Abstract

We address the existence and properties of optical solitons excited in thermal nonlinear media with a transverse refractive index gradient. The interplay between the nonlocality of the thermal nonlinearity and the linear refractive index enables generating controllable switching from surface soliton propagating near the sample edges to bulk solitons. Beam steering associated with the different soliton output locations can be achieved by varying the input light intensity.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  2. D. Mihalache, M. Bertolotti, and C. Sibilia, Prog. Opt. 27, 229 (1989).
  3. K. G. Makris, S. Suntsov, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, and A. Hache, Opt. Lett. 30, 2466 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. S. Suntsov, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, A. Hache, R. Morandotti, H. Yang, G. Salamo, and M. Sorel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063901 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. Y. V. Kartashov, V. A. Vysloukh, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 073901 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. C. R. Rosberg, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Mitchell, R. A. Vicencio, M. I. Molina, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083901 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. E. Smirnov, M. Stepic, C. E. Rüter, D. Kip, and V. Shandarov, Opt. Lett. 31, 2338 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. W. Krolikowski, O. Bang, N. I. Nikolov, D. Neshev, J. Wyller, J. J. Rasmussen, and D. Edmundson, J. Opt. B 6, S288 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  9. C. Conti, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 073901 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. B. Alfassi, C. Rotschild, O. Manela, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 32, 154 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Alberucci, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Opt. Lett. 32, 2795 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. F. Ye, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. A 77, 043821 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  14. B. Alfassi, C. Rotschild, O. Manela, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213901 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. Y. V. Kartashov, F. Ye, V. A. Vysloukh, and L. Torner, Opt. Lett. 32, 2260 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. F. Ye, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033829 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  17. F. Ye, L. Dong, and B. Hu, Opt. Lett. 34, 584 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. A. Barak, O. Peleg, C. Stucchio, A. Soffer, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 153901 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. M. Peccianti, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 153902 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. G. Assanto, A. A. Minzoni, M. Peccianti, and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. A 79, 033837 (2009).
    [Crossref]

2009 (2)

F. Ye, L. Dong, and B. Hu, Opt. Lett. 34, 584 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Assanto, A. A. Minzoni, M. Peccianti, and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. A 79, 033837 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

A. Barak, O. Peleg, C. Stucchio, A. Soffer, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 153901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peccianti, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 153902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ye, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. A 77, 043821 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Ye, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033829 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (4)

2006 (5)

S. Suntsov, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, A. Hache, R. Morandotti, H. Yang, G. Salamo, and M. Sorel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. V. Kartashov, V. A. Vysloukh, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 073901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Rosberg, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Mitchell, R. A. Vicencio, M. I. Molina, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Smirnov, M. Stepic, C. E. Rüter, D. Kip, and V. Shandarov, Opt. Lett. 31, 2338 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

W. Krolikowski, O. Bang, N. I. Nikolov, D. Neshev, J. Wyller, J. J. Rasmussen, and D. Edmundson, J. Opt. B 6, S288 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

C. Conti, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 073901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

D. Mihalache, M. Bertolotti, and C. Sibilia, Prog. Opt. 27, 229 (1989).

Alberucci, A.

Alfassi, B.

B. Alfassi, C. Rotschild, O. Manela, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 32, 154 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Alfassi, C. Rotschild, O. Manela, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Assanto, G.

G. Assanto, A. A. Minzoni, M. Peccianti, and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. A 79, 033837 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Peccianti, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 153902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Alberucci, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Opt. Lett. 32, 2795 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Conti, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 073901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bang, O.

W. Krolikowski, O. Bang, N. I. Nikolov, D. Neshev, J. Wyller, J. J. Rasmussen, and D. Edmundson, J. Opt. B 6, S288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Barak, A.

A. Barak, O. Peleg, C. Stucchio, A. Soffer, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 153901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bertolotti, M.

D. Mihalache, M. Bertolotti, and C. Sibilia, Prog. Opt. 27, 229 (1989).

Carmon, T.

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christodoulides, D. N.

B. Alfassi, C. Rotschild, O. Manela, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Alfassi, C. Rotschild, O. Manela, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 32, 154 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Suntsov, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, A. Hache, R. Morandotti, H. Yang, G. Salamo, and M. Sorel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. G. Makris, S. Suntsov, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, and A. Hache, Opt. Lett. 30, 2466 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cohen, O.

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Conti, C.

C. Conti, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 073901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Desyatnikov, A. S.

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, L.

Dyadyusha, A.

M. Peccianti, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 153902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Edmundson, D.

W. Krolikowski, O. Bang, N. I. Nikolov, D. Neshev, J. Wyller, J. J. Rasmussen, and D. Edmundson, J. Opt. B 6, S288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hache, A.

S. Suntsov, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, A. Hache, R. Morandotti, H. Yang, G. Salamo, and M. Sorel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. G. Makris, S. Suntsov, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, and A. Hache, Opt. Lett. 30, 2466 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, B.

Kaczmarek, M.

M. Peccianti, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 153902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kartashov, Y. V.

F. Ye, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033829 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Ye, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. A 77, 043821 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. V. Kartashov, F. Ye, V. A. Vysloukh, and L. Torner, Opt. Lett. 32, 2260 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. V. Kartashov, V. A. Vysloukh, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 073901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kip, D.

Kivshar, Y. S.

C. R. Rosberg, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Mitchell, R. A. Vicencio, M. I. Molina, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krolikowski, W.

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Rosberg, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Mitchell, R. A. Vicencio, M. I. Molina, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Krolikowski, O. Bang, N. I. Nikolov, D. Neshev, J. Wyller, J. J. Rasmussen, and D. Edmundson, J. Opt. B 6, S288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lederer, F.

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Makris, K. G.

S. Suntsov, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, A. Hache, R. Morandotti, H. Yang, G. Salamo, and M. Sorel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. G. Makris, S. Suntsov, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, and A. Hache, Opt. Lett. 30, 2466 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manela, O.

B. Alfassi, C. Rotschild, O. Manela, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Alfassi, C. Rotschild, O. Manela, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 32, 154 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mihalache, D.

D. Mihalache, M. Bertolotti, and C. Sibilia, Prog. Opt. 27, 229 (1989).

Minzoni, A. A.

G. Assanto, A. A. Minzoni, M. Peccianti, and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. A 79, 033837 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mitchell, A.

C. R. Rosberg, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Mitchell, R. A. Vicencio, M. I. Molina, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Molina, M. I.

C. R. Rosberg, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Mitchell, R. A. Vicencio, M. I. Molina, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morandotti, R.

S. Suntsov, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, A. Hache, R. Morandotti, H. Yang, G. Salamo, and M. Sorel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neshev, D.

W. Krolikowski, O. Bang, N. I. Nikolov, D. Neshev, J. Wyller, J. J. Rasmussen, and D. Edmundson, J. Opt. B 6, S288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Neshev, D. N.

C. R. Rosberg, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Mitchell, R. A. Vicencio, M. I. Molina, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nikolov, N. I.

W. Krolikowski, O. Bang, N. I. Nikolov, D. Neshev, J. Wyller, J. J. Rasmussen, and D. Edmundson, J. Opt. B 6, S288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Peccianti, M.

G. Assanto, A. A. Minzoni, M. Peccianti, and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. A 79, 033837 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Peccianti, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 153902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Alberucci, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Opt. Lett. 32, 2795 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Conti, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 073901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peleg, O.

A. Barak, O. Peleg, C. Stucchio, A. Soffer, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 153901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pertsch, T.

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peschel, U.

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rasmussen, J. J.

W. Krolikowski, O. Bang, N. I. Nikolov, D. Neshev, J. Wyller, J. J. Rasmussen, and D. Edmundson, J. Opt. B 6, S288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rosberg, C. R.

C. R. Rosberg, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Mitchell, R. A. Vicencio, M. I. Molina, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rotschild, C.

B. Alfassi, C. Rotschild, O. Manela, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Alfassi, C. Rotschild, O. Manela, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 32, 154 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rüter, C. E.

Salamo, G.

S. Suntsov, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, A. Hache, R. Morandotti, H. Yang, G. Salamo, and M. Sorel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Segev, M.

A. Barak, O. Peleg, C. Stucchio, A. Soffer, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 153901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Alfassi, C. Rotschild, O. Manela, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Alfassi, C. Rotschild, O. Manela, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 32, 154 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shandarov, V.

Sibilia, C.

D. Mihalache, M. Bertolotti, and C. Sibilia, Prog. Opt. 27, 229 (1989).

Smirnov, E.

Smyth, N. F.

G. Assanto, A. A. Minzoni, M. Peccianti, and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. A 79, 033837 (2009).
[Crossref]

Soffer, A.

A. Barak, O. Peleg, C. Stucchio, A. Soffer, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 153901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sorel, M.

S. Suntsov, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, A. Hache, R. Morandotti, H. Yang, G. Salamo, and M. Sorel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stegeman, G. I.

S. Suntsov, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, A. Hache, R. Morandotti, H. Yang, G. Salamo, and M. Sorel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. G. Makris, S. Suntsov, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, and A. Hache, Opt. Lett. 30, 2466 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stepic, M.

Stucchio, C.

A. Barak, O. Peleg, C. Stucchio, A. Soffer, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 153901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sukhorukov, A. A.

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suntsov, S.

S. Suntsov, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, A. Hache, R. Morandotti, H. Yang, G. Salamo, and M. Sorel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. G. Makris, S. Suntsov, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, and A. Hache, Opt. Lett. 30, 2466 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Torner, L.

F. Ye, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033829 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Ye, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. A 77, 043821 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. V. Kartashov, F. Ye, V. A. Vysloukh, and L. Torner, Opt. Lett. 32, 2260 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. V. Kartashov, V. A. Vysloukh, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 073901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trompeter, H.

H. Trompeter, W. Krolikowski, D. N. Neshev, A. S. Desyatnikov, A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vicencio, R. A.

C. R. Rosberg, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Mitchell, R. A. Vicencio, M. I. Molina, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vysloukh, V. A.

Y. V. Kartashov, F. Ye, V. A. Vysloukh, and L. Torner, Opt. Lett. 32, 2260 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. V. Kartashov, V. A. Vysloukh, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 073901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wyller, J.

W. Krolikowski, O. Bang, N. I. Nikolov, D. Neshev, J. Wyller, J. J. Rasmussen, and D. Edmundson, J. Opt. B 6, S288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

S. Suntsov, K. G. Makris, D. N. Christodoulides, G. I. Stegeman, A. Hache, R. Morandotti, H. Yang, G. Salamo, and M. Sorel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, F.

F. Ye, L. Dong, and B. Hu, Opt. Lett. 34, 584 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ye, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. A 77, 043821 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Ye, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033829 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. V. Kartashov, F. Ye, V. A. Vysloukh, and L. Torner, Opt. Lett. 32, 2260 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Opt. B (1)

W. Krolikowski, O. Bang, N. I. Nikolov, D. Neshev, J. Wyller, J. J. Rasmussen, and D. Edmundson, J. Opt. B 6, S288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

G. Assanto, A. A. Minzoni, M. Peccianti, and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. A 79, 033837 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Ye, Y. V. Kartashov, and L. Torner, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033829 (2008).
[Crossref]

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Prog. Opt. (1)

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Other (1)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Profiles of (a) fundamental solitons at b = 1 (curve 1), 2.2 (curve 2), and 7 (curve 3) and (b) dipole solitons at b = 1 (curve 1), 2 (curve 2), and 7 (curve 3). (c) Total refractive index distributions corresponding to solitons shown in (a). In all cases a = 0.08 . Dashed lines indicate boundaries of thermal medium.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Energy flow versus propagation constant and (b) position of integral soliton center versus energy flow for fundamental and dipole solitons. Points marked by circles in (a) and (b) correspond to solitons in Fig. 1a. (c) Real part of perturbation growth rate versus propagation constant for dipole solitons. (d) Output beam center position versus U for η in = 0 . In all cases a = 0.08 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Propagation dynamics of solitons in thermal sample with a = 0.08 for (a) U = 0.15 , (b) 0.16, and (c) 0.17. The initial soliton center position in all cases was η in = 8 .

Equations (2)

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i q ξ = 1 2 2 q η 2 q n + a η q , 2 n η 2 = | q | 2 for | η | L 2 ,
i q ξ = 1 2 2 q η 2 q n d for | η | > L 2 .

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