Abstract

A measurement of the hyperfine coefficients and isotope shifts for the atomic dysprosium 421.291nm transition (4f106s2,J=84f106s6p,J=9) using atomic beam laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy is presented. A King plot analysis is performed to determine a specific mass shift of δνsms164162=11(7)MHz for the 421nm transition, confirming the pure 4f106s6p configuration of the excited state. This transition is currently being explored for laser cooling of an atomic beam of dysprosium used in a search for a temporal variation of the fine-structure constant.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. M. Fregoso, K. Sun, E. Fradkin, and B. Lev, arXiv:0902.0739v2 (2009).
  2. L. Santos, G. V. Shlyapnikov, P. Zoller, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1791 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. B. Hill and J. J. McClelland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3128 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3453 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Leefer, A. Cingöz, D. Budker, S. J. Ferrell, V. V. Yaschuk, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, in Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, L.Maleki, ed. (World Scientific, 2009), pp. 34-43.
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Cingöz, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, N. Leefer, D. Budker, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 040801 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Végh, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 056107 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. J. Childs, Phys. Rev. A 2, 1692 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  14. I. I. Sobelman, Atomic Spectra and Radiative Transitions, 2nd ed. (Springer, 1992).
  15. C. I. Hancox, Ph.D. dissertation (Harvard, 2005).
  16. W. H. King, Isotope Shifts in Atomic Spectra (Plenum, 1984).
  17. G. J. Zaal, W. Hogervorst, E. R. Eliel, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and J. Blok, J. Phys. B 13, 2185 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  18. K. Heilig and A. Steudel, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 14, 613 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and D. P. DeMille, Atomic Physics: an Exploration Through Problems and Solutions, 2nd ed. (Oxford U. Press, 2008).
  20. E. E. Eliel, W. Hogervorst, G. J. Zaal, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and J. Blok, J. Phys. B 13, 2195 (1980).
    [CrossRef]

2008

C. Trefzger, C. Menotti, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. Cingöz, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, N. Leefer, D. Budker, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 040801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

J. Végh, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 056107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, Phys. Rev. A 69, 022105 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

J. Walls, R. Ashby, J. J. Clarke, B. Lu, and W. A. van Wijngaarden, Eur. Phys. J. D 22, 159 (2003).

S. B. Hill and J. J. McClelland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3128 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

L. Santos, G. V. Shlyapnikov, P. Zoller, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1791 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

J. J. Curry, E. A. Den Hartog, and J. E. Lawler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2788 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3453 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

D. Budker, D. DeMille, E. D. Commins, and M. S. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 50, 132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980

G. J. Zaal, W. Hogervorst, E. R. Eliel, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and J. Blok, J. Phys. B 13, 2185 (1980).
[CrossRef]

E. E. Eliel, W. Hogervorst, G. J. Zaal, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and J. Blok, J. Phys. B 13, 2195 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1974

K. Heilig and A. Steudel, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 14, 613 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1970

W. J. Childs, Phys. Rev. A 2, 1692 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Ashby, R.

J. Walls, R. Ashby, J. J. Clarke, B. Lu, and W. A. van Wijngaarden, Eur. Phys. J. D 22, 159 (2003).

Blok, J.

G. J. Zaal, W. Hogervorst, E. R. Eliel, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and J. Blok, J. Phys. B 13, 2185 (1980).
[CrossRef]

E. E. Eliel, W. Hogervorst, G. J. Zaal, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and J. Blok, J. Phys. B 13, 2195 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Budker, D.

A. Cingöz, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, N. Leefer, D. Budker, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 040801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, Phys. Rev. A 69, 022105 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3453 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. DeMille, E. D. Commins, and M. S. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 50, 132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Leefer, A. Cingöz, D. Budker, S. J. Ferrell, V. V. Yaschuk, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, in Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, L.Maleki, ed. (World Scientific, 2009), pp. 34-43.
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and D. P. DeMille, Atomic Physics: an Exploration Through Problems and Solutions, 2nd ed. (Oxford U. Press, 2008).

Childs, W. J.

W. J. Childs, Phys. Rev. A 2, 1692 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Cingöz, A.

A. Cingöz, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, N. Leefer, D. Budker, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 040801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Leefer, A. Cingöz, D. Budker, S. J. Ferrell, V. V. Yaschuk, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, in Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, L.Maleki, ed. (World Scientific, 2009), pp. 34-43.
[CrossRef]

Clarke, J. J.

J. Walls, R. Ashby, J. J. Clarke, B. Lu, and W. A. van Wijngaarden, Eur. Phys. J. D 22, 159 (2003).

Commins, E. D.

D. Budker, D. DeMille, E. D. Commins, and M. S. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 50, 132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Curry, J. J.

DeMille, D.

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3453 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. DeMille, E. D. Commins, and M. S. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 50, 132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeMille, D. P.

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and D. P. DeMille, Atomic Physics: an Exploration Through Problems and Solutions, 2nd ed. (Oxford U. Press, 2008).

Den Hartog, E. A.

Eliel, E. E.

E. E. Eliel, W. Hogervorst, G. J. Zaal, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and J. Blok, J. Phys. B 13, 2195 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Eliel, E. R.

G. J. Zaal, W. Hogervorst, E. R. Eliel, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and J. Blok, J. Phys. B 13, 2185 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ferrell, S. J.

N. Leefer, A. Cingöz, D. Budker, S. J. Ferrell, V. V. Yaschuk, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, in Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, L.Maleki, ed. (World Scientific, 2009), pp. 34-43.
[CrossRef]

Fradkin, E.

B. M. Fregoso, K. Sun, E. Fradkin, and B. Lev, arXiv:0902.0739v2 (2009).

Fregoso, B. M.

B. M. Fregoso, K. Sun, E. Fradkin, and B. Lev, arXiv:0902.0739v2 (2009).

Hancox, C. I.

C. I. Hancox, Ph.D. dissertation (Harvard, 2005).

Heilig, K.

K. Heilig and A. Steudel, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 14, 613 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Hill, S. B.

S. B. Hill and J. J. McClelland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3128 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hogervorst, W.

E. E. Eliel, W. Hogervorst, G. J. Zaal, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and J. Blok, J. Phys. B 13, 2195 (1980).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Zaal, W. Hogervorst, E. R. Eliel, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and J. Blok, J. Phys. B 13, 2185 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kimball, D. F.

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and D. P. DeMille, Atomic Physics: an Exploration Through Problems and Solutions, 2nd ed. (Oxford U. Press, 2008).

King, W. H.

W. H. King, Isotope Shifts in Atomic Spectra (Plenum, 1984).

Lamoreaux, S. K.

A. Cingöz, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, N. Leefer, D. Budker, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 040801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, Phys. Rev. A 69, 022105 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Leefer, A. Cingöz, D. Budker, S. J. Ferrell, V. V. Yaschuk, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, in Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, L.Maleki, ed. (World Scientific, 2009), pp. 34-43.
[CrossRef]

Lapierre, A.

A. Cingöz, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, N. Leefer, D. Budker, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 040801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Leefer, A. Cingöz, D. Budker, S. J. Ferrell, V. V. Yaschuk, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, in Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, L.Maleki, ed. (World Scientific, 2009), pp. 34-43.
[CrossRef]

Lawler, J. E.

Leefer, N.

A. Cingöz, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, N. Leefer, D. Budker, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 040801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Leefer, A. Cingöz, D. Budker, S. J. Ferrell, V. V. Yaschuk, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, in Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, L.Maleki, ed. (World Scientific, 2009), pp. 34-43.
[CrossRef]

Lev, B.

B. M. Fregoso, K. Sun, E. Fradkin, and B. Lev, arXiv:0902.0739v2 (2009).

Lewenstein, M.

C. Trefzger, C. Menotti, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Santos, G. V. Shlyapnikov, P. Zoller, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1791 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, B.

J. Walls, R. Ashby, J. J. Clarke, B. Lu, and W. A. van Wijngaarden, Eur. Phys. J. D 22, 159 (2003).

McClelland, J. J.

S. B. Hill and J. J. McClelland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3128 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Menotti, C.

C. Trefzger, C. Menotti, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, A. T.

A. Cingöz, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, N. Leefer, D. Budker, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 040801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, Phys. Rev. A 69, 022105 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3453 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Leefer, A. Cingöz, D. Budker, S. J. Ferrell, V. V. Yaschuk, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, in Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, L.Maleki, ed. (World Scientific, 2009), pp. 34-43.
[CrossRef]

Santos, L.

L. Santos, G. V. Shlyapnikov, P. Zoller, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1791 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shlyapnikov, G. V.

L. Santos, G. V. Shlyapnikov, P. Zoller, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1791 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sobelman, I. I.

I. I. Sobelman, Atomic Spectra and Radiative Transitions, 2nd ed. (Springer, 1992).

Steudel, A.

K. Heilig and A. Steudel, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 14, 613 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Sun, K.

B. M. Fregoso, K. Sun, E. Fradkin, and B. Lev, arXiv:0902.0739v2 (2009).

Torgerson, J. R.

A. Cingöz, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, N. Leefer, D. Budker, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 040801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, Phys. Rev. A 69, 022105 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Leefer, A. Cingöz, D. Budker, S. J. Ferrell, V. V. Yaschuk, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, in Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, L.Maleki, ed. (World Scientific, 2009), pp. 34-43.
[CrossRef]

Trefzger, C.

C. Trefzger, C. Menotti, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

van Leeuwen, K. A. H.

G. J. Zaal, W. Hogervorst, E. R. Eliel, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and J. Blok, J. Phys. B 13, 2185 (1980).
[CrossRef]

E. E. Eliel, W. Hogervorst, G. J. Zaal, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and J. Blok, J. Phys. B 13, 2195 (1980).
[CrossRef]

van Wijngaarden, W. A.

J. Walls, R. Ashby, J. J. Clarke, B. Lu, and W. A. van Wijngaarden, Eur. Phys. J. D 22, 159 (2003).

Végh, J.

J. Végh, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 056107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Walls, J.

J. Walls, R. Ashby, J. J. Clarke, B. Lu, and W. A. van Wijngaarden, Eur. Phys. J. D 22, 159 (2003).

Yaschuk, V. V.

N. Leefer, A. Cingöz, D. Budker, S. J. Ferrell, V. V. Yaschuk, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, in Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, L.Maleki, ed. (World Scientific, 2009), pp. 34-43.
[CrossRef]

Zaal, G. J.

G. J. Zaal, W. Hogervorst, E. R. Eliel, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and J. Blok, J. Phys. B 13, 2185 (1980).
[CrossRef]

E. E. Eliel, W. Hogervorst, G. J. Zaal, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and J. Blok, J. Phys. B 13, 2195 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Zoller, P.

L. Santos, G. V. Shlyapnikov, P. Zoller, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1791 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zolotorev, M.

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3453 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zolotorev, M. S.

D. Budker, D. DeMille, E. D. Commins, and M. S. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 50, 132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. B. Hill and J. J. McClelland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3128 (2003).
[CrossRef]

At. Data Nucl. Data Tables

K. Heilig and A. Steudel, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 14, 613 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D

J. Walls, R. Ashby, J. J. Clarke, B. Lu, and W. A. van Wijngaarden, Eur. Phys. J. D 22, 159 (2003).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. B

G. J. Zaal, W. Hogervorst, E. R. Eliel, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and J. Blok, J. Phys. B 13, 2185 (1980).
[CrossRef]

E. E. Eliel, W. Hogervorst, G. J. Zaal, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and J. Blok, J. Phys. B 13, 2195 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

W. J. Childs, Phys. Rev. A 2, 1692 (1970).
[CrossRef]

C. Trefzger, C. Menotti, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043604 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. DeMille, E. D. Commins, and M. S. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 50, 132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3453 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, Phys. Rev. A 69, 022105 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

L. Santos, G. V. Shlyapnikov, P. Zoller, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1791 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Cingöz, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, N. Leefer, D. Budker, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 040801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

J. Végh, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 056107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

B. M. Fregoso, K. Sun, E. Fradkin, and B. Lev, arXiv:0902.0739v2 (2009).

N. Leefer, A. Cingöz, D. Budker, S. J. Ferrell, V. V. Yaschuk, A. Lapierre, A. T. Nguyen, S. K. Lamoreaux, and J. R. Torgerson, in Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, L.Maleki, ed. (World Scientific, 2009), pp. 34-43.
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and D. P. DeMille, Atomic Physics: an Exploration Through Problems and Solutions, 2nd ed. (Oxford U. Press, 2008).

I. I. Sobelman, Atomic Spectra and Radiative Transitions, 2nd ed. (Springer, 1992).

C. I. Hancox, Ph.D. dissertation (Harvard, 2005).

W. H. King, Isotope Shifts in Atomic Spectra (Plenum, 1984).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Example scan over the 421 nm transition. (a) Fluorescence spectrum acquired with a PMT. The discrepancy in sideband amplitudes is caused by a change in second-harmonic generation efficiency as the laser is scanned significantly from the phase matched frequency. (b) The simultaneously acquired transmission signal of the 842 nm laser through a FP cavity. (c) Result of a nonlinear least-squares fit to a recorded spectrum.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Isotope shifts in the 421 nm transition versus isotope shifts in the 457 nm transition [17] normalized to the difference in nucleon number. The solid line is a least-squares linear fit weighted by uncertainties in the x and y directions. Inset, residuals between the measured isotope shifts and the fit.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Isotope Shifts for the 421 nm ( 4 f 10 6 s 2 I 8 5 4 f 10 6 s 6 p K 9 5 ) and 457 nm ( 4 f 10 6 s 2 I 8 5 4 f 10 6 s 6 p I 8 7 ) Transitions in Dy a

Tables Icon

Table 2 Measured Values for Hyperfine Coefficients A and B for the 4 f 10 6 s 6 p K 9 5 Excited State ( 23736.60 cm 1 ) in Dy a

Metrics