Abstract

This Letter provides a qualitative proof of concept for purposefully tailoring the emission spectrum of glass by spatially localizing dissimilar dopants to control the degree of energy transfer. More specifically, modified-chemical-vapor-deposition-derived silica preforms were solution doped with either a solution of individually Eu3+- or Tb3+-doped nanoparticles or a solution of Eu3+Tb3+-codoped nanoparticles. The preform prepared using the codoped nanoparticles exhibited energy transfer from the Tb3+ to the Eu3+ ions, whereas the preform containing individually doped nanoparticles yielded only discretely Tb3+ or Eu3+ emissions. The extension of this work to broadband amplifiers and lasers is discussed.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Snitzer and R. Woodcock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 45 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Furtado, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, J. Stone-Sundberg, and M. Kokta, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB10.
  3. J. DiMaio, B. Kokuoz, and J. Ballato, Opt. Express 14, 11412 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. DiMaio, C. Sabieter, B. Kokuoz, and J. Ballato, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105, 1809 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. L. DiLabio, W. Lüthy, V. Romano, F. Sandoz, and T. Feurer, Appl. Opt. 47, 1581 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Oh, T. Morse, L. Reinhart, A. Kilian, and W. Risen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 149, 229 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. DiMaio, B. Kokuoz, T. James, and J. Ballato, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 19, 3266 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. Sudarsan, F. van Veggel, R. Herring, and M. Raudsepp, J. Mater. Chem. 15, 1332 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Townsend, S. Poole, and D. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. DiMaio, B. Kokuoz, T. James, T. Harkey, D. Monofsky, and J. Ballato, Opt. Express 16, 11769 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

J. DiMaio, B. Kokuoz, T. James, and J. Ballato, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 19, 3266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

V. Sudarsan, F. van Veggel, R. Herring, and M. Raudsepp, J. Mater. Chem. 15, 1332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

K. Oh, T. Morse, L. Reinhart, A. Kilian, and W. Risen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 149, 229 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

J. Townsend, S. Poole, and D. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

E. Snitzer and R. Woodcock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 45 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Ballato, J.

J. DiMaio, C. Sabieter, B. Kokuoz, and J. Ballato, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105, 1809 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. DiMaio, B. Kokuoz, T. James, T. Harkey, D. Monofsky, and J. Ballato, Opt. Express 16, 11769 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. DiMaio, B. Kokuoz, T. James, and J. Ballato, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 19, 3266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. DiMaio, B. Kokuoz, and J. Ballato, Opt. Express 14, 11412 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DiLabio, L.

DiMaio, J.

J. DiMaio, C. Sabieter, B. Kokuoz, and J. Ballato, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105, 1809 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. DiMaio, B. Kokuoz, T. James, T. Harkey, D. Monofsky, and J. Ballato, Opt. Express 16, 11769 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. DiMaio, B. Kokuoz, T. James, and J. Ballato, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 19, 3266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. DiMaio, B. Kokuoz, and J. Ballato, Opt. Express 14, 11412 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feurer, T.

Furtado, M.

M. Furtado, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, J. Stone-Sundberg, and M. Kokta, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB10.

Harkey, T.

Herring, R.

V. Sudarsan, F. van Veggel, R. Herring, and M. Raudsepp, J. Mater. Chem. 15, 1332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

James, T.

J. DiMaio, B. Kokuoz, T. James, T. Harkey, D. Monofsky, and J. Ballato, Opt. Express 16, 11769 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. DiMaio, B. Kokuoz, T. James, and J. Ballato, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 19, 3266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kilian, A.

K. Oh, T. Morse, L. Reinhart, A. Kilian, and W. Risen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 149, 229 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kokta, M.

M. Furtado, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, J. Stone-Sundberg, and M. Kokta, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB10.

Kokuoz, B.

J. DiMaio, C. Sabieter, B. Kokuoz, and J. Ballato, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105, 1809 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. DiMaio, B. Kokuoz, T. James, T. Harkey, D. Monofsky, and J. Ballato, Opt. Express 16, 11769 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. DiMaio, B. Kokuoz, T. James, and J. Ballato, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 19, 3266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. DiMaio, B. Kokuoz, and J. Ballato, Opt. Express 14, 11412 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lüthy, W.

Monofsky, D.

Morse, T.

K. Oh, T. Morse, L. Reinhart, A. Kilian, and W. Risen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 149, 229 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K.

K. Oh, T. Morse, L. Reinhart, A. Kilian, and W. Risen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 149, 229 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D.

J. Townsend, S. Poole, and D. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S.

J. Townsend, S. Poole, and D. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Raudsepp, M.

V. Sudarsan, F. van Veggel, R. Herring, and M. Raudsepp, J. Mater. Chem. 15, 1332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Reinhart, L.

K. Oh, T. Morse, L. Reinhart, A. Kilian, and W. Risen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 149, 229 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Risen, W.

K. Oh, T. Morse, L. Reinhart, A. Kilian, and W. Risen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 149, 229 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Romano, V.

Sabieter, C.

J. DiMaio, C. Sabieter, B. Kokuoz, and J. Ballato, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105, 1809 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandoz, F.

Shori, R.

M. Furtado, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, J. Stone-Sundberg, and M. Kokta, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB10.

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer and R. Woodcock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 45 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Stafsudd, O.

M. Furtado, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, J. Stone-Sundberg, and M. Kokta, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB10.

Stone-Sundberg, J.

M. Furtado, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, J. Stone-Sundberg, and M. Kokta, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB10.

Sudarsan, V.

V. Sudarsan, F. van Veggel, R. Herring, and M. Raudsepp, J. Mater. Chem. 15, 1332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, J.

J. Townsend, S. Poole, and D. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
[CrossRef]

van Veggel, F.

V. Sudarsan, F. van Veggel, R. Herring, and M. Raudsepp, J. Mater. Chem. 15, 1332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Woodcock, R.

E. Snitzer and R. Woodcock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 45 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) (1)

J. DiMaio, B. Kokuoz, T. James, and J. Ballato, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 19, 3266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Snitzer and R. Woodcock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 6, 45 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Townsend, S. Poole, and D. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 329 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

V. Sudarsan, F. van Veggel, R. Herring, and M. Raudsepp, J. Mater. Chem. 15, 1332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

K. Oh, T. Morse, L. Reinhart, A. Kilian, and W. Risen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 149, 229 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

J. DiMaio, C. Sabieter, B. Kokuoz, and J. Ballato, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105, 1809 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

M. Furtado, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, J. Stone-Sundberg, and M. Kokta, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB10.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy-level diagram for Tb 3 + and Eu 3 + . NR, nonradiative relaxation; ET, energy transfer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Emission spectra of the precursor Tb 3 + : La F 3 (◻) and Eu 3 + : La F 3 (△) nanoparticles and the subsequent silica preform (●) doped from a solution containing the individually doped nanoparticles. Each spectrum was excited at 375 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Excitation spectrum of the 611 nm emission from Eu 3 + in a silica preform doped from a solution containing individually Eu 3 + - and Tb 3 + -doped nanoparticles (●) and a silica preform doped from a solution containing Eu 3 + - and Tb 3 + -codoped nanoparticles (○).

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