Abstract

To the best of our knowledge, a novel photonic architecture to generate vector signals at microwave/millimeter-wave bands employing an optical frequency quadrupling technique based on an external dual-parallel modulator is proposed for the first time. A 312.5 MSym/s quadruple phase-shift keying signal at 25 GHz is experimentally demonstrated using properly precoding driving signal at 6.25 GHz, and optical power penalty is negligible following 50 km single-mode fiber transmission.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]

2008 (6)

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2374 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bucholtz, F.

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2374 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. K.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

C. T. Lin, Y. M. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, Opt. Express 16, 6056 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. T. Lin, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, W. Q. Xue, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1027 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

C. T. Lin, Y. M. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, Opt. Express 16, 6056 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. T. Lin, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, W. Q. Xue, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1027 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Corral, J. L.

Dai, S. P.

George, J.

Hong, X.

Hraimell, B.

Jia, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kobyakov, A.

Li, J.

Lin, C. T.

C. T. Lin, Y. M. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, Opt. Express 16, 6056 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. T. Lin, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, W. Q. Xue, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1027 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

Lin, Y. M.

Martí, J.

Mohamed, M.

Peng, P. C.

C. T. Lin, Y. M. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, Opt. Express 16, 6056 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. T. Lin, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, W. Q. Xue, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1027 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Polo, V.

Qiu, J. X.

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2374 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rideout, H.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sambaraju, R.

Sauer, M.

Shih, P. T.

C. T. Lin, Y. M. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, Opt. Express 16, 6056 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. T. Lin, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, W. Q. Xue, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1027 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Urick, V. J.

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2374 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Way, W. I.

Weng, C. K.

Wu, J.

Wu, K.

Xu, K.

Xue, W. Q.

C. T. Lin, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, W. Q. Xue, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1027 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yi, L.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, F.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

Zhu, R.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, W. Q. Xue, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1027 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2374 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Concept of the proposed photonic vector signal generation using frequency quadrupling.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Principle diagram of the precoded QPSK signal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup of the proposed system.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spectrum of the generated QPSK signal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Constellations of the generated electrical QPSK signals. (a) Precoding driving signal. (b) BTB. (c) 25 km. (d) 50 km.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER curves of QPSK signals.

Equations (3)

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E out ( t ) = E o n = 1 J 4 n 2 [ m ( t ) ] { cos [ ( ω o ( 4 n 2 ) ω rf ) t 2 θ ( t ) ] + cos [ ( ω o + ( 4 n 2 ) ω rf ) t + 2 θ ( t ) ] } ,
E out ( t ) = E o { J 2 [ m ( t ) ] cos [ ( ω o + 2 ω rf ) t + 2 θ ( t ) ] + J 2 [ m ( t ) ] cos [ ( ω o 2 ω rf ) t 2 θ ( t ) ] } .
i 4 ω rf ( t ) = 1 2 R J 2 2 [ m ( t ) ] cos [ 4 ω rf t + 4 θ ( t ) ] .

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