Abstract

Multitone radiation is a promising technique to mitigate stimulated Brillouin scattering effects in narrow-linewidth fiber amplifiers. We demonstrate coherent beam combination of three two-tone fiber amplifiers using a stochastic parallel gradient descent (SPGD) algorithm. Phase control on the fiber amplifiers are performed by running the SPGD algorithm on a digital signal processor. The contrast of far-field intensity pattern of a coherently combined beam is more than 85%. Experimental results validate that a single-frequency seed laser is not indispensable for coherent beam combination in master oscillator power amplifier configuration.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009

J. Marmo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, S. McNaught, J. Machan, and J. Sollee, Proc. SPIE 7195, 719507 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Dajani, C. Zeringue, and T. Shay, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 406 (2009).
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P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Augst, J. K. Ranka, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1707 (2007).
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L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
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G. D. Goodno, H. Komine, S. J. McNaught, S. B. Weiss, S. Redmond, W. Long, R. Simpson, E. C. Cheung, D. Howland, P. Epp, M. Weber, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, and H. Injeyan, Opt. Lett. 31, 1247 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

L. Liu and M. A. Vorontsov, Proc. SPIE 5895, 58950P (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

2002

2000

Adel, P.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).

Anderegg, J.

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Auerbach, M.

Augst, S. J.

Baker, J. T.

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barthelemy, A.

Barty, C. P. J.

Beach, R. J.

Benham, V.

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Beresnev, L. A.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brosnan, S.

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carhart, G. W.

Cauwenberghs, G.

Cheo, P. K.

Cheung, E.

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, E. C.

Cohen, M.

Dajani, I.

Dawson, J. W.

Desfarges-Berthelemot, A.

Eberhardt, R.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Epp, P.

Even, P.

Fallnich, C.

Fan, T. Y.

Gavrielides, A.

Goodno, G. D.

Guo, S.

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hafizi, B.

P. Sprangle, J. Peñano, A. Ting, and B. Hafizi, http://www.strommedia.us/25/2542/A254254.html.

Hammons, D.

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Heebner, J. E.

Hickey, L. M. B.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Higgs, C.

J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G (2006).
[CrossRef]

Horley, R.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Howland, D.

Huo, Y.

Injeyan, H.

Jeong, Y.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Justin Bronder, T.

Kansky, J. E.

J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kermene, V.

King, G. G.

Klingebiel, S.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Komine, H.

J. Marmo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, S. McNaught, J. Machan, and J. Sollee, Proc. SPIE 7195, 719507 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Goodno, H. Komine, S. J. McNaught, S. B. Weiss, S. Redmond, W. Long, R. Simpson, E. C. Cheung, D. Howland, P. Epp, M. Weber, M. McClellan, J. Sollee, and H. Injeyan, Opt. Lett. 31, 1247 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lawrence, R. C.

J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lefort, L.

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu and M. A. Vorontsov, Proc. SPIE 5895, 58950P (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Long, W.

Lu, C. A.

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H.

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y.

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Machan, J.

J. Marmo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, S. McNaught, J. Machan, and J. Sollee, Proc. SPIE 7195, 719507 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marmo, J.

J. Marmo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, S. McNaught, J. Machan, and J. Sollee, Proc. SPIE 7195, 719507 (2009).
[CrossRef]

McClellan, M.

McNaught, S.

J. Marmo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, S. McNaught, J. Machan, and J. Sollee, Proc. SPIE 7195, 719507 (2009).
[CrossRef]

McNaught, S. J.

Messerly, M. J.

Murphy, D. V.

J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pax, P. H.

Payne, D. N.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peñano, J.

P. Sprangle, J. Peñano, A. Ting, and B. Hafizi, http://www.strommedia.us/25/2542/A254254.html.

Peschel, T.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pilkington, D.

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Polnau, E.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pureur, D.

Ranka, J. K.

Redmond, S.

Robin, C.

Röser, F.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sabourdy, D.

Sahu, J. K.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Saitou, T.

Sanchez, A.

Sanchez, A. D.

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, T.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sekiguchi, T.

Shaw, S. E. J.

J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shay, T.

Shay, T. M.

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, A.

Shverdin, M. Y.

Siders, C. W.

Simpson, R.

Sollee, J.

Sprangle, P.

P. Sprangle, J. Peñano, A. Ting, and B. Hafizi, http://www.strommedia.us/25/2542/A254254.html.

Sridharan, A. K.

Stappaerts, E. A.

Ting, A.

P. Sprangle, J. Peñano, A. Ting, and B. Hafizi, http://www.strommedia.us/25/2542/A254254.html.

Tünnermann, A.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P. W.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

Vorontsov, M. A.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu and M. A. Vorontsov, Proc. SPIE 5895, 58950P (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Cohen, and G. Cauwenberghs, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1440 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wandt, D.

Wang, X.

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M.

Weiss, S. B.

Weßels, P.

Weyrauch, T.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wickham, M.

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wirth, C.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C. X.

J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zeringue, C.

Zhou, P.

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Dajani, C. Zeringue, and T. Shay, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 406 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

J. Marmo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, S. McNaught, J. Machan, and J. Sollee, Proc. SPIE 7195, 719507 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Kansky, C. X. Yu, D. V. Murphy, S. E. J. Shaw, R. C. Lawrence, and C. Higgs, Proc. SPIE 6306, 63060G (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu and M. A. Vorontsov, Proc. SPIE 5895, 58950P (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

Towards 100 kW fiber laser systems (2006), http://www.crystalfiber.com.

P. Sprangle, J. Peñano, A. Ting, and B. Hafizi, http://www.strommedia.us/25/2542/A254254.html.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. PM, LiNbO 3 phase modulator; ISO, isolator; AMP, amplifier; CO, collimator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum of the two-tone laser source (left) before power amplification and (right) after power amplification.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Long-exposure far-field intensity pattern of the combined laser: (a) open loop, (b) closed loop, (c) theoretical.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Time dependent signals of energy encircled in the pinhole in open loop and closed loop.

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