Abstract

Simultaneous and independent active Q switching and active mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser is demonstrated using all-fiber modulation techniques. A magnetostrictive rod attached to the output fiber Bragg grating modulates the Q factor of the Fabry–Perot cavity, whereas active mode locking is achieved by amplitude modulation with a Bragg-grating-based acousto-optic device. Fully modulated Q-switched mode-locked trains of optical pulses were obtained for a wide range of pump powers and repetition rates. For a Q-switched repetition rate of 500Hz and a pump power of 100mW, the laser generates trains of 12–14 mode-locked pulses of about 1ns each, within an envelope of 550ns, an overall energy of 0.65μJ, and a peak power higher than 250W for the central pulses of the train.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

N. Myren and W. Margulis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2047 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Imai, T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, and M. Nakazawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1275 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

Y. Gan, W. H. Xiang, and G. Z. Zhang, Laser Phys. 19, 445 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, W. Y. Oh, B. Y. Kim, H. W. Lee, and Y. W. Koh, Opt. Commun. 149, 312 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Doubly active Q-switched mode-locked all-fiber laser setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflection spectrum of the AOM-FBG when an RF signal of 4.55 MHz and 16 V (peak-to-peak) is applied to the piezoelectric (left ordinate). Transmissivity of FBG 2 (solid curve) for zero coil current; the dotted curve shows the new spectral position of FBG 2 for a dc coil current of 100 mA (right ordinate).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Q-switched mode-locked train of pulses. (b) Single Q-switched pulse enveloping a train of 12–14 mode-locked pulses; the inset shows a single mode-locked pulse. (c) Single Q-switched pulse with no mode locking. (d) CW mode locking operation of the laser with no Q switching. In all cases, the pump power was 70 mW .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Energy of QML pulses as a function of the pump power for a repetition rate of 500 Hz .

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