Abstract

It is shown that the influence of atomic autoionizing states on the phase matching of high harmonic generation results in efficient selection of the single harmonic generated in the plateau region. The change of relative concentration of the atomic medium components and variation of the fundamental laser frequency can be used for tuning of the selected harmonic frequency. The possibility of achievement of contrast for the selected single harmonic of more than 104 at intensity conversion efficiency of 103 has been shown.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2007 (4)

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Seres, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Seres, Ch. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Nat. Phys. 3, 878 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hansen, H. Kjeldsen, F. Folkmann, M. Martins, and J. B. West, J. Phys. B 40, 293 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Milošević, J. Phys. B 40, 3367 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Milošević, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 308 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 80, 277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Taieb, V. Veniard, J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Kjeldsen, P. Andersen, F. Folkmann, J. E. Hansen, M. Kitajima, and T. Andersen, J. Phys. B 35, 2845 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L'Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Ammosov, M. V.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Andersen, P.

H. Kjeldsen, P. Andersen, F. Folkmann, J. E. Hansen, M. Kitajima, and T. Andersen, J. Phys. B 35, 2845 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, T.

H. Kjeldsen, P. Andersen, F. Folkmann, J. E. Hansen, M. Kitajima, and T. Andersen, J. Phys. B 35, 2845 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Arora, V.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balcou, Ph.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L'Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, R.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, R. A.

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, W.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bonora, S.

Chakera, J. A.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chakravarty, U.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christov, I. P.

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cohen, O.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L'Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

Delone, N. B.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Durfee, C. G.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Figueira de Morisson Faria, C.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Folkmann, F.

J. E. Hansen, H. Kjeldsen, F. Folkmann, M. Martins, and J. B. West, J. Phys. B 40, 293 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Kjeldsen, P. Andersen, F. Folkmann, J. E. Hansen, M. Kitajima, and T. Andersen, J. Phys. B 35, 2845 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gerber, G.

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 80, 277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Green, H.

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gupta, P. D.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, J. E.

J. E. Hansen, H. Kjeldsen, F. Folkmann, M. Martins, and J. B. West, J. Phys. B 40, 293 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Kjeldsen, P. Andersen, F. Folkmann, J. E. Hansen, M. Kitajima, and T. Andersen, J. Phys. B 35, 2845 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Herne, C.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M. Yu.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L'Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khan, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kitajima, M.

H. Kjeldsen, P. Andersen, F. Folkmann, J. E. Hansen, M. Kitajima, and T. Andersen, J. Phys. B 35, 2845 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kjeldsen, H.

J. E. Hansen, H. Kjeldsen, F. Folkmann, M. Martins, and J. B. West, J. Phys. B 40, 293 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Kjeldsen, P. Andersen, F. Folkmann, J. E. Hansen, M. Kitajima, and T. Andersen, J. Phys. B 35, 2845 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kopold, R.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Krainov, V. P.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Krausz, F.

J. Seres, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Seres, Ch. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Nat. Phys. 3, 878 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kulagin, I. A.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lewenstein, M.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L'Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L'Huillier, A.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L'Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lytle, A. L.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maquet, A.

R. Taieb, V. Veniard, J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martins, M.

J. E. Hansen, H. Kjeldsen, F. Folkmann, M. Martins, and J. B. West, J. Phys. B 40, 293 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miloševic, D. B.

Misoguti, L.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Naik, P. A.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

Pascolini, M.

Paul, A.

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pfeifer, T.

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 80, 277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poletto, L.

Popmintchev, T.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Raghuramaiah, M.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Redkin, P. V.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reintjes, J.

J. Reintjes, Nonlinear Optical Parametric Processes in Liquids and Gases (Academic, 1984).

Rost, J. M.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, R. Kopold, W. Becker, and J. M. Rost, Phys. Rev. A 65, 023404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rundquist, A.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee III, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

Seres, E.

J. Seres, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Seres, Ch. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Nat. Phys. 3, 878 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Seres, J.

J. Seres, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Seres, Ch. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Nat. Phys. 3, 878 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Singhal, H.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 80, 277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, Ch.

J. Seres, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Seres, Ch. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Nat. Phys. 3, 878 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

Streli, Ch.

J. Seres, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Seres, Ch. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Nat. Phys. 3, 878 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Taieb, R.

R. Taieb, V. Veniard, J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tobey, R.

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tondello, G.

Vdovin, G.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Veniard, V.

R. Taieb, V. Veniard, J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Villoresi, P.

Vozzi, C.

Walter, D.

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 80, 277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wassaf, J.

R. Taieb, V. Veniard, J. Wassaf, and A. Maquet, Phys. Rev. A 68, 033403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weiman, S.

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, Nature 421, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

West, J. B.

J. E. Hansen, H. Kjeldsen, F. Folkmann, M. Martins, and J. B. West, J. Phys. B 40, 293 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Winterfeldt, C.

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 80, 277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wobrauschek, P.

J. Seres, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Seres, Ch. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Nat. Phys. 3, 878 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. S.

J. Seres, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Seres, Ch. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Nat. Phys. 3, 878 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zeek, E.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 80, 277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B (3)

H. Kjeldsen, P. Andersen, F. Folkmann, J. E. Hansen, M. Kitajima, and T. Andersen, J. Phys. B 35, 2845 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hansen, H. Kjeldsen, F. Folkmann, M. Martins, and J. B. West, J. Phys. B 40, 293 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dependences of phase mismatches for the 21st (left) and 23rd (right) harmonics on the fundamental wavelength at various CaII ion concentrations. The influence of free electrons is shown by the dashed lines at the concentrations N ep = N p (left) and N ep = 0.1 N p (right). N ep and N p are the concentrations of electrons and ions, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

High harmonic intensity distribution. The nonlinear responses of single ion and plasma medium are marked by the circles and triangles, respectively. Insert shows the dependences of 19th (dashed curve) and 21st (solid curve) harmonic intensities on the laser intensity.

Equations (1)

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I q ( t ) = [ 4 π Ω 2 N ( t ) d q k q c 2 L ] 2 sinh 2 Δ a ( t ) + sin 2 Δ q ( t ) Δ a 2 ( t ) + Δ q 2 ( t ) exp { [ α q ( t ) L 2 Δ a ( t ) ] } .

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