Abstract

Acoustic emission (AE) during a pressure test of a carbon fiber-reinforced plastic tank was measured using a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor and, for comparison, using a conventional piezoelectric sensor. The FBG-inscribed optical fiber was used not only as an optical transmission line but also as an ultrasonic transmission line. The FBG sensor showed resonant characteristics and could detect AE continuously during the test. AE detected with the FBG sensor exhibited a cumulative behavior similar to that detected with the piezoelectric sensor. The FBG sensor was demonstrated to have comparable AE detection capability to piezoelectric sensors.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
  2. G.F.Fernando, D.J.Webb, and P.Ferdinand, eds., MRS Bull.27, 359 (2002).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Takeda, Y. Okabe, J. Kuwahara, S. Kojima, and T. Ogisu, Compos. Sci. Technol. 65, 2575 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Tsuda, Compos. Sci. Technol. 66, 676 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. J. R. Lee and H. Tsuda, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 2414 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. R. Lee, S. S. Lee, and D. J. Yoon, J. Opt. A 10, 085307 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. D. T. Blackstock, Fundamentals of Physical Acoustics (Wiley-Interscience, 2000).

2008 (4)

G. Wild and S. Hinckley, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1184 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Thursby, B. Culshaw, and D. C. Betz, Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. 31, 660 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lee, S. S. Lee, and D. J. Yoon, J. Opt. A 10, 085307 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Mavromatou, G. S. Tombras, D. Ninos, and V. Hadjicontis, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

J. R. Lee and H. Tsuda, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 645 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lee and H. Tsuda, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 2414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Tsuda, Compos. Sci. Technol. 66, 676 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

N. Takeda, Y. Okabe, J. Kuwahara, S. Kojima, and T. Ogisu, Compos. Sci. Technol. 65, 2575 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

N. Takahashi, K. Yoshimura, S. Takahashi, and K. Imamura, Ultrasonics 38, 581 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

A. Othonos, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 4309 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Betz, D. C.

G. Thursby, B. Culshaw, and D. C. Betz, Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. 31, 660 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Blackstock, D. T.

D. T. Blackstock, Fundamentals of Physical Acoustics (Wiley-Interscience, 2000).

Culshaw, B.

G. Thursby, B. Culshaw, and D. C. Betz, Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. 31, 660 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hadjicontis, V.

C. Mavromatou, G. S. Tombras, D. Ninos, and V. Hadjicontis, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hinckley, S.

G. Wild and S. Hinckley, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1184 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Imamura, K.

N. Takahashi, K. Yoshimura, S. Takahashi, and K. Imamura, Ultrasonics 38, 581 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kojima, S.

N. Takeda, Y. Okabe, J. Kuwahara, S. Kojima, and T. Ogisu, Compos. Sci. Technol. 65, 2575 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kuwahara, J.

N. Takeda, Y. Okabe, J. Kuwahara, S. Kojima, and T. Ogisu, Compos. Sci. Technol. 65, 2575 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. R.

J. R. Lee, S. S. Lee, and D. J. Yoon, J. Opt. A 10, 085307 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lee and H. Tsuda, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 645 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lee and H. Tsuda, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 2414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. S.

J. R. Lee, S. S. Lee, and D. J. Yoon, J. Opt. A 10, 085307 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mavromatou, C.

C. Mavromatou, G. S. Tombras, D. Ninos, and V. Hadjicontis, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ninos, D.

C. Mavromatou, G. S. Tombras, D. Ninos, and V. Hadjicontis, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ogisu, T.

N. Takeda, Y. Okabe, J. Kuwahara, S. Kojima, and T. Ogisu, Compos. Sci. Technol. 65, 2575 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Okabe, Y.

N. Takeda, Y. Okabe, J. Kuwahara, S. Kojima, and T. Ogisu, Compos. Sci. Technol. 65, 2575 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Othonos, A.

A. Othonos, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 4309 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, N.

N. Takahashi, K. Yoshimura, S. Takahashi, and K. Imamura, Ultrasonics 38, 581 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, S.

N. Takahashi, K. Yoshimura, S. Takahashi, and K. Imamura, Ultrasonics 38, 581 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takeda, N.

N. Takeda, Y. Okabe, J. Kuwahara, S. Kojima, and T. Ogisu, Compos. Sci. Technol. 65, 2575 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thursby, G.

G. Thursby, B. Culshaw, and D. C. Betz, Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. 31, 660 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tombras, G. S.

C. Mavromatou, G. S. Tombras, D. Ninos, and V. Hadjicontis, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsuda, H.

H. Tsuda, Compos. Sci. Technol. 66, 676 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lee and H. Tsuda, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 2414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lee and H. Tsuda, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 645 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wild, G.

G. Wild and S. Hinckley, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1184 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, D. J.

J. R. Lee, S. S. Lee, and D. J. Yoon, J. Opt. A 10, 085307 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimura, K.

N. Takahashi, K. Yoshimura, S. Takahashi, and K. Imamura, Ultrasonics 38, 581 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Compos. Sci. Technol. (2)

N. Takeda, Y. Okabe, J. Kuwahara, S. Kojima, and T. Ogisu, Compos. Sci. Technol. 65, 2575 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Tsuda, Compos. Sci. Technol. 66, 676 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. (1)

G. Thursby, B. Culshaw, and D. C. Betz, Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. 31, 660 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

G. Wild and S. Hinckley, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1184 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. Mavromatou, G. S. Tombras, D. Ninos, and V. Hadjicontis, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083518 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

J. R. Lee, S. S. Lee, and D. J. Yoon, J. Opt. A 10, 085307 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

J. R. Lee and H. Tsuda, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 645 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lee and H. Tsuda, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 2414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. Othonos, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 4309 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ultrasonics (1)

N. Takahashi, K. Yoshimura, S. Takahashi, and K. Imamura, Ultrasonics 38, 581 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

G.F.Fernando, D.J.Webb, and P.Ferdinand, eds., MRS Bull.27, 359 (2002).

D. T. Blackstock, Fundamentals of Physical Acoustics (Wiley-Interscience, 2000).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup used to measure the AE of a CFRP tank during a pressure test.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pressure and cumulative number of AE hits plotted with respect to time during the pressure test.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

AE hits per second as detected by the FBG sensor and pressure plotted with respect to time during the pressure test.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pressure and peak-to-peak values of AE waveforms detected using the FBG sensor plotted with respect to time.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Example of an AE waveform detected using the FBG sensor. (b) Frequency-domain representation of the AE waveform.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Calculated and Experimentally Obtained Resonant Frequencies

Equations (1)

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f n = ( 2 n + 1 ) v 4 L , n = 0 , 1 , 2 , ,

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