Abstract

We demonstrated the mapping of the spatial oscillation of electric fields in the transverse plane of a femtosecond Bessel–Gaussian laser beam from the first principle of classical electrodynamics. An attosecond burst of electrons for probing the electric force was placed in the Bessel beam through photoemission with single isolated 276  as extreme ultraviolet pulses. The direction reversal of the electric field in adjacent Bessel rings was directly confirmed by observing the momentum shift of the probe electrons.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Durnin, J. Miceli, and J. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Arlt, V. Garcés-Chávez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, Opt. Commun. 197, 239 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Lu and J. Greenleaf, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 37, 438 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lönnqvist, J. Säily, J. Häkli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Räisänen, Electron. Lett. 37, 834 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071109 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Chini, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 161112 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Chini, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 161112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

J. Arlt, V. Garcés-Chávez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, Opt. Commun. 197, 239 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lönnqvist, J. Säily, J. Häkli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Räisänen, Electron. Lett. 37, 834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1990

J. Lu and J. Greenleaf, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 37, 438 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

J. Durnin, J. Miceli, and J. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ala-Laurinaho, J.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lönnqvist, J. Säily, J. Häkli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Räisänen, Electron. Lett. 37, 834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Arlt, J.

J. Arlt, V. Garcés-Chávez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, Opt. Commun. 197, 239 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Averchi, A.

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baltuska, A.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berlasso, R.

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Chini, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 161112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Chini, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 161112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chini, M.

M. Chini, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 161112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Couairon, A.

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dholakia, K.

J. Arlt, V. Garcés-Chávez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, Opt. Commun. 197, 239 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Di Trapani, P.

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Drescher, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durnin, J.

J. Durnin, J. Miceli, and J. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eberly, J.

J. Durnin, J. Miceli, and J. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faccio, D.

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Garcés-Chávez, V.

J. Arlt, V. Garcés-Chávez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, Opt. Commun. 197, 239 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gilbertson, S.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greenleaf, J.

J. Lu and J. Greenleaf, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 37, 438 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Häkli, J.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lönnqvist, J. Säily, J. Häkli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Räisänen, Electron. Lett. 37, 834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Heinzmann, U.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khan, S. D.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Chini, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 161112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleineberg, U.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolesik, M.

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, C.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lönnqvist, A.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lönnqvist, J. Säily, J. Häkli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Räisänen, Electron. Lett. 37, 834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J.

J. Lu and J. Greenleaf, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 37, 438 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mashiko, H.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Meltaus, J.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lönnqvist, J. Säily, J. Häkli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Räisänen, Electron. Lett. 37, 834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Miceli, J.

J. Durnin, J. Miceli, and J. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moloney, J. V.

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moon, E.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, C. M.

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Noponen, E.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lönnqvist, J. Säily, J. Häkli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Räisänen, Electron. Lett. 37, 834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Räisänen, A. V.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lönnqvist, J. Säily, J. Häkli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Räisänen, Electron. Lett. 37, 834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Säily, J.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lönnqvist, J. Säily, J. Häkli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Räisänen, Electron. Lett. 37, 834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Salo, J.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lönnqvist, J. Säily, J. Häkli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Räisänen, Electron. Lett. 37, 834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Salomaa, M. M.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lönnqvist, J. Säily, J. Häkli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Räisänen, Electron. Lett. 37, 834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Scrinzi, A.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shakya, M. M.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

J. Arlt, V. Garcés-Chávez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, Opt. Commun. 197, 239 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tackett, J.

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Chini, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 161112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Westerholm, J.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lönnqvist, J. Säily, J. Häkli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Räisänen, Electron. Lett. 37, 834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Westerwalbesloh, Th.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Chini, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, and Z. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 161112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lönnqvist, J. Säily, J. Häkli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Räisänen, Electron. Lett. 37, 834 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control

J. Lu and J. Greenleaf, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 37, 438 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. B

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

J. Arlt, V. Garcés-Chávez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, Opt. Commun. 197, 239 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

A. Averchi, D. Faccio, R. Berlasso, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. Durnin, J. Miceli, and J. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Science 305, 1267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the attosecond streak camera. BS, beam splitter; PZT, piezoelectric transducer; QP1 and QP2, quartz plates; M, spherical mirror; GJ1 and GJ2, gas targets; Al, aluminum filter; HM, hole-drilled mirror; L, lens.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measurement of isolated attosecond pulse generated by double optical gating with CRAB. (a) Measured CRAB trace. (b) Reconstructed CRAB trace. (C) Reconstructed XUV pulse shape (solid curve) and phase (dotted curve). (d) Reconstructed XUV spectrum (solid curve) and phase (dotted curve). Also shown is the measured XUV spectrum (dashed curve) without the streaking laser for marginal comparison.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Top panel) the lineout through the center of the image. (Bottom panel) CCD image of the focal spot of the streaking laser beam after reflection by the annular mirror.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Streaked photoelectron spectrum plotted as a function of the radial position of the streaking beam. (b) Electric field and intensity derived from (a).

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ϵ ( r , z , t ) = E 0 f ( t ) J 0 ( k r r ) cos ( k z z ω 0 t ) ,
| p ( r ) | t = = p 0 e t 0 ϵ ( r , t ) d t p 0 + e ω 0 E 0 J 0 ( k r r ) f ( t 0 ) sin ( t 0 ) .

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