Abstract

The realization and the characterization of the leaky loop integrated Fourier transform spectrometer (LLIFTS) is described. The principle of the LLIFTS lies on a two-beam interferometer in planar design using a leaky loop waveguide structure. The interference pattern is measured at the edge of the component. The LLIFTS has been realized using the silver/sodium ion exchange on glass substrate technology, which is low cost and requires only a single lithography step. A mask has been designed considering a numerical model recently developed. Interference patterns have been measured in the wavelength range from 1500 to 1630 nm. Wavelength resolutions of 14 and 11 nm have been measured, respectively, on the 350 and the 500μm radii leaky loop structures on a compact optical device.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

J. Grelin, E. Ghibaudo, and J.-E. Broquin, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 185 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

1999 (1)

J. M. Schmitt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1205 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Benech, P.

Blaize, S.

Broquin, J. -E.

J. Grelin, E. Ghibaudo, and J.-E. Broquin, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 185 (2008).
[CrossRef]

De Rooij, N.

Ghibaudo, E.

J. Grelin, E. Ghibaudo, and J.-E. Broquin, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 185 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grelin, J.

J. Grelin, E. Ghibaudo, and J.-E. Broquin, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 185 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Herzig, H.

Kern, P.

Komisarek, D.

Lam, P.

Le Coarer, E.

Leblond, G.

Lerondel, G.

Lysak, D.

Manzardo, O.

Martin, B.

Merdes, D.

Michaely, R.

Morand, A.

Noell, W.

Overstolz, T.

Reichard, K.

Royer, P.

Schädelin, F.

Schmitt, J. M.

J. M. Schmitt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1205 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.

Yin, S.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Overview of the leaky loop structures layout. The radii of curvature that have been considered are 350, 500, and 700 μ m . The initial and the final angles are −9° and 14° for the 350 and the 500 μ m radii and −11° and 20° for the 700 μ m radius. The initial values of the gap are 4, 6, 8, and 10 μ m , and its final value is 1.5 μ m .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Contrast evolution versus initial gap.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Comparison between the FT and the AFT; (b) resolution measured on the 350 and the 500 μ m radii structures; (c) comparison of polychromatic spectra.

Equations (2)

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S ( f s ) = n = N n = N s ( n Δ x ) exp ( 2 ı π f s   arctan ( n Δ x L 1 ) ) L ( 1 + ( n Δ x L 1 ) 2 ) ,
δ σ = 1.2 2 n R   arctan ( x max / 2 L ) ,

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