Abstract

We report a type of hybrid optical fiber created by filling the central hole of a silica hollow optical fiber (HOF) with an organic polymer to serve as the core. After suitable curing of the polymer filling of the HOF, a self-assembled one-dimensional polymer–air periodic structure was created without the need for an amplitude mask. This acts as a long-period fiber grating device with an axial refractive index modulation. Details of the fabrication method for the hybrid fiber grating and its transmission spectra analysis are reported.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (2)

W. Shin, B.-A. Yu, Y. L. Lee, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, Opt. Fiber Technol. 14, 323 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. Ha, K. Oh, Y. Jung, J. K. Kim, W. Shin, I.-B. Sohn, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 53, 3814 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

K. R. Sohn, J. H. Shim, and K. T. Kim, J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 10, 63 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (5)

2003 (1)

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R49 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

Bhatia, V.

Brambilla, G.

Chern, G. -W.

Chiang, K. S.

K. P. Lor, Q. Liu, and K. S. Chiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 594 (2005).
[Crossref]

Choi, S.

Davis, D. D.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[Crossref]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Gaylord, T. K.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[Crossref]

Glytsis, E. N.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ha, W.

W. Ha, K. Oh, Y. Jung, J. K. Kim, W. Shin, I.-B. Sohn, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 53, 3814 (2008).
[Crossref]

James, S. W.

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R49 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jung, Y.

W. Ha, K. Oh, Y. Jung, J. K. Kim, W. Shin, I.-B. Sohn, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 53, 3814 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Oh, S. Choi, Y. Jung, and J. W. Lee, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 524 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kalachev, A. I.

Kim, J. K.

W. Ha, K. Oh, Y. Jung, J. K. Kim, W. Shin, I.-B. Sohn, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 53, 3814 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, K. T.

K. R. Sohn, J. H. Shim, and K. T. Kim, J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 10, 63 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kino, G. S.

Ko, D. -K.

W. Ha, K. Oh, Y. Jung, J. K. Kim, W. Shin, I.-B. Sohn, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 53, 3814 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. Shin, B.-A. Yu, Y. L. Lee, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, Opt. Fiber Technol. 14, 323 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kosinski, S. G.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kwon, M. S.

M. S. Kwon and S. Y. Shin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 145 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.

W. Ha, K. Oh, Y. Jung, J. K. Kim, W. Shin, I.-B. Sohn, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 53, 3814 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. Shin, B.-A. Yu, Y. L. Lee, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, Opt. Fiber Technol. 14, 323 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. W.

Lee, Y. L.

W. Shin, B.-A. Yu, Y. L. Lee, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, Opt. Fiber Technol. 14, 323 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Lin, C. -Y.

Liu, Q.

K. P. Lor, Q. Liu, and K. S. Chiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 594 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lor, K. P.

K. P. Lor, Q. Liu, and K. S. Chiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 594 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mettler, S. C.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[Crossref]

Nikogosyan, D. N.

Noh, Y. -C.

W. Shin, B.-A. Yu, Y. L. Lee, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, Opt. Fiber Technol. 14, 323 (2008).
[Crossref]

Oh, K.

W. Ha, K. Oh, Y. Jung, J. K. Kim, W. Shin, I.-B. Sohn, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 53, 3814 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Oh, S. Choi, Y. Jung, and J. W. Lee, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 524 (2005).
[Crossref]

Savin, S.

Shaw, H. J.

Shim, J. H.

K. R. Sohn, J. H. Shim, and K. T. Kim, J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 10, 63 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shin, S. Y.

M. S. Kwon and S. Y. Shin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 145 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shin, W.

W. Ha, K. Oh, Y. Jung, J. K. Kim, W. Shin, I.-B. Sohn, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 53, 3814 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. Shin, B.-A. Yu, Y. L. Lee, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, Opt. Fiber Technol. 14, 323 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sohn, I. -B.

W. Ha, K. Oh, Y. Jung, J. K. Kim, W. Shin, I.-B. Sohn, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 53, 3814 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sohn, K. R.

K. R. Sohn, J. H. Shim, and K. T. Kim, J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 10, 63 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tam, H. Y.

Tatam, R. P.

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R49 (2003).
[Crossref]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[Crossref]

V. Bhatia and A. M. Vengsarkar, Opt. Lett. 21, 692 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L. A.

Xu, L.

Yu, B. -A.

W. Shin, B.-A. Yu, Y. L. Lee, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, Opt. Fiber Technol. 14, 323 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. S. Kwon and S. Y. Shin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 145 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. P. Lor, Q. Liu, and K. S. Chiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 594 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Korean Phys. Soc. (1)

W. Ha, K. Oh, Y. Jung, J. K. Kim, W. Shin, I.-B. Sohn, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 53, 3814 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Kor. (1)

K. R. Sohn, J. H. Shim, and K. T. Kim, J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 10, 63 (2006).
[Crossref]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R49 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

W. Shin, B.-A. Yu, Y. L. Lee, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, Opt. Fiber Technol. 14, 323 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic fabrication procedure for self-assembled polymer core gratings in a silica HOF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photograph of fabricated self-assembled grating along the polymer core inside a silica HOF. Inset, magnified image near the core. Cross sections at axial positions (a) and (b) are shown in Fig. 3.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Cross section of hybrid fiber (a) completely and (b) partially filled with cured polymer. (c) A cross section of the HOF without polymer filling. Their corresponding schematic diagrams are in the third column.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Effective indices of the fundamental core mode at 1.55 μm wavelength in the partially filled cores based on FEM simulation. Solid polymer refractive indices were (a) 1.45 and (b) 1.51, respectively. The void in the core reduced the effective index of the fundamental mode.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measurement setup for transmission of the self-assembled hybrid LPG.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Transmission spectrum of the UV curable polymer LPG in silica HOF along with photographs of the fabricated LPG. (b) Transmission spectrum of the thermally curable polymer LPG in silica HOF along with photograph of the fabricated LPG.

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