Abstract

We report a holographically fabricated, optically switchable grating using azo-dye-doped, polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (LCs). Our experiments show that upon photoirradiation, the diffraction of the grating was decreased significantly. We believe that this switching behavior is due to two factors—nematic–isotropic phase transition of LCs and thermal expansion of the grating structure.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, J. H. Liu, H. T. Dai, and K. S. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 041115 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, P. Shum, H. P. Li, J. Mi, W. Ji, and X. H. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061107 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y.-H. Fan, Y.-H. Lin, H. Ren, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1233 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, H. T. Dai, J. H. Liu, and K. S. Xu, Opt. Mater. 27, 1451 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. De Sarkar, N. L. Gill, J. B. Whitehead, and G. P. Crawford, Macromolecules 36, 630 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, Polymer 45, 7213 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. De Sarkar, J. Qi, and G. P. Crawford, Polymer 43, 7335 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 15, 2477 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. S. Drzaic, Liquid Crystal Dispersions (World Scientific, 1995).
  11. A. Urbas, V. Tondiglia, L. Natarajan, R. Sutherland, H. Yu, J.-H. Li, and T. Bunning, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 13580 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C.-H. Wen, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, Liq. Cryst. 31, 1479 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. J. Lee, D. Kim, and M. Lee, Appl. Opt. 34, 138 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 5, 1533 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Qi, M. DeSarkar, G. T. Warren, and G. P. Crawford, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4795 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. I. Amimori, J. N. Eakin, G. P. Crawford, N. V. Priezjev, and R. A. Pelcovits, SID Int. Symposium Digest Tech. Papers, 33, 834 (2002).
  17. Y. J. Liu, B. Zhang, Y. Jia, and K. S. Xu, Opt. Commun. 218, 27 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Y.-G. Fuh, M.-S. Tsai, L.-J. Huang, and T.-C. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2572 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2006

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, P. Shum, H. P. Li, J. Mi, W. Ji, and X. H. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, J. H. Liu, H. T. Dai, and K. S. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 041115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, H. T. Dai, J. H. Liu, and K. S. Xu, Opt. Mater. 27, 1451 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, Polymer 45, 7213 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y.-H. Fan, Y.-H. Lin, H. Ren, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Urbas, V. Tondiglia, L. Natarajan, R. Sutherland, H. Yu, J.-H. Li, and T. Bunning, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 13580 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-H. Wen, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, Liq. Cryst. 31, 1479 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

Y. J. Liu, B. Zhang, Y. Jia, and K. S. Xu, Opt. Commun. 218, 27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 15, 2477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. De Sarkar, N. L. Gill, J. B. Whitehead, and G. P. Crawford, Macromolecules 36, 630 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

M. De Sarkar, J. Qi, and G. P. Crawford, Polymer 43, 7335 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Qi, M. DeSarkar, G. T. Warren, and G. P. Crawford, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4795 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Amimori, J. N. Eakin, G. P. Crawford, N. V. Priezjev, and R. A. Pelcovits, SID Int. Symposium Digest Tech. Papers, 33, 834 (2002).

2000

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

A. Y.-G. Fuh, M.-S. Tsai, L.-J. Huang, and T.-C. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995

1993

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 5, 1533 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Amimori, I.

I. Amimori, J. N. Eakin, G. P. Crawford, N. V. Priezjev, and R. A. Pelcovits, SID Int. Symposium Digest Tech. Papers, 33, 834 (2002).

Brandelik, D. M.

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 15, 2477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bunning, T.

A. Urbas, V. Tondiglia, L. Natarajan, R. Sutherland, H. Yu, J.-H. Li, and T. Bunning, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 13580 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bunning, T. J.

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, Polymer 45, 7213 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 15, 2477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 5, 1533 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chandra, S.

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 15, 2477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Crawford, G. P.

M. De Sarkar, N. L. Gill, J. B. Whitehead, and G. P. Crawford, Macromolecules 36, 630 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Qi, M. DeSarkar, G. T. Warren, and G. P. Crawford, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4795 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. De Sarkar, J. Qi, and G. P. Crawford, Polymer 43, 7335 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Amimori, J. N. Eakin, G. P. Crawford, N. V. Priezjev, and R. A. Pelcovits, SID Int. Symposium Digest Tech. Papers, 33, 834 (2002).

Dai, H. T.

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, H. T. Dai, J. H. Liu, and K. S. Xu, Opt. Mater. 27, 1451 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, J. H. Liu, H. T. Dai, and K. S. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 041115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

De Sarkar, M.

M. De Sarkar, N. L. Gill, J. B. Whitehead, and G. P. Crawford, Macromolecules 36, 630 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. De Sarkar, J. Qi, and G. P. Crawford, Polymer 43, 7335 (2002).
[CrossRef]

DeSarkar, M.

J. Qi, M. DeSarkar, G. T. Warren, and G. P. Crawford, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4795 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Drzaic, P. S.

P. S. Drzaic, Liquid Crystal Dispersions (World Scientific, 1995).

Eakin, J. N.

I. Amimori, J. N. Eakin, G. P. Crawford, N. V. Priezjev, and R. A. Pelcovits, SID Int. Symposium Digest Tech. Papers, 33, 834 (2002).

Fan, Y. -H.

Y.-H. Fan, Y.-H. Lin, H. Ren, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fuh, A. Y.-G.

A. Y.-G. Fuh, M.-S. Tsai, L.-J. Huang, and T.-C. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gauza, S.

Y.-H. Fan, Y.-H. Lin, H. Ren, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Wen, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, Liq. Cryst. 31, 1479 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gill, N. L.

M. De Sarkar, N. L. Gill, J. B. Whitehead, and G. P. Crawford, Macromolecules 36, 630 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Guymon, C. A.

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, Polymer 45, 7213 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L. -J.

A. Y.-G. Fuh, M.-S. Tsai, L.-J. Huang, and T.-C. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ji, W.

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, P. Shum, H. P. Li, J. Mi, W. Ji, and X. H. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Y.

Y. J. Liu, B. Zhang, Y. Jia, and K. S. Xu, Opt. Commun. 218, 27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.

Klosterman, J.

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, Polymer 45, 7213 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, G. J.

Lee, M.

Li, H. P.

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, P. Shum, H. P. Li, J. Mi, W. Ji, and X. H. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. -H.

A. Urbas, V. Tondiglia, L. Natarajan, R. Sutherland, H. Yu, J.-H. Li, and T. Bunning, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 13580 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, Y. -H.

Y.-H. Fan, Y.-H. Lin, H. Ren, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. H.

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, J. H. Liu, H. T. Dai, and K. S. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 041115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, H. T. Dai, J. H. Liu, and K. S. Xu, Opt. Mater. 27, 1451 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, T. -C.

A. Y.-G. Fuh, M.-S. Tsai, L.-J. Huang, and T.-C. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. J.

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, P. Shum, H. P. Li, J. Mi, W. Ji, and X. H. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, H. T. Dai, J. H. Liu, and K. S. Xu, Opt. Mater. 27, 1451 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, J. H. Liu, H. T. Dai, and K. S. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 041115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Liu, B. Zhang, Y. Jia, and K. S. Xu, Opt. Commun. 218, 27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mi, J.

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, P. Shum, H. P. Li, J. Mi, W. Ji, and X. H. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Natarajan, L.

A. Urbas, V. Tondiglia, L. Natarajan, R. Sutherland, H. Yu, J.-H. Li, and T. Bunning, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 13580 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Natarajan, L. V.

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, Polymer 45, 7213 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 15, 2477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 5, 1533 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pelcovits, R. A.

I. Amimori, J. N. Eakin, G. P. Crawford, N. V. Priezjev, and R. A. Pelcovits, SID Int. Symposium Digest Tech. Papers, 33, 834 (2002).

Priezjev, N. V.

I. Amimori, J. N. Eakin, G. P. Crawford, N. V. Priezjev, and R. A. Pelcovits, SID Int. Symposium Digest Tech. Papers, 33, 834 (2002).

Qi, J.

M. De Sarkar, J. Qi, and G. P. Crawford, Polymer 43, 7335 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Qi, M. DeSarkar, G. T. Warren, and G. P. Crawford, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4795 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ren, H.

Y.-H. Fan, Y.-H. Lin, H. Ren, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, C. K.

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 15, 2477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, P. Shum, H. P. Li, J. Mi, W. Ji, and X. H. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X. W.

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, P. Shum, H. P. Li, J. Mi, W. Ji, and X. H. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, H. T. Dai, J. H. Liu, and K. S. Xu, Opt. Mater. 27, 1451 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, J. H. Liu, H. T. Dai, and K. S. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 041115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, R.

A. Urbas, V. Tondiglia, L. Natarajan, R. Sutherland, H. Yu, J.-H. Li, and T. Bunning, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 13580 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sutherland, R. L.

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, Polymer 45, 7213 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 15, 2477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 5, 1533 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tomlin, D.

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 15, 2477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tondiglia, V.

A. Urbas, V. Tondiglia, L. Natarajan, R. Sutherland, H. Yu, J.-H. Li, and T. Bunning, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 13580 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tondiglia, V. P.

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, Polymer 45, 7213 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 15, 2477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 5, 1533 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, M. -S.

A. Y.-G. Fuh, M.-S. Tsai, L.-J. Huang, and T.-C. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Urbas, A.

A. Urbas, V. Tondiglia, L. Natarajan, R. Sutherland, H. Yu, J.-H. Li, and T. Bunning, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 13580 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Warren, G. T.

J. Qi, M. DeSarkar, G. T. Warren, and G. P. Crawford, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4795 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wen, C. -H.

C.-H. Wen, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, Liq. Cryst. 31, 1479 (2004).
[CrossRef]

White, T. J.

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, Polymer 45, 7213 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Whitehead, J. B.

M. De Sarkar, N. L. Gill, J. B. Whitehead, and G. P. Crawford, Macromolecules 36, 630 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. -T.

Y.-H. Fan, Y.-H. Lin, H. Ren, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Wen, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, Liq. Cryst. 31, 1479 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, K. S.

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, H. T. Dai, J. H. Liu, and K. S. Xu, Opt. Mater. 27, 1451 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, J. H. Liu, H. T. Dai, and K. S. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 041115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Liu, B. Zhang, Y. Jia, and K. S. Xu, Opt. Commun. 218, 27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H.

A. Urbas, V. Tondiglia, L. Natarajan, R. Sutherland, H. Yu, J.-H. Li, and T. Bunning, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 13580 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, B.

Y. J. Liu, B. Zhang, Y. Jia, and K. S. Xu, Opt. Commun. 218, 27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. H.

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, P. Shum, H. P. Li, J. Mi, W. Ji, and X. H. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci.

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Y.-G. Fuh, M.-S. Tsai, L.-J. Huang, and T.-C. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, J. H. Liu, H. T. Dai, and K. S. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 041115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, P. Shum, H. P. Li, J. Mi, W. Ji, and X. H. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-H. Fan, Y.-H. Lin, H. Ren, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater.

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 15, 2477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, Chem. Mater. 5, 1533 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

A. Urbas, V. Tondiglia, L. Natarajan, R. Sutherland, H. Yu, J.-H. Li, and T. Bunning, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 13580 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys.

J. Qi, M. DeSarkar, G. T. Warren, and G. P. Crawford, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4795 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liq. Cryst.

C.-H. Wen, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, Liq. Cryst. 31, 1479 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Macromolecules

M. De Sarkar, N. L. Gill, J. B. Whitehead, and G. P. Crawford, Macromolecules 36, 630 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

Y. J. Liu, B. Zhang, Y. Jia, and K. S. Xu, Opt. Commun. 218, 27 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater.

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, H. T. Dai, J. H. Liu, and K. S. Xu, Opt. Mater. 27, 1451 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Polymer

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, Polymer 45, 7213 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. De Sarkar, J. Qi, and G. P. Crawford, Polymer 43, 7335 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other

P. S. Drzaic, Liquid Crystal Dispersions (World Scientific, 1995).

I. Amimori, J. N. Eakin, G. P. Crawford, N. V. Priezjev, and R. A. Pelcovits, SID Int. Symposium Digest Tech. Papers, 33, 834 (2002).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup and working mechanism. The magnified part shows the working mechanism of the optically switchable process.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Angle-dependent diffraction of the optically switchable transmission-mode grating for p- and s-polarized light. The inset shows an SEM image of the grating.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Changes in transmittance under different pumping intensities for (a) an azo-dye-doped H-PDLC grating and (b) an undoped one.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photoresponse of the azo-dye-doped H-PDLC gratings at different pumping intensities. The upper curve corresponds to the laser pulse, and the lower curves correspond to the response of the grating to different pumping intensities (13, 24, and 36 mW). The “ON” and “OFF” processes are labeled.

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