Abstract

Rare earth (RE) ion doped glass ceramics containing hexagonal CeF3 nanocrystals with a mean size of 12 nm were fabricated. Using Eu3+ as the structural probe, Stark splitting emissions and the low forced electric dipole D50F72 transition of Eu3+ revealed the partition of RE ions into low-phonon-energy CeF3 nanocrystals. Efficient energy transfers from Ce3+ to Tb3+ or Dy3+ were found, and the energy transfer efficiency was evaluated. Under ultraviolet excitation, intense white-light emission was observed in Dy3+-doped samples owing to Dy3+ resided in CeF3 crystalline environment, indicating their potential application in white-light-emitting diodes.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2008 (2)

C. H. Liang, Y. C. Chang, and Y. S. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 211902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Ye, B. Zhu, J. X. Chen, J. Luo, and J. R. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (6)

C. K. Chang and T. M. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, C. K. Lin, and J. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 081904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Boyer, J. Gagnon, L. A. Cuccia, and J. A. Capobianco, Chem. Mater. 19, 3358 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. X. Meng, K. W. Cheah, Z. P. Shi, and J. Q. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 151107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Lahoz, S. E. Hernández, N. E. Capuj, and D. Navarro-Urrios, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 201117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. H. Huang, T. Yamashita, R. Jose, Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

K. Driesen, V. K. Tikhomirov, G. Görller-Walrand, V. D. Rodriguez, and A. B. Seddon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 073111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Wang, Z. W. Quan, P. Y. Jia, C. K. Lin, Y. Luo, Y. Chen, J. Fang, W. Zhou, C. J. O'Connor, and J. Lin, Chem. Mater. 18, 2030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

Y. Zheng and A. G. Clare, Phys. Chem. Glasses 46, 467 (2005).

S. Tanabe, S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, and S. Yamamoto, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. K. Park, M. A. Lim, C. H. Kim, H. D. Park, J. T. Park, and S. Y. Choi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

K. Ahrens, Z. Phys. B: Condens. Matter 40, 45 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ahrens, K.

K. Ahrens, Z. Phys. B: Condens. Matter 40, 45 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Arai, Y.

L. H. Huang, T. Yamashita, R. Jose, Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boyer, J. C.

J. C. Boyer, J. Gagnon, L. A. Cuccia, and J. A. Capobianco, Chem. Mater. 19, 3358 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Capobianco, J. A.

J. C. Boyer, J. Gagnon, L. A. Cuccia, and J. A. Capobianco, Chem. Mater. 19, 3358 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Capuj, N. E.

F. Lahoz, S. E. Hernández, N. E. Capuj, and D. Navarro-Urrios, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 201117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C. K.

C. K. Chang and T. M. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. C.

C. H. Liang, Y. C. Chang, and Y. S. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 211902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. S.

C. H. Liang, Y. C. Chang, and Y. S. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 211902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cheah, K. W.

J. X. Meng, K. W. Cheah, Z. P. Shi, and J. Q. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 151107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. X.

S. Ye, B. Zhu, J. X. Chen, J. Luo, and J. R. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T. M.

C. K. Chang and T. M. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Z. L. Wang, Z. W. Quan, P. Y. Jia, C. K. Lin, Y. Luo, Y. Chen, J. Fang, W. Zhou, C. J. O'Connor, and J. Lin, Chem. Mater. 18, 2030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. Y.

J. K. Park, M. A. Lim, C. H. Kim, H. D. Park, J. T. Park, and S. Y. Choi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Clare, A. G.

Y. Zheng and A. G. Clare, Phys. Chem. Glasses 46, 467 (2005).

Cuccia, L. A.

J. C. Boyer, J. Gagnon, L. A. Cuccia, and J. A. Capobianco, Chem. Mater. 19, 3358 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Driesen, K.

K. Driesen, V. K. Tikhomirov, G. Görller-Walrand, V. D. Rodriguez, and A. B. Seddon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 073111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fang, J.

Z. L. Wang, Z. W. Quan, P. Y. Jia, C. K. Lin, Y. Luo, Y. Chen, J. Fang, W. Zhou, C. J. O'Connor, and J. Lin, Chem. Mater. 18, 2030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, S.

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanabe, S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, and S. Yamamoto, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gagnon, J.

J. C. Boyer, J. Gagnon, L. A. Cuccia, and J. A. Capobianco, Chem. Mater. 19, 3358 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Görller-Walrand, G.

K. Driesen, V. K. Tikhomirov, G. Görller-Walrand, V. D. Rodriguez, and A. B. Seddon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 073111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hernández, S. E.

F. Lahoz, S. E. Hernández, N. E. Capuj, and D. Navarro-Urrios, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 201117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L. H.

L. H. Huang, T. Yamashita, R. Jose, Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jia, P. Y.

Z. L. Wang, Z. W. Quan, P. Y. Jia, C. K. Lin, Y. Luo, Y. Chen, J. Fang, W. Zhou, C. J. O'Connor, and J. Lin, Chem. Mater. 18, 2030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jose, R.

L. H. Huang, T. Yamashita, R. Jose, Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C. H.

J. K. Park, M. A. Lim, C. H. Kim, H. D. Park, J. T. Park, and S. Y. Choi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lahoz, F.

F. Lahoz, S. E. Hernández, N. E. Capuj, and D. Navarro-Urrios, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 201117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. Q.

J. X. Meng, K. W. Cheah, Z. P. Shi, and J. Q. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 151107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liang, C. H.

C. H. Liang, Y. C. Chang, and Y. S. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 211902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lim, M. A.

J. K. Park, M. A. Lim, C. H. Kim, H. D. Park, J. T. Park, and S. Y. Choi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. K.

X. M. Liu, C. K. Lin, and J. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 081904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Wang, Z. W. Quan, P. Y. Jia, C. K. Lin, Y. Luo, Y. Chen, J. Fang, W. Zhou, C. J. O'Connor, and J. Lin, Chem. Mater. 18, 2030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

X. M. Liu, C. K. Lin, and J. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 081904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Wang, Z. W. Quan, P. Y. Jia, C. K. Lin, Y. Luo, Y. Chen, J. Fang, W. Zhou, C. J. O'Connor, and J. Lin, Chem. Mater. 18, 2030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. M.

X. M. Liu, C. K. Lin, and J. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 081904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Luo, J.

S. Ye, B. Zhu, J. X. Chen, J. Luo, and J. R. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Y.

Z. L. Wang, Z. W. Quan, P. Y. Jia, C. K. Lin, Y. Luo, Y. Chen, J. Fang, W. Zhou, C. J. O'Connor, and J. Lin, Chem. Mater. 18, 2030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meng, J. X.

J. X. Meng, K. W. Cheah, Z. P. Shi, and J. Q. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 151107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Navarro-Urrios, D.

F. Lahoz, S. E. Hernández, N. E. Capuj, and D. Navarro-Urrios, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 201117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O'Connor, C. J.

Z. L. Wang, Z. W. Quan, P. Y. Jia, C. K. Lin, Y. Luo, Y. Chen, J. Fang, W. Zhou, C. J. O'Connor, and J. Lin, Chem. Mater. 18, 2030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

L. H. Huang, T. Yamashita, R. Jose, Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. D.

J. K. Park, M. A. Lim, C. H. Kim, H. D. Park, J. T. Park, and S. Y. Choi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Park, J. K.

J. K. Park, M. A. Lim, C. H. Kim, H. D. Park, J. T. Park, and S. Y. Choi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Park, J. T.

J. K. Park, M. A. Lim, C. H. Kim, H. D. Park, J. T. Park, and S. Y. Choi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J. R.

S. Ye, B. Zhu, J. X. Chen, J. Luo, and J. R. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Quan, Z. W.

Z. L. Wang, Z. W. Quan, P. Y. Jia, C. K. Lin, Y. Luo, Y. Chen, J. Fang, W. Zhou, C. J. O'Connor, and J. Lin, Chem. Mater. 18, 2030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, V. D.

K. Driesen, V. K. Tikhomirov, G. Görller-Walrand, V. D. Rodriguez, and A. B. Seddon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 073111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, A.

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanabe, S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, and S. Yamamoto, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Seddon, A. B.

K. Driesen, V. K. Tikhomirov, G. Görller-Walrand, V. D. Rodriguez, and A. B. Seddon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 073111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Z. P.

J. X. Meng, K. W. Cheah, Z. P. Shi, and J. Q. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 151107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

L. H. Huang, T. Yamashita, R. Jose, Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, S.

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanabe, S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, and S. Yamamoto, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tikhomirov, V. K.

K. Driesen, V. K. Tikhomirov, G. Görller-Walrand, V. D. Rodriguez, and A. B. Seddon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 073111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. L.

Z. L. Wang, Z. W. Quan, P. Y. Jia, C. K. Lin, Y. Luo, Y. Chen, J. Fang, W. Zhou, C. J. O'Connor, and J. Lin, Chem. Mater. 18, 2030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, S.

S. Tanabe, S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, and S. Yamamoto, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, T.

L. H. Huang, T. Yamashita, R. Jose, Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ye, S.

S. Ye, B. Zhu, J. X. Chen, J. Luo, and J. R. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yoshihara, S.

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanabe, S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, and S. Yamamoto, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Y.

Y. Zheng and A. G. Clare, Phys. Chem. Glasses 46, 467 (2005).

Zhou, W.

Z. L. Wang, Z. W. Quan, P. Y. Jia, C. K. Lin, Y. Luo, Y. Chen, J. Fang, W. Zhou, C. J. O'Connor, and J. Lin, Chem. Mater. 18, 2030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, B.

S. Ye, B. Zhu, J. X. Chen, J. Luo, and J. R. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (9)

J. K. Park, M. A. Lim, C. H. Kim, H. D. Park, J. T. Park, and S. Y. Choi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Liang, Y. C. Chang, and Y. S. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 211902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Chang and T. M. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, C. K. Lin, and J. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 081904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. X. Meng, K. W. Cheah, Z. P. Shi, and J. Q. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 151107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Driesen, V. K. Tikhomirov, G. Görller-Walrand, V. D. Rodriguez, and A. B. Seddon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 073111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Lahoz, S. E. Hernández, N. E. Capuj, and D. Navarro-Urrios, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 201117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. H. Huang, T. Yamashita, R. Jose, Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Ye, B. Zhu, J. X. Chen, J. Luo, and J. R. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (2)

Z. L. Wang, Z. W. Quan, P. Y. Jia, C. K. Lin, Y. Luo, Y. Chen, J. Fang, W. Zhou, C. J. O'Connor, and J. Lin, Chem. Mater. 18, 2030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Boyer, J. Gagnon, L. A. Cuccia, and J. A. Capobianco, Chem. Mater. 19, 3358 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Chem. Glasses (1)

Y. Zheng and A. G. Clare, Phys. Chem. Glasses 46, 467 (2005).

Proc. SPIE (2)

S. Tanabe, S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, and S. Yamamoto, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Phys. B: Condens. Matter (1)

K. Ahrens, Z. Phys. B: Condens. Matter 40, 45 (1980).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) XRD patterns of the precursor glass and glass ceramic, (b) HRTEM image of the glass ceramic, (c) emission spectra of the Eu 3 + doped glass and glass ceramic under 394 nm excitation; the inset shows the D 5 0 decay curves.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Emission spectra of glass ceramics doped with different contents of Tb 3 + under 255 nm excitation; the inset shows the excitation spectra of the undoped glass ceramic and 1.0 mol. % Tb 3 + doped sample.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Decay curves of the Ce 3 + : 5 d 4 f transition under 255 nm excitation for the glass ceramics doped with various contents of Tb 3 + (x mol. %); the inset shows the lifetime and the ETE versus Tb 3 + content.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Excitation and (b) emission spectra of Dy 3 + -doped glass ceramics; the inset shows the chromaticity point of the luminescence for the sample doped with 1.0 mol. % Dy 3 + (cross) and the standard equal energy white light illuminate (filled square) in the CIE coordinate diagram. (c) Comparison of the emission spectra for the precursor glass (magnified four times) and glass ceramic doped with 1.0 mol. % Dy 3 + .

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