Abstract

A binocular adaptive optics visual simulator is presented. The instrument allows for measuring and manipulating ocular aberrations of the two eyes simultaneously, while the subject performs visual testing under binocular vision. An important feature of the apparatus consists on the use of a single correcting device and wavefront sensor. Aberrations are controlled by means of a liquid-crystal-on-silicon spatial light modulator, where the two pupils of the subject are projected. Aberrations from the two eyes are measured with a single Hartmann-Shack sensor. As an example of the potential of the apparatus for the study of the impact of the eye's aberrations on binocular vision, results of contrast sensitivity after addition of spherical aberration are presented for one subject. Different binocular combinations of spherical aberration were explored. Results suggest complex binocular interactions in the presence of monochromatic aberrations. The technique and the instrument might contribute to the better understanding of binocular vision and to the search for optimized ophthalmic corrections.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009

2008

M. Kobayashi, N. Nakazawa, T. Yamaguchi, T. Otaki, Y. Hirohara, and T. Mihashi, Appl. Opt. 47, 4619 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Jiménez, J. J. Castro, R. Jiménez, and E. Hita, Optom. Vision Sci. 85, 174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Hampson, S. S. Chin, and E. A. H. Mallen, J. Mod. Opt. 55, 703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

P. Artal, A. Benito, and J. Tabernero, J. Vision 6, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

P. Artal, L. Chen, E. J. Fernández, B. Singer, S. Manzanera, and D. R. Williams, J. Vision 4, 281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

E. J. Fernández, S. Manzanera, P. Piers, and P. Artal, J. Refract. Surg. 18, 634 (2002).

2001

2000

1997

1992

1983

A. B. Watson and D. G. Pelli, Percept. Psychophys. 33, 113 (1983).

1965

F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, Nature 208, 191 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Artal, P.

Ayala, D. B.

Benito, A.

P. Artal, A. Benito, and J. Tabernero, J. Vision 6, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, F. W.

F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, Nature 208, 191 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Castro, J. J.

J. R. Jiménez, J. J. Castro, R. Jiménez, and E. Hita, Optom. Vision Sci. 85, 174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

P. Artal, L. Chen, E. J. Fernández, B. Singer, S. Manzanera, and D. R. Williams, J. Vision 4, 281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. S.

K. M. Hampson, S. S. Chin, and E. A. H. Mallen, J. Mod. Opt. 55, 703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fernández, E. J.

E. J. Fernández, P. M. Prieto, and P. Artal, Opt. Express 17, 11013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Artal, L. Chen, E. J. Fernández, B. Singer, S. Manzanera, and D. R. Williams, J. Vision 4, 281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Fernández, S. Manzanera, P. Piers, and P. Artal, J. Refract. Surg. 18, 634 (2002).

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[CrossRef]

Goelz, S.

Green, D. G.

F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, Nature 208, 191 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Hampson, K. M.

K. M. Hampson, S. S. Chin, and E. A. H. Mallen, J. Mod. Opt. 55, 703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hirohara, Y.

Hita, E.

J. R. Jiménez, J. J. Castro, R. Jiménez, and E. Hita, Optom. Vision Sci. 85, 174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Iglesias, I.

Jiménez, J. R.

J. R. Jiménez, J. J. Castro, R. Jiménez, and E. Hita, Optom. Vision Sci. 85, 174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiménez, R.

J. R. Jiménez, J. J. Castro, R. Jiménez, and E. Hita, Optom. Vision Sci. 85, 174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, M.

Liang, J.

Lindacher, J. M.

Mallen, E. A. H.

K. M. Hampson, S. S. Chin, and E. A. H. Mallen, J. Mod. Opt. 55, 703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Manzanera, S.

S. Manzanera, P. M. Prieto, D. B. Ayala, J. M. Lindacher, and P. Artal, Opt. Express 15, 16177 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Artal, L. Chen, E. J. Fernández, B. Singer, S. Manzanera, and D. R. Williams, J. Vision 4, 281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Fernández, S. Manzanera, P. Piers, and P. Artal, J. Refract. Surg. 18, 634 (2002).

Mihashi, T.

Nakazawa, N.

Navarro, R.

Otaki, T.

Pelli, D. G.

A. B. Watson and D. G. Pelli, Percept. Psychophys. 33, 113 (1983).

Piers, P.

E. J. Fernández, S. Manzanera, P. Piers, and P. Artal, J. Refract. Surg. 18, 634 (2002).

Prieto, P. M.

Singer, B.

P. Artal, L. Chen, E. J. Fernández, B. Singer, S. Manzanera, and D. R. Williams, J. Vision 4, 281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tabernero, J.

P. Artal, A. Benito, and J. Tabernero, J. Vision 6, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vargas-Martin, F.

Watson, A. B.

A. B. Watson and D. G. Pelli, Percept. Psychophys. 33, 113 (1983).

Williams, D. R.

P. Artal, L. Chen, E. J. Fernández, B. Singer, S. Manzanera, and D. R. Williams, J. Vision 4, 281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Liang and D. R. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 2873 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, T.

Appl. Opt.

J. Mod. Opt.

K. M. Hampson, S. S. Chin, and E. A. H. Mallen, J. Mod. Opt. 55, 703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

J. Refract. Surg.

E. J. Fernández, S. Manzanera, P. Piers, and P. Artal, J. Refract. Surg. 18, 634 (2002).

J. Vision

P. Artal, A. Benito, and J. Tabernero, J. Vision 6, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Artal, L. Chen, E. J. Fernández, B. Singer, S. Manzanera, and D. R. Williams, J. Vision 4, 281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature

F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, Nature 208, 191 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Optom. Vision Sci.

J. R. Jiménez, J. J. Castro, R. Jiménez, and E. Hita, Optom. Vision Sci. 85, 174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Percept. Psychophys.

A. B. Watson and D. G. Pelli, Percept. Psychophys. 33, 113 (1983).

Other

American National Standards Institute, Methods for Reporting Optical Aberrations of Eyes, Z80.28-2004 (ANSI, 2004).

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