Abstract

We report on the fabrication of a monolithic fiber Fabry–Perot interferometer whose cavity is a microscopic air bubble. The latter is formed when splicing together a conventional single-mode fiber and an index-guiding photonic crystal fiber with the standard arc-discharge technique. Spherical microcavities with diameters ranging from 20 to 58 μm were fabricated with such a technique. The interferometers exhibited low thermal sensitivity (less than 1.0 pm/°C), high mechanical strength, broad operation wavelength range, and fringe contrast in the 8–12 dB range. The applications of the interferometers for strain sensing (up to 5000 μϵ) is demonstrated.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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Appl. Opt.

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E. Li, G. D. Peng, and X. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Villatoro, V. Finazzi, V. P. Minkovich, V. Pruneri, and G. Badenes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Z. Huang, Y. Zhu, X. Chen, and A. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. Shi, F. Lv, Z. Wang, L. Jin, J. J. Hu, Z. Liu, G. Kai, and X. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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C. E. Lee, W. N. Gibler, R. A. Atkins, and H. F. Taylor, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1376 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. Xiao, M. S. Demokan, W. Jin, Y. Wang, and C.-L. Zhao, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3563 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Sens. Actuators A

V. R. Machavaram, R. A. Badcock, and G. F. Fernando, Sens. Actuators A 138, 248 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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