Abstract

We investigate the metal enhanced fluorescence by silver nanospheres on a thin silver substrate. Experimental measurements for core/shell colloidal nanocrystals embedded in a polymer matrix show a fluorescence enhancement factor of about 9. We apply the discrete dipole approximation method to describe the local-field enhancement factor (LFEF). We find that the observed fluorescence enhancement is related to the broad LFEF profile induced by the substrate.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer Science-Business Media LLC, 2007).
  2. E. Fort and S. Grésillon, J. Phys. D 41, 013001 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S.-H. Guo, S.-J. Tsai, H.-C. Kan, D.-H. Tsai, M. R. Zachariah, and R. J. Phaneuf, Adv. Mater. 20, 1424 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. Della Torre, F. Della Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, Nat. Nanotechnol. 1, 126 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Sabella, G. Vecchio, R. Cingolani, R. Rinaldi, and P. P. Pompa, Langmuir 24, 13266 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. S. Chi, H. R. Byon, B. S. Lee, B. Kong, H. C. Choi, and I. S. Choi, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 3395 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5663 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, Anal. Biochem. 363, 239 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Cesario, M. U. Gonzalez, S. Cheylan, W. L. Barnes, S. Enoch, and R. Quidant, Opt. Express 15, 10533 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, V. Nashine, E. N. Khaliullin, D. Ben-Amotz, V. J. Davisson, and V. M. Shalaev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 648 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Noguez, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 3806 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Paulus, P. Gay-Balmaz, and O. J. Martin, Phys. Rev. E 62, 5797 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. I. Geshev, U. C. Fisher, and H. Fuchs, Opt. Express 15, 13796 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. B. T. Draine and P. J. Flatau, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1491 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. A. Yurkin and A. G. Hoekstra, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 106, 558 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Duval Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. A. Yurkin and A. G. Hoekstra, Amsterdam Discrete Dipole Approximation, available online at http://www.science.uva.nl/research/scs/Software/adda.

2008 (4)

E. Fort and S. Grésillon, J. Phys. D 41, 013001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Guo, S.-J. Tsai, H.-C. Kan, D.-H. Tsai, M. R. Zachariah, and R. J. Phaneuf, Adv. Mater. 20, 1424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Sabella, G. Vecchio, R. Cingolani, R. Rinaldi, and P. P. Pompa, Langmuir 24, 13266 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. S. Chi, H. R. Byon, B. S. Lee, B. Kong, H. C. Choi, and I. S. Choi, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 3395 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, Anal. Biochem. 363, 239 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Cesario, M. U. Gonzalez, S. Cheylan, W. L. Barnes, S. Enoch, and R. Quidant, Opt. Express 15, 10533 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Noguez, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 3806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. I. Geshev, U. C. Fisher, and H. Fuchs, Opt. Express 15, 13796 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Yurkin and A. G. Hoekstra, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 106, 558 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. Della Torre, F. Della Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, Nat. Nanotechnol. 1, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, V. Nashine, E. N. Khaliullin, D. Ben-Amotz, V. J. Davisson, and V. M. Shalaev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 648 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Duval Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Paulus, P. Gay-Balmaz, and O. J. Martin, Phys. Rev. E 62, 5797 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5663 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Barnes, W. L.

Barnett, A.

E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, Anal. Biochem. 363, 239 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ben-Amotz, D.

V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, V. Nashine, E. N. Khaliullin, D. Ben-Amotz, V. J. Davisson, and V. M. Shalaev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 648 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Byon, H. R.

Y. S. Chi, H. R. Byon, B. S. Lee, B. Kong, H. C. Choi, and I. S. Choi, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 3395 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Calabi, F.

P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. Della Torre, F. Della Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, Nat. Nanotechnol. 1, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cesario, J.

Cheylan, S.

Chi, Y. S.

Y. S. Chi, H. R. Byon, B. S. Lee, B. Kong, H. C. Choi, and I. S. Choi, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 3395 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H. C.

Y. S. Chi, H. R. Byon, B. S. Lee, B. Kong, H. C. Choi, and I. S. Choi, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 3395 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Choi, I. S.

Y. S. Chi, H. R. Byon, B. S. Lee, B. Kong, H. C. Choi, and I. S. Choi, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 3395 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cingolani, R.

S. Sabella, G. Vecchio, R. Cingolani, R. Rinaldi, and P. P. Pompa, Langmuir 24, 13266 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. Della Torre, F. Della Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, Nat. Nanotechnol. 1, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Coronado, E.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Davisson, V. J.

V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, V. Nashine, E. N. Khaliullin, D. Ben-Amotz, V. J. Davisson, and V. M. Shalaev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 648 (2005).
[CrossRef]

De Vittorio, M.

P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. Della Torre, F. Della Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, Nat. Nanotechnol. 1, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Della Sala, F.

P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. Della Torre, F. Della Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, Nat. Nanotechnol. 1, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Della Torre, A.

P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. Della Torre, F. Della Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, Nat. Nanotechnol. 1, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Drachev, V. P.

V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, V. Nashine, E. N. Khaliullin, D. Ben-Amotz, V. J. Davisson, and V. M. Shalaev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 648 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Draine, B. T.

Enoch, S.

Fisher, U. C.

Flatau, P. J.

Fort, E.

E. Fort and S. Grésillon, J. Phys. D 41, 013001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, H.

Gay-Balmaz, P.

M. Paulus, P. Gay-Balmaz, and O. J. Martin, Phys. Rev. E 62, 5797 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Geshev, P. I.

Gonzalez, M. U.

Grésillon, S.

E. Fort and S. Grésillon, J. Phys. D 41, 013001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gryczynski, I.

E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, Anal. Biochem. 363, 239 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gryczynski, Z.

E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, Anal. Biochem. 363, 239 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, S. -H.

S.-H. Guo, S.-J. Tsai, H.-C. Kan, D.-H. Tsai, M. R. Zachariah, and R. J. Phaneuf, Adv. Mater. 20, 1424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D. G.

H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5663 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hoekstra, A. G.

M. A. Yurkin and A. G. Hoekstra, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 106, 558 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Yurkin and A. G. Hoekstra, Amsterdam Discrete Dipole Approximation, available online at http://www.science.uva.nl/research/scs/Software/adda.

Kan, H. -C.

S.-H. Guo, S.-J. Tsai, H.-C. Kan, D.-H. Tsai, M. R. Zachariah, and R. J. Phaneuf, Adv. Mater. 20, 1424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, K. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Duval Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Khaliullin, E. N.

V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, V. Nashine, E. N. Khaliullin, D. Ben-Amotz, V. J. Davisson, and V. M. Shalaev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 648 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kong, B.

Y. S. Chi, H. R. Byon, B. S. Lee, B. Kong, H. C. Choi, and I. S. Choi, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 3395 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lakowicz, J. R.

E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, Anal. Biochem. 363, 239 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, B. S.

Y. S. Chi, H. R. Byon, B. S. Lee, B. Kong, H. C. Choi, and I. S. Choi, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 3395 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leonenko, Z.

E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, Anal. Biochem. 363, 239 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer Science-Business Media LLC, 2007).

Malinsky, M. Duval

M. Duval Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Manna, L.

P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. Della Torre, F. Della Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, Nat. Nanotechnol. 1, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Martin, O. J.

M. Paulus, P. Gay-Balmaz, and O. J. Martin, Phys. Rev. E 62, 5797 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Martiradonna, L.

P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. Della Torre, F. Della Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, Nat. Nanotechnol. 1, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matveeva, E. G.

E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, Anal. Biochem. 363, 239 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nashine, V.

V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, V. Nashine, E. N. Khaliullin, D. Ben-Amotz, V. J. Davisson, and V. M. Shalaev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 648 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Noguez, C.

C. Noguez, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 3806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Paulus, M.

M. Paulus, P. Gay-Balmaz, and O. J. Martin, Phys. Rev. E 62, 5797 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phaneuf, R. J.

S.-H. Guo, S.-J. Tsai, H.-C. Kan, D.-H. Tsai, M. R. Zachariah, and R. J. Phaneuf, Adv. Mater. 20, 1424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pompa, P. P.

S. Sabella, G. Vecchio, R. Cingolani, R. Rinaldi, and P. P. Pompa, Langmuir 24, 13266 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. Della Torre, F. Della Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, Nat. Nanotechnol. 1, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Quidant, R.

Rinaldi, R.

S. Sabella, G. Vecchio, R. Cingolani, R. Rinaldi, and P. P. Pompa, Langmuir 24, 13266 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. Della Torre, F. Della Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, Nat. Nanotechnol. 1, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sabella, S.

S. Sabella, G. Vecchio, R. Cingolani, R. Rinaldi, and P. P. Pompa, Langmuir 24, 13266 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schatz, G. C.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Duval Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, V. Nashine, E. N. Khaliullin, D. Ben-Amotz, V. J. Davisson, and V. M. Shalaev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 648 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, H. R.

H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5663 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thoreson, M. D.

V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, V. Nashine, E. N. Khaliullin, D. Ben-Amotz, V. J. Davisson, and V. M. Shalaev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 648 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, D. -H.

S.-H. Guo, S.-J. Tsai, H.-C. Kan, D.-H. Tsai, M. R. Zachariah, and R. J. Phaneuf, Adv. Mater. 20, 1424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, S. -J.

S.-H. Guo, S.-J. Tsai, H.-C. Kan, D.-H. Tsai, M. R. Zachariah, and R. J. Phaneuf, Adv. Mater. 20, 1424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Van Duyne, R. P.

M. Duval Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vecchio, G.

S. Sabella, G. Vecchio, R. Cingolani, R. Rinaldi, and P. P. Pompa, Langmuir 24, 13266 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yurkin, M. A.

M. A. Yurkin and A. G. Hoekstra, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 106, 558 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Yurkin and A. G. Hoekstra, Amsterdam Discrete Dipole Approximation, available online at http://www.science.uva.nl/research/scs/Software/adda.

Zachariah, M. R.

S.-H. Guo, S.-J. Tsai, H.-C. Kan, D.-H. Tsai, M. R. Zachariah, and R. J. Phaneuf, Adv. Mater. 20, 1424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Y. S. Chi, H. R. Byon, B. S. Lee, B. Kong, H. C. Choi, and I. S. Choi, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 3395 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

S.-H. Guo, S.-J. Tsai, H.-C. Kan, D.-H. Tsai, M. R. Zachariah, and R. J. Phaneuf, Adv. Mater. 20, 1424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Biochem. (1)

E. G. Matveeva, I. Gryczynski, A. Barnett, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, and Z. Gryczynski, Anal. Biochem. 363, 239 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

M. Duval Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

C. Noguez, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 3806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

E. Fort and S. Grésillon, J. Phys. D 41, 013001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (1)

M. A. Yurkin and A. G. Hoekstra, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 106, 558 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Raman Spectrosc. (1)

V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, V. Nashine, E. N. Khaliullin, D. Ben-Amotz, V. J. Davisson, and V. M. Shalaev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 648 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

S. Sabella, G. Vecchio, R. Cingolani, R. Rinaldi, and P. P. Pompa, Langmuir 24, 13266 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

P. P. Pompa, L. Martiradonna, A. Della Torre, F. Della Sala, L. Manna, M. De Vittorio, F. Calabi, R. Cingolani, and R. Rinaldi, Nat. Nanotechnol. 1, 126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

M. Paulus, P. Gay-Balmaz, and O. J. Martin, Phys. Rev. E 62, 5797 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5663 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer Science-Business Media LLC, 2007).

M. A. Yurkin and A. G. Hoekstra, Amsterdam Discrete Dipole Approximation, available online at http://www.science.uva.nl/research/scs/Software/adda.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

System under investigation: the outer layer represents the 50-nm-thick PMMA film containing the NCs (with an isotropic orientation); the Ag spheres with a 75 nm diameter are covered by a tunable Al 2 O 3 layer and deposited on a 70 nm Ag buffer lying on a SiO 2 substrate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) PLE and (b) PL spectra for different oxide thicknesses. The “reference” substrate (with a PL maximum normalized to unity) is without MNPs and the silver layer. Inset in (b): PL maximum versus oxide thickness.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Computed LFEF contours (logarithmic scale) for a 75 nm Ag sphere isolated (upper panel) and on a 70-nm-thick Ag buffer (lower panel), in a plane containing the E-field propagation direction ( x ) and the E-field polarization ( y ) .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Averaged (on a 1-nm-thick virtual shells surrounding the sphere) LFEF for a 75 nm Ag sphere isolated (dashed-dotted curve) and on a 70 nm thick Ag buffer (solid curve), for different radial distances.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E t o t ( r i ) = E 0 ( r i ) + k = 1 , N G ( r k , r i ) P ( r k ) ,
LFEF ( r ) = | E t o t s y s ( r ) E t o t s u b ( r ) + E 0 ( r ) + E r e f ( r ) | 2 ,

Metrics