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (3)

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Dai, H. Ma, and J. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 121113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kanehira, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 023112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

K. Lim, S. Lee, M. Trinh, S. Kim, M. Lee, D. S. Hamilton, and G. N. Gibson, J. Lumin. 122-123, 14 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Behrens and M. Haack, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 4743 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, S. Cao, and B. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, S. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 25, 408 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Y. Nageno, H. Takebe, K. Morinaga, and M. Haack, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 169, 288 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Arai, A. Y.

Behrens, H.

H. Behrens and M. Haack, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 4743 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bovatsek, J.

Cao, S.

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, S. Cao, and B. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chan, J. W.

Dai, Y.

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Dai, H. Ma, and J. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 121113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, S. Cao, and B. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eaton, S. M.

Fujiwara, S.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, S. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, J. F.

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gattass, R. R.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gibson, G. N.

K. Lim, S. Lee, M. Trinh, S. Kim, M. Lee, D. S. Hamilton, and G. N. Gibson, J. Lumin. 122-123, 14 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Haack, M.

H. Behrens and M. Haack, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 4743 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nageno, H. Takebe, K. Morinaga, and M. Haack, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 169, 288 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hamilton, D. S.

K. Lim, S. Lee, M. Trinh, S. Kim, M. Lee, D. S. Hamilton, and G. N. Gibson, J. Lumin. 122-123, 14 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Herman, P. R.

Hirao, K.

S. Kanehira, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 023112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 25, 408 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, S. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Kojima, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 24, 786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huser, T. R.

Inouye, H.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kanehira, S.

S. Kanehira, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 023112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

K. Lim, S. Lee, M. Trinh, S. Kim, M. Lee, D. S. Hamilton, and G. N. Gibson, J. Lumin. 122-123, 14 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kojima, K.

Krol, D. M.

Lee, M.

K. Lim, S. Lee, M. Trinh, S. Kim, M. Lee, D. S. Hamilton, and G. N. Gibson, J. Lumin. 122-123, 14 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

K. Lim, S. Lee, M. Trinh, S. Kim, M. Lee, D. S. Hamilton, and G. N. Gibson, J. Lumin. 122-123, 14 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lim, K.

K. Lim, S. Lee, M. Trinh, S. Kim, M. Lee, D. S. Hamilton, and G. N. Gibson, J. Lumin. 122-123, 14 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Dai, H. Ma, and J. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 121113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lu, B.

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, S. Cao, and B. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H.

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Dai, H. Ma, and J. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 121113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, S. Cao, and B. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mitsuyu, T.

Miura, K.

S. Kanehira, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 023112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 25, 408 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, S. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Kojima, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 24, 786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Morinaga, K.

Y. Nageno, H. Takebe, K. Morinaga, and M. Haack, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 169, 288 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nageno, Y.

Y. Nageno, H. Takebe, K. Morinaga, and M. Haack, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 169, 288 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Dai, H. Ma, and J. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 121113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, S. Cao, and B. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 25, 408 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, S. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Kojima, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 24, 786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Risbud, S. H.

Sakaguchi, S.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, S. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schaffer, C. B.

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shah, L.

Takebe, H.

Y. Nageno, H. Takebe, K. Morinaga, and M. Haack, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 169, 288 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Trinh, M.

K. Lim, S. Lee, M. Trinh, S. Kim, M. Lee, D. S. Hamilton, and G. N. Gibson, J. Lumin. 122-123, 14 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Dai, H. Ma, and J. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 121113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, F.

Yu, B.

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, S. Cao, and B. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhu, B.

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Dai, H. Ma, and J. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 121113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, S. Cao, and B. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, S. Cao, and B. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Dai, H. Ma, and J. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 121113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kanehira, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 023112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, S. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

K. Lim, S. Lee, M. Trinh, S. Kim, M. Lee, D. S. Hamilton, and G. N. Gibson, J. Lumin. 122-123, 14 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

H. Behrens and M. Haack, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 4743 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nageno, H. Takebe, K. Morinaga, and M. Haack, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 169, 288 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Backscattering electron image and EPMA mapping showing relative concentration change of the different ions in the glass around the focal point after the femtosecond laser irradiation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Confocal fluorescence spectra from different positions (A–C) of a laser-modified zone (the spectra were obtained with a 514 nm Ar + laser as the excitation source). The inset shows the optical microscope image of the laser-modified zone.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Different peak intensities as a function of distance from the central laser focal point.

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