Abstract

We report on the fabrication of a monolithic fiber Fabry–Perot interferometer whose cavity is a microscopic air bubble. The latter is formed when splicing together a conventional single-mode fiber and an index-guiding photonic crystal fiber with the standard arc-discharge technique. Spherical microcavities with diameters ranging from 20to58μm were fabricated with such a technique. The interferometers exhibited low thermal sensitivity (less than 1.0pm°C), high mechanical strength, broad operation wavelength range, and fringe contrast in the 812dB range. The applications of the interferometers for strain sensing (up to 5000μϵ) is demonstrated.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (5)

2007 (6)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

Z. Huang, Y. Zhu, X. Chen, and A. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

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[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

Atkins, R. A.

C. E. Lee, W. N. Gibler, R. A. Atkins, and H. F. Taylor, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1376 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Lee, R. A. Atkins, and H. F. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 13, 1038 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Badcock, R. A.

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[CrossRef]

Badenes, G.

J. Villatoro, V. Finazzi, V. P. Minkovich, V. Pruneri, and G. Badenes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Berkoff, T. A.

Brennan, D. D.

Chen, X.

X. Chen, F. Shen, Z. Wang, Z. Huang, and A. Wang, Appl. Opt. 45, 7760 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Huang, Y. Zhu, X. Chen, and A. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, G. H.

Chiang, K. S.

Choi, E. S.

Choi, H. Y.

Chong, J. H.

Cibula, E.

Demokan, M. S.

Deng, M.

Ding, X.

E. Li, G. D. Peng, and X. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.

Q. Shi, F. Lv, Z. Wang, L. Jin, J. J. Hu, Z. Liu, G. Kai, and X. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Donlagic, D.

Duan, D. W.

Fernando, G. F.

V. R. Machavaram, R. A. Badcock, and G. F. Fernando, Sens. Actuators A 138, 248 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Finazzi, V.

J. Villatoro, V. Finazzi, V. P. Minkovich, V. Pruneri, and G. Badenes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Friebele, E. J.

Gibler, W. N.

C. E. Lee, W. N. Gibler, R. A. Atkins, and H. F. Taylor, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1376 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y.

Hu, J. J.

Q. Shi, F. Lv, Z. Wang, L. Jin, J. J. Hu, Z. Liu, G. Kai, and X. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Z.

X. Chen, F. Shen, Z. Wang, Z. Huang, and A. Wang, Appl. Opt. 45, 7760 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Huang, Y. Zhu, X. Chen, and A. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jin, L.

Q. Shi, F. Lv, Z. Wang, L. Jin, J. J. Hu, Z. Liu, G. Kai, and X. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jin, W.

Kai, G.

Q. Shi, F. Lv, Z. Wang, L. Jin, J. J. Hu, Z. Liu, G. Kai, and X. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kersey, A. D.

Lee, B. H.

Lee, C. E.

C. E. Lee, W. N. Gibler, R. A. Atkins, and H. F. Taylor, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1376 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Lee, R. A. Atkins, and H. F. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 13, 1038 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, E.

E. Li, G. D. Peng, and X. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Liao, X.

Liu, W. J.

Liu, Z.

Q. Shi, F. Lv, Z. Wang, L. Jin, J. J. Hu, Z. Liu, G. Kai, and X. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lv, F.

Q. Shi, F. Lv, Z. Wang, L. Jin, J. J. Hu, Z. Liu, G. Kai, and X. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Machavaram, V. R.

V. R. Machavaram, R. A. Badcock, and G. F. Fernando, Sens. Actuators A 138, 248 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Minkovich, V. P.

J. Villatoro, V. Finazzi, V. P. Minkovich, V. Pruneri, and G. Badenes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Paek, U. C.

Park, K. S.

Park, S. J.

Peng, G. D.

E. Li, G. D. Peng, and X. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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J. Villatoro, V. Finazzi, V. P. Minkovich, V. Pruneri, and G. Badenes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Ran, Z. L.

Rao, M.

Rao, Y. J.

Shen, F.

Shi, Q.

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[CrossRef]

Sirkis, J. S.

Taylor, H. F.

Tsai, H.-L.

Villatoro, J.

J. Villatoro, V. Finazzi, V. P. Minkovich, V. Pruneri, and G. Badenes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wan, X.

Wang, A.

X. Chen, F. Shen, Z. Wang, Z. Huang, and A. Wang, Appl. Opt. 45, 7760 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Huang, Y. Zhu, X. Chen, and A. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Wang, Z.

Q. Shi, F. Lv, Z. Wang, L. Jin, J. J. Hu, Z. Liu, G. Kai, and X. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen, F. Shen, Z. Wang, Z. Huang, and A. Wang, Appl. Opt. 45, 7760 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, T.

Xiao, H.

Xiao, L.

Yang, X. C.

Zhao, C.-L.

Zhu, T.

Zhu, Y.

Z. Huang, Y. Zhu, X. Chen, and A. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

E. Li, G. D. Peng, and X. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Villatoro, V. Finazzi, V. P. Minkovich, V. Pruneri, and G. Badenes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 091109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Z. Huang, Y. Zhu, X. Chen, and A. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. Shi, F. Lv, Z. Wang, L. Jin, J. J. Hu, Z. Liu, G. Kai, and X. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

C. E. Lee, W. N. Gibler, R. A. Atkins, and H. F. Taylor, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1376 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. Xiao, M. S. Demokan, W. Jin, Y. Wang, and C.-L. Zhao, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3563 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Sens. Actuators A (1)

V. R. Machavaram, R. A. Badcock, and G. F. Fernando, Sens. Actuators A 138, 248 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of the interrogation setup highlighting the zone of the splice. LED, light-emitting diode; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer, FOC, fiber optic circulator; SMF, single-mode fiber; PCF, photonic crystal fiber. d is the diameter of the microcavity. The cross section of the PCF and a micrograph of the splice showing the microbubble are also shown.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Period as a function of the diameter of the microcavity measured at 1245–1345 (dots) and 1500–1600 (stars) nm wavelength range. The solid curves are fittings to the data. The inset shows the reflection spectrum over 250 nm of an interferometer with a cavity of 58 μ m .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Shift of the interference pattern observed in the 1245 1345 nm wavelength range as a function of temperature. The device had a cavity of d = 22 μ m . The inset shows the shift of one of the interference dips at 22 ° C (solid curve) and 500 ° C (dotted curve).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Shift of the interference pattern as a function of strain observed in a 26 μ m sample at 1290 ± 40 and in a 58 μ m sample at 1550 ± 30 nm . The continuous linear lines are fitting to the data. The inset shows the shift of one of the interference dips at 0 (solid curve), 2570 (dashed curve), and 4288 μ ϵ (dotted curve) of the 26 μ m sample.

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