Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate generation of high-intensity short optical pulses obtained by the controlled ultrafast release of the stored energy confined in silicon microcavities. This is achieved using ultrafast tuning of the coupling from a coupled-ring cavity to an external waveguide on time scales shorter than cavity photon lifetime.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. H. Fan, Nature 386, 143 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. F. Yanik and S. H. Fan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, Nat. Phys. 3, 406 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. J. Reed, M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 203904 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. F. Preble, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, Nature Photon. 1, 293 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Notomi and S. Mitsugi, Phys. Rev. A 73, 051803 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Gaburro, M. Ghulinyan, F. Riboli, L. Pavesi, A. Recati, and I. Carusotto, Opt. Express 14, 7270 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Fan, M. F. Yanik, M. L. Povinelli, and S. Sandhu, Opt. Photonics News 18(3), 41 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nature Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Dong, L. Chen, A. Nitkowski, and M. Lipson, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuU6.
  13. J. Upham, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Opt. Express 16, 21721 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, H. Taniyama, and E. Kuramochi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043907 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. A. Vuylsteke, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1615 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. P. Dong, S. F. Preble, J. T. Robinson, S. Manipatruni, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033904 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. R. A. Soref, and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  20. V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Lett. 29, 2867 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 430 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, H. Taniyama, and E. Kuramochi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043907 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

J. Upham, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Opt. Express 16, 21721 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dong, S. F. Preble, J. T. Robinson, S. Manipatruni, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (6)

S. Fan, M. F. Yanik, M. L. Povinelli, and S. Sandhu, Opt. Photonics News 18(3), 41 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nature Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, Nat. Phys. 3, 406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Preble, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, Nature Photon. 1, 293 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu, Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, Opt. Express 15, 660 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 430 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

M. Notomi and S. Mitsugi, Phys. Rev. A 73, 051803 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Gaburro, M. Ghulinyan, F. Riboli, L. Pavesi, A. Recati, and I. Carusotto, Opt. Express 14, 7270 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

2003 (3)

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Reed, M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 203904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. H. Fan, Nature 386, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1987 (1)

R. A. Soref, and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

A. A. Vuylsteke, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1615 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Almeida, V. R.

Asano, T.

J. Upham, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Opt. Express 16, 21721 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nature Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barrios, C. A.

Bennett, B. R.

R. A. Soref, and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bouma, B. E.

Carusotto, I.

Chen, L.

P. Dong, L. Chen, A. Nitkowski, and M. Lipson, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuU6.

Chetrit, Y.

Ciftcioglu, B.

Dong, P.

P. Dong, S. F. Preble, J. T. Robinson, S. Manipatruni, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, Nat. Phys. 3, 406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Dong, L. Chen, A. Nitkowski, and M. Lipson, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuU6.

Fan, S.

S. Fan, M. F. Yanik, M. L. Povinelli, and S. Sandhu, Opt. Photonics News 18(3), 41 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, S. H.

M. F. Yanik and S. H. Fan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. H. Fan, Nature 386, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

Gaburro, Z.

Gaeta, A. L.

Ghulinyan, M.

Gibson, F.

Gibson, G. N.

Izhaky, N.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

E. J. Reed, M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 203904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. H. Fan, Nature 386, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Klank, R.

Kuramochi, E.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, H. Taniyama, and E. Kuramochi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043907 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liao, L.

Lipson, M.

P. Dong, S. F. Preble, J. T. Robinson, S. Manipatruni, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, Nat. Phys. 3, 406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Preble, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, Nature Photon. 1, 293 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 430 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Lett. 29, 2867 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Dong, L. Chen, A. Nitkowski, and M. Lipson, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuU6.

Liu, A.

Manipatruni, S.

P. Dong, S. F. Preble, J. T. Robinson, S. Manipatruni, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 430 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mitsugi, S.

M. Notomi and S. Mitsugi, Phys. Rev. A 73, 051803 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nagashima, T.

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nature Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, H.

Nitkowski, A.

P. Dong, L. Chen, A. Nitkowski, and M. Lipson, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuU6.

Noda, S.

J. Upham, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Opt. Express 16, 21721 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nature Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Notomi, M.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, H. Taniyama, and E. Kuramochi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043907 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Notomi and S. Mitsugi, Phys. Rev. A 73, 051803 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ouzounov, D. G.

Panepucci, R. R.

Paniccia, M.

Pavesi, L.

Povinelli, M. L.

S. Fan, M. F. Yanik, M. L. Povinelli, and S. Sandhu, Opt. Photonics News 18(3), 41 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Preble, S. F.

P. Dong, S. F. Preble, J. T. Robinson, S. Manipatruni, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. F. Preble, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, Nature Photon. 1, 293 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Recati, A.

Reed, E. J.

E. J. Reed, M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 203904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riboli, F.

Robinson, J. T.

P. Dong, S. F. Preble, J. T. Robinson, S. Manipatruni, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rubin, D.

Sandhu, S.

S. Fan, M. F. Yanik, M. L. Povinelli, and S. Sandhu, Opt. Photonics News 18(3), 41 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, B.

Shakya, J.

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 430 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soljacic, M.

E. J. Reed, M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 203904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, B. S.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soref, R. A.

R. A. Soref, and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Sugiya, T.

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nature Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, T.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, H. Taniyama, and E. Kuramochi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043907 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanaka, Y.

J. Upham, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Opt. Express 16, 21721 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nature Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Taniyama, H.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, H. Taniyama, and E. Kuramochi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043907 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Upham, J.

J. Upham, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Opt. Express 16, 21721 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nature Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villeneuve, P. R.

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. H. Fan, Nature 386, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vuylsteke, A. A.

A. A. Vuylsteke, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1615 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q.

S. F. Preble, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, Nature Photon. 1, 293 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, Nat. Phys. 3, 406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 430 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yanik, M. F.

S. Fan, M. F. Yanik, M. L. Povinelli, and S. Sandhu, Opt. Photonics News 18(3), 41 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Yanik and S. H. Fan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. A. Soref, and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. A. Vuylsteke, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1615 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, Nat. Phys. 3, 406 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. H. Fan, Nature 386, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature Mater. (1)

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nature Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature Photon. (1)

S. F. Preble, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, Nature Photon. 1, 293 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Photonics News (1)

S. Fan, M. F. Yanik, M. L. Povinelli, and S. Sandhu, Opt. Photonics News 18(3), 41 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Notomi and S. Mitsugi, Phys. Rev. A 73, 051803 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

E. J. Reed, M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 203904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik and S. H. Fan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dong, S. F. Preble, J. T. Robinson, S. Manipatruni, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, H. Taniyama, and E. Kuramochi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043907 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

P. Dong, L. Chen, A. Nitkowski, and M. Lipson, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuU6.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Coupled-ring resonator to realize dynamic tuning. (a) Microscope picture of the device. (b), (c) Diagrams of reflection spectra of the rings before and after tuning. Before tuning, the Fabry–Perot resonant wavelength is close to the resonant wavelength of both rings, so that a high-quality-factor mode is formed via constructively interfering reflection between the two rings. After tuning, ring A has a blueshift in the reflection spectrum; equivalently, the outcoupling from the microcavity to the drop port increases. (d) Spectrum without pump. (e) Spectrum after pump pulses with a pump energy of 0.07 nJ . The spectra are measured from the drop port.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Short pulse generation during dynamic tuning of the device. The output power is measured from the drop port when the pump energy is 0.07 nJ .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relative peak power and pulse duration of the generated optical pulses as a function of pump energy.

Equations (2)

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τ Δ t + τ rt + τ fp .
P peak = τ ip τ P 0 .

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