Abstract

Giant enhancement of optical reorientation in pure nematic liquid crystals (LCs) was observed with a near-resonant input beam. The enhancement observed through reduction of the threshold of the optical Fréedericksz transition in a 28-μm-thick homeotropic LC cell was almost 700 times in comparison with the case of an off-resonant input beam. Wavelength dependence of the enhancement followed the LC absorption spectrum very well, confirming that the enhancement arose from the excitation of LC molecules.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Santamato and Y. R. Shen, in Handbook of Liquid Crystal Research, P.J.Colligs and J.S.Patel, eds. (Oxford U. Press, 1997), p. 539.
  2. F. Simoni and O. Francescangeli, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, R439 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. I. Jánossy, A. D. Lloyd, and B. S. Wherrett, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 179, 1 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. Jánossy and T. Kósa, Opt. Lett. 17, 1183 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. I. Jánossy, Phys. Rev. E 49, 2957 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Marrucci and D. Paparo, Phys. Rev. E 56, 1765 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Paparo, L. Marrucci, G. Abbate, E. Santamato, M. Kreuzer, P. Lehnert, and T. Vogeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 38 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Muenster, M. Jarasch, X. Zhuang, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 42 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Kreuzer, E. Benkler, D. Paparo, G. Casillo, and L. Marrucci, Phys. Rev. E 68, 011701 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. V. Truong, L. Xu, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193902 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Yang, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, J. Chem. Phys. 128, 084710 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. P. Yang, J. Shan, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, J. Phys. D 42, 085116 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. V. Truong and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 187802 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. B. Ya. Zel'dolvich, N. F. Pilipetskii, A. V. Sukhov, and N. V. Tabiryan, JETP Lett. 31, 263 (1980).
  15. S. D. Durbin, S. M. Arakelian, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1411 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. S. Zolot'ko, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Bobolev, and L. Chilag, JETP Lett. 32, 250 (1981).
  17. C. Umeton, A. Sgrò, and F. Simoni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1938 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  18. I. Jánossy, L. Csillag, and A. D. Lloyd, Phys. Rev. A 44, 8410 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. J. Li and S.-T. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 896 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2009

P. Yang, J. Shan, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, J. Phys. D 42, 085116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

P. Yang, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, J. Chem. Phys. 128, 084710 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

T. V. Truong and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 187802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

J. Li and S.-T. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 896 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

M. Kreuzer, E. Benkler, D. Paparo, G. Casillo, and L. Marrucci, Phys. Rev. E 68, 011701 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Truong, L. Xu, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

F. Simoni and O. Francescangeli, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, R439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

L. Marrucci and D. Paparo, Phys. Rev. E 56, 1765 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Paparo, L. Marrucci, G. Abbate, E. Santamato, M. Kreuzer, P. Lehnert, and T. Vogeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 38 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Muenster, M. Jarasch, X. Zhuang, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

I. Jánossy, Phys. Rev. E 49, 2957 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

1991

I. Jánossy, L. Csillag, and A. D. Lloyd, Phys. Rev. A 44, 8410 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990

I. Jánossy, A. D. Lloyd, and B. S. Wherrett, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 179, 1 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987

1981

S. D. Durbin, S. M. Arakelian, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1411 (1981).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Zolot'ko, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Bobolev, and L. Chilag, JETP Lett. 32, 250 (1981).

1980

B. Ya. Zel'dolvich, N. F. Pilipetskii, A. V. Sukhov, and N. V. Tabiryan, JETP Lett. 31, 263 (1980).

Abbate, G.

D. Paparo, L. Marrucci, G. Abbate, E. Santamato, M. Kreuzer, P. Lehnert, and T. Vogeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 38 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Arakelian, S. M.

S. D. Durbin, S. M. Arakelian, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1411 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Benkler, E.

M. Kreuzer, E. Benkler, D. Paparo, G. Casillo, and L. Marrucci, Phys. Rev. E 68, 011701 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bobolev, N. N.

A. S. Zolot'ko, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Bobolev, and L. Chilag, JETP Lett. 32, 250 (1981).

Casillo, G.

M. Kreuzer, E. Benkler, D. Paparo, G. Casillo, and L. Marrucci, Phys. Rev. E 68, 011701 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chilag, L.

A. S. Zolot'ko, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Bobolev, and L. Chilag, JETP Lett. 32, 250 (1981).

Csillag, L.

I. Jánossy, L. Csillag, and A. D. Lloyd, Phys. Rev. A 44, 8410 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durbin, S. D.

S. D. Durbin, S. M. Arakelian, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1411 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Francescangeli, O.

F. Simoni and O. Francescangeli, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, R439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jánossy, I.

I. Jánossy, Phys. Rev. E 49, 2957 (1994).
[CrossRef]

I. Jánossy and T. Kósa, Opt. Lett. 17, 1183 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Jánossy, L. Csillag, and A. D. Lloyd, Phys. Rev. A 44, 8410 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Jánossy, A. D. Lloyd, and B. S. Wherrett, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 179, 1 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Jarasch, M.

R. Muenster, M. Jarasch, X. Zhuang, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kitaeva, V. F.

A. S. Zolot'ko, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Bobolev, and L. Chilag, JETP Lett. 32, 250 (1981).

Kósa, T.

Kreuzer, M.

M. Kreuzer, E. Benkler, D. Paparo, G. Casillo, and L. Marrucci, Phys. Rev. E 68, 011701 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Paparo, L. Marrucci, G. Abbate, E. Santamato, M. Kreuzer, P. Lehnert, and T. Vogeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 38 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kroo, N.

A. S. Zolot'ko, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Bobolev, and L. Chilag, JETP Lett. 32, 250 (1981).

Lehnert, P.

D. Paparo, L. Marrucci, G. Abbate, E. Santamato, M. Kreuzer, P. Lehnert, and T. Vogeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 38 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Li and S.-T. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 896 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L. Y.

P. Yang, J. Shan, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, J. Phys. D 42, 085116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Yang, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, J. Chem. Phys. 128, 084710 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lloyd, A. D.

I. Jánossy, L. Csillag, and A. D. Lloyd, Phys. Rev. A 44, 8410 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Jánossy, A. D. Lloyd, and B. S. Wherrett, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 179, 1 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Marrucci, L.

M. Kreuzer, E. Benkler, D. Paparo, G. Casillo, and L. Marrucci, Phys. Rev. E 68, 011701 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Paparo, L. Marrucci, G. Abbate, E. Santamato, M. Kreuzer, P. Lehnert, and T. Vogeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 38 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Marrucci and D. Paparo, Phys. Rev. E 56, 1765 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Muenster, R.

R. Muenster, M. Jarasch, X. Zhuang, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Paparo, D.

M. Kreuzer, E. Benkler, D. Paparo, G. Casillo, and L. Marrucci, Phys. Rev. E 68, 011701 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Marrucci and D. Paparo, Phys. Rev. E 56, 1765 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Paparo, L. Marrucci, G. Abbate, E. Santamato, M. Kreuzer, P. Lehnert, and T. Vogeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 38 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pilipetskii, N. F.

B. Ya. Zel'dolvich, N. F. Pilipetskii, A. V. Sukhov, and N. V. Tabiryan, JETP Lett. 31, 263 (1980).

Santamato, E.

D. Paparo, L. Marrucci, G. Abbate, E. Santamato, M. Kreuzer, P. Lehnert, and T. Vogeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 38 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Santamato and Y. R. Shen, in Handbook of Liquid Crystal Research, P.J.Colligs and J.S.Patel, eds. (Oxford U. Press, 1997), p. 539.

Sgrò, A.

Shan, J.

P. Yang, J. Shan, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, J. Phys. D 42, 085116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

T. V. Truong and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 187802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. V. Truong, L. Xu, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Muenster, M. Jarasch, X. Zhuang, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Durbin, S. M. Arakelian, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1411 (1981).
[CrossRef]

E. Santamato and Y. R. Shen, in Handbook of Liquid Crystal Research, P.J.Colligs and J.S.Patel, eds. (Oxford U. Press, 1997), p. 539.

Simoni, F.

F. Simoni and O. Francescangeli, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, R439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Umeton, A. Sgrò, and F. Simoni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1938 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Sukhov, A. V.

B. Ya. Zel'dolvich, N. F. Pilipetskii, A. V. Sukhov, and N. V. Tabiryan, JETP Lett. 31, 263 (1980).

Tabiryan, N. V.

B. Ya. Zel'dolvich, N. F. Pilipetskii, A. V. Sukhov, and N. V. Tabiryan, JETP Lett. 31, 263 (1980).

Truong, T. V.

T. V. Truong and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 187802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. V. Truong, L. Xu, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Umeton, C.

Vogeler, T.

D. Paparo, L. Marrucci, G. Abbate, E. Santamato, M. Kreuzer, P. Lehnert, and T. Vogeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 38 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wherrett, B. S.

I. Jánossy, A. D. Lloyd, and B. S. Wherrett, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 179, 1 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.-T.

J. Li and S.-T. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 896 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

P. Yang, J. Shan, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, J. Phys. D 42, 085116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Yang, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, J. Chem. Phys. 128, 084710 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. V. Truong, L. Xu, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, P.

P. Yang, J. Shan, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, J. Phys. D 42, 085116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Yang, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, J. Chem. Phys. 128, 084710 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zel'dolvich, B. Ya.

B. Ya. Zel'dolvich, N. F. Pilipetskii, A. V. Sukhov, and N. V. Tabiryan, JETP Lett. 31, 263 (1980).

Zhuang, X.

R. Muenster, M. Jarasch, X. Zhuang, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zolot'ko, A. S.

A. S. Zolot'ko, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Bobolev, and L. Chilag, JETP Lett. 32, 250 (1981).

J. Appl. Phys.

J. Li and S.-T. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 896 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

P. Yang, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, J. Chem. Phys. 128, 084710 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Condens. Matter

F. Simoni and O. Francescangeli, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, R439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D

P. Yang, J. Shan, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, J. Phys. D 42, 085116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett.

B. Ya. Zel'dolvich, N. F. Pilipetskii, A. V. Sukhov, and N. V. Tabiryan, JETP Lett. 31, 263 (1980).

A. S. Zolot'ko, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Bobolev, and L. Chilag, JETP Lett. 32, 250 (1981).

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.

I. Jánossy, A. D. Lloyd, and B. S. Wherrett, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 179, 1 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

I. Jánossy, L. Csillag, and A. D. Lloyd, Phys. Rev. A 44, 8410 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E

I. Jánossy, Phys. Rev. E 49, 2957 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Marrucci and D. Paparo, Phys. Rev. E 56, 1765 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Kreuzer, E. Benkler, D. Paparo, G. Casillo, and L. Marrucci, Phys. Rev. E 68, 011701 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

T. V. Truong, L. Xu, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 193902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. V. Truong and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 187802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Paparo, L. Marrucci, G. Abbate, E. Santamato, M. Kreuzer, P. Lehnert, and T. Vogeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 38 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Muenster, M. Jarasch, X. Zhuang, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Durbin, S. M. Arakelian, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1411 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Other

E. Santamato and Y. R. Shen, in Handbook of Liquid Crystal Research, P.J.Colligs and J.S.Patel, eds. (Oxford U. Press, 1997), p. 539.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Change of D 1 D 0 as a function of light intensity. D 0 is the input beam diameter, and D 1 is the transmitted beam diameter. The input beam wavelengths are (a) 532 nm and (b) 325 nm . In (b), results on two LC cells ( 28 μ m thick and 22 μ m thick) are given.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Probe signal versus light intensity when the 28 μ m LC cell was pumped at 330, 328, 327, 326, and 325 nm. (b) Wavelength dependence of the enhancement factor κ R (solid blue dots) versus pump wavelength; the red line is the absorption curve of the LC cell.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I th ord = n e 2 n o ( n e 2 n o 2 ) c π 2 K 33 L 2 ,
κ R = κ α L 1 e α L ,
κ R α LC ( u g e τ D e u g g τ D g 1 ) ,
( u ge τ De u gg τ D g ) LC ( u h e τ D e u h g τ D g ) dye = κ R , LC α LC + 1 κ R , dye α dye + 1 = 0.34 ,

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