Abstract

An optical frequency synthesizer is used for saturation spectroscopy of acetylene near 1540nm. In the synthesizer, a user-specified frequency is generated from an atomic time base by phase locking the second harmonic of a cw near-IR external-cavity diode laser (ECDL) to a Ti:sapphire frequency comb. By stepping the repetition rate of the frequency comb, the ECDL frequency is swept over an acetylene transition in a saturated absorption spectroscopy setup. Hence, a spectral lineshape is measured with an absolute frequency scale. Line-center frequencies determined by fitting theoretical line profiles to the measured data are in good agreement with values measured with the ECDL stabilized to acetylene by third-harmonic locking and with the values recommended by the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM).

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. C. Stowe, M. J. Thorpe, A. Péer, J. Ye, J. E. Stalnaker, V. Gerginov, and S. A. Diddams, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 55, 1 (2008), and references therein.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

V. Ahtee, M. Merimaa, and K. Nyholm, Opt. Express 17, 4890 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Ahtee, M. Merimaa, and K. Nyholm, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

M. C. Stowe, M. J. Thorpe, A. Péer, J. Ye, J. E. Stalnaker, V. Gerginov, and S. A. Diddams, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 55, 1 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

M. Merimaa, K. Nyholm, M. Vainio, and A. Lassila, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 56, 500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Hald, J. C. Petersen, and J. Henningsen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

S. E. Park, H. S. Lee, T. Y. Kwon, and H. Cho, Opt. Commun. 192, 49 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1994 (1)

Ch. Chardonnet, F. Guernet, G. Charton, and Ch. J. Bordé, Appl. Phys. B 59, 333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, and D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Ahtee, V.

V. Ahtee, M. Merimaa, and K. Nyholm, Opt. Express 17, 4890 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Ahtee, M. Merimaa, and K. Nyholm, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bitou, Y.

Bordé, C. J.

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, and D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Bordé, Ch. J.

Ch. Chardonnet, F. Guernet, G. Charton, and Ch. J. Bordé, Appl. Phys. B 59, 333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chardonnet, Ch.

Ch. Chardonnet, F. Guernet, G. Charton, and Ch. J. Bordé, Appl. Phys. B 59, 333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Charton, G.

Ch. Chardonnet, F. Guernet, G. Charton, and Ch. J. Bordé, Appl. Phys. B 59, 333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cho, H.

S. E. Park, H. S. Lee, T. Y. Kwon, and H. Cho, Opt. Commun. 192, 49 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

M. C. Stowe, M. J. Thorpe, A. Péer, J. Ye, J. E. Stalnaker, V. Gerginov, and S. A. Diddams, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 55, 1 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Dube, P.

Feder, K.

Fox, R.

Gerginov, V.

M. C. Stowe, M. J. Thorpe, A. Péer, J. Ye, J. E. Stalnaker, V. Gerginov, and S. A. Diddams, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 55, 1 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Guernet, F.

Ch. Chardonnet, F. Guernet, G. Charton, and Ch. J. Bordé, Appl. Phys. B 59, 333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hald, J.

J. Hald, J. C. Petersen, and J. Henningsen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

L.-S. Ma, J. Ye, P. Dube, and J. L. Hall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2255 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, and D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Henningsen, J.

J. Hald, J. C. Petersen, and J. Henningsen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, F.-L.

Hummer, D. G.

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, and D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Ikegami, T.

Inaba, H.

Jørgensen, C.

Kim, E. B.

Kunasz, C. V.

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, and D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, T. Y.

Lassila, A.

M. Merimaa, K. Nyholm, M. Vainio, and A. Lassila, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 56, 500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. S.

S. E. Park, H. S. Lee, T. Y. Kwon, and H. Cho, Opt. Commun. 192, 49 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.-S.

Matsumoto, H.

Merimaa, M.

V. Ahtee, M. Merimaa, and K. Nyholm, Opt. Express 17, 4890 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Ahtee, M. Merimaa, and K. Nyholm, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Merimaa, K. Nyholm, M. Vainio, and A. Lassila, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 56, 500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Minoshima, K.

Moon, H. S.

Newbury, N.

Nicholson, J.

Nyholm, K.

V. Ahtee, M. Merimaa, and K. Nyholm, Opt. Express 17, 4890 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Ahtee, M. Merimaa, and K. Nyholm, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Merimaa, K. Nyholm, M. Vainio, and A. Lassila, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 56, 500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Onae, A.

Park, C. Y.

Park, S. E.

Park, Y.-H.

Péer, A.

M. C. Stowe, M. J. Thorpe, A. Péer, J. Ye, J. E. Stalnaker, V. Gerginov, and S. A. Diddams, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 55, 1 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Petersen, J. C.

J. Hald, J. C. Petersen, and J. Henningsen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schibli, T. R.

Stalnaker, J. E.

M. C. Stowe, M. J. Thorpe, A. Péer, J. Ye, J. E. Stalnaker, V. Gerginov, and S. A. Diddams, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 55, 1 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Stowe, M. C.

M. C. Stowe, M. J. Thorpe, A. Péer, J. Ye, J. E. Stalnaker, V. Gerginov, and S. A. Diddams, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 55, 1 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Thorpe, M. J.

M. C. Stowe, M. J. Thorpe, A. Péer, J. Ye, J. E. Stalnaker, V. Gerginov, and S. A. Diddams, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 55, 1 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Vainio, M.

M. Merimaa, K. Nyholm, M. Vainio, and A. Lassila, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 56, 500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Washburn, B.

Westbrook, P.

Ye, J.

M. C. Stowe, M. J. Thorpe, A. Péer, J. Ye, J. E. Stalnaker, V. Gerginov, and S. A. Diddams, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 55, 1 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

L.-S. Ma, J. Ye, P. Dube, and J. L. Hall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2255 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yee, D. S.

Yoon, T. H.

Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

M. C. Stowe, M. J. Thorpe, A. Péer, J. Ye, J. E. Stalnaker, V. Gerginov, and S. A. Diddams, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 55, 1 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Ch. Chardonnet, F. Guernet, G. Charton, and Ch. J. Bordé, Appl. Phys. B 59, 333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (2)

V. Ahtee, M. Merimaa, and K. Nyholm, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Merimaa, K. Nyholm, M. Vainio, and A. Lassila, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 56, 500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. E. Park, H. S. Lee, T. Y. Kwon, and H. Cho, Opt. Commun. 192, 49 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, and D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Hald, J. C. Petersen, and J. Henningsen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

MEP 2005, CIPM recommended values for absorbing molecule C213H2, http://www.bipm.org/utils/common/pdf/mep/M-e-P_C2H2_1.54.pdf.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: A, attenuator; DVM, digital volt meter; PC, computer; PZT, piezoelectric transducer; WDM, wavelength division multiplexer. PLL, phase-locked loop. Other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scan over the P ( 16 ) line. The inset is a scan with better resolution over the Lamb dip.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured P ( 16 ) line (circles), a Lorentzian fit (dashed curve), Lorentzian + dispersive fit (solid curve). (b) Residuals of the fits respectively, on the same scale but with the residual values multiplied by 10 and shifted vertically for clarity. The average of the residuals is one order of magnitude lower for the Lorentzian + dispersive fit.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measured Frequencies of Five C 2 13 H 2 Lines a

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