Abstract

An electrically tunable liquid-crystal, photonic-bandgap-fiber-device-based, optically fed microwave, true-time delay is demonstrated with the response time in the millisecond range. A maximum electrically controlled phase shift of around 70° at 15GHz and an averaged 12.9ps true-time delay over the entire modulation frequency range of 115GHz are obtained.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009 (3)

2008 (1)

T. Baba, Nat. Photonics 2, 465 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

F. Öhman, K. Yvind, and J. Mørk, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 1145 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (4)

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, Nature 438, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Italia, M. Pisco, S. Campopiano, A. Cusano, and A. Cutolo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

1995 (1)

A. Molony, C. Edge, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 31, 1485 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Alkeskjold, T. T.

J. Weirich, J. Laegsgaard, L. Scolari, L. Wei, T. T. Alkeskjold, and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Express 17, 4442 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Wei, T. T. Alkeskjold, and A. Bjarklev, “Compact design of an electrically tunable and rotatable polarizer based on a liquid crystal photonic bandgap filter” (submitted to IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.).

Baba, T.

T. Baba, Nat. Photonics 2, 465 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

A. Molony, C. Edge, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 31, 1485 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bigelow, M. S.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bjarklev, A.

J. Weirich, J. Laegsgaard, L. Scolari, L. Wei, T. T. Alkeskjold, and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Express 17, 4442 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, and S. E. B. Libori, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 443 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Wei, T. T. Alkeskjold, and A. Bjarklev, “Compact design of an electrically tunable and rotatable polarizer based on a liquid crystal photonic bandgap filter” (submitted to IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.).

Boyd, R. W.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campopiano, S.

V. Italia, M. Pisco, S. Campopiano, A. Cusano, and A. Cutolo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cusano, A.

V. Italia, M. Pisco, S. Campopiano, A. Cusano, and A. Cutolo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cutolo, A.

V. Italia, M. Pisco, S. Campopiano, A. Cusano, and A. Cutolo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ebnali-Heidari, M.

Edge, C.

A. Molony, C. Edge, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 31, 1485 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Engan, H. E.

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauthier, D. J.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grillet, C.

Guo, Y.

Haakestad, M. W.

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hamann, H. F.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, Nature 438, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Italia, V.

V. Italia, M. Pisco, S. Campopiano, A. Cusano, and A. Cutolo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kriezis, E. E.

Laegsgaard, J.

Lægsgaard, J.

Libori, S. E. B.

Liu, Z.

McNab, S. J.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, Nature 438, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Molony, A.

A. Molony, C. Edge, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 31, 1485 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Monat, C.

Mørk, J.

F. Öhman, K. Yvind, and J. Mørk, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 1145 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, M. D.

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O'Boyle, M.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, Nature 438, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Öhman, F.

F. Öhman, K. Yvind, and J. Mørk, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 1145 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Okawachi, Y.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pisco, M.

V. Italia, M. Pisco, S. Campopiano, A. Cusano, and A. Cutolo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Riishede, J.

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schweinsberg, A.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scolari, L.

J. Weirich, J. Laegsgaard, L. Scolari, L. Wei, T. T. Alkeskjold, and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Express 17, 4442 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Seeds, J.

Sharping, J. E.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsiboukis, T. D.

Vlasov, Y. A.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, Nature 438, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, L.

J. Weirich, J. Laegsgaard, L. Scolari, L. Wei, T. T. Alkeskjold, and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Express 17, 4442 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wei, T. T. Alkeskjold, and A. Bjarklev, “Compact design of an electrically tunable and rotatable polarizer based on a liquid crystal photonic bandgap filter” (submitted to IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.).

Weirich, J.

Williams, K. J.

Yao, J.

Yvind, K.

F. Öhman, K. Yvind, and J. Mørk, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 1145 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zheng, X.

Zhou, B.

Zhu, Z.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zografopoulos, C.

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Molony, C. Edge, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 31, 1485 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. Italia, M. Pisco, S. Campopiano, A. Cusano, and A. Cutolo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

F. Öhman, K. Yvind, and J. Mørk, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 1145 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

T. Baba, Nat. Photonics 2, 465 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, Nature 438, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

L. Wei, T. T. Alkeskjold, and A. Bjarklev, “Compact design of an electrically tunable and rotatable polarizer based on a liquid crystal photonic bandgap filter” (submitted to IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for investigating the rf phase shift or time delay in the LCPBG fiber device. The inset is the cross section of this compact LCPBG fiber device with the electric connection in bipolar mode. (b) Transmission spectrum of this LCPBG fiber device for different voltages. The black dotted line is the optical carrier at 1510 nm used in experiments.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Radio-frequency phase shift and relative rf power change versus the driving voltage for different modulation frequencies; (b) rf phase shifts and corresponding time delay as a function of the modulation frequency for different driving voltages.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time-resolved rf phase shift at 15 GHz when a 1 kHz sine driving voltage is amplitude modulated by a 1 Hz square envelope. Dots are experimental results with a solid line by exponential fitting.

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