Abstract

We report passive mode locking of a soliton erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic of the fundamental cavity frequency. Repetition rates up to 3GHz have been obtained with pulses of 1ps duration and 18pJ of energy. The supermode suppression at the 322nd harmonic is better than 25dB. In addition, the transition dynamics from a bunched state of pulses to stable harmonic mode locking is presented, revealing a very long time scale.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2007

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 592 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Komarov, K. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, J. Opt. A 9, 1149 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, Opt. Commun. 267, 162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, D. G. Ouzounov, and F. Wise, Opt. Lett. 31, 1041 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, G. Martel, and M. Brunel, Appl. Phys. B 81, 507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

2002

2001

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, S. Louis, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3389 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, Opt. Lett. 23, 123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

1986

D. Von Der Lind, Appl. Phys. B B39, 201 (1986).

Bergman, K.

B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, Opt. Lett. 23, 123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brunel, M.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, G. Martel, and M. Brunel, Appl. Phys. B 81, 507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, and M. Brunel, Opt. Lett. 29, 1995 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, Opt. Lett. 28, 1305 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, S. Louis, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3389 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Buckley, J. R.

Carruthers, T. F.

Chartier, T.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, Opt. Lett. 28, 1305 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, S. Louis, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3389 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Clark, W. G.

Collings, B. C.

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, Opt. Lett. 23, 123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Duling, I. N.

Gray, S.

Grein, M. E.

Grelu, Ph.

J. M. Soto-Crespo and Ph. Grelu, in Dissipative Solitons, N.Akhmediev and A.Ankiewicz, eds., Vol. 661 of Lecture Notes in Physics (Springer, 2005), pp. 207-240.
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, A. B.

Haus, H. A.

Hideur, A.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, G. Martel, and M. Brunel, Appl. Phys. B 81, 507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, and M. Brunel, Opt. Lett. 29, 1995 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, Opt. Lett. 28, 1305 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, S. Louis, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3389 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F. Ö.

Ippen, E. P.

Jiang, L. A.

Knox, W. H.

B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, Opt. Lett. 23, 123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Komarov, A.

A. Komarov, K. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, J. Opt. A 9, 1149 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, Opt. Commun. 267, 162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Komarov, K.

A. Komarov, K. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, J. Opt. A 9, 1149 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kutz, J. N.

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Leblond, H.

A. Komarov, K. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, J. Opt. A 9, 1149 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, Opt. Commun. 267, 162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. L. T.

Lim, H.

Louis, S.

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, S. Louis, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3389 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Luo, S. Y.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 592 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martel, G.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, G. Martel, and M. Brunel, Appl. Phys. B 81, 507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ortaç, B.

Ouzounov, D. G.

Özkul, C.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, Opt. Lett. 28, 1305 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, S. Louis, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3389 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ram, R. J.

Rana, F.

Sanchez, F.

A. Komarov, K. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, J. Opt. A 9, 1149 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, Opt. Commun. 267, 162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, Opt. Lett. 28, 1305 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, S. Louis, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3389 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

J. M. Soto-Crespo and Ph. Grelu, in Dissipative Solitons, N.Akhmediev and A.Ankiewicz, eds., Vol. 661 of Lecture Notes in Physics (Springer, 2005), pp. 207-240.
[CrossRef]

Von Der Lind, D.

D. Von Der Lind, Appl. Phys. B B39, 201 (1986).

Wise, F.

Xia, Y. X.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 592 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X. X.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 592 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, L.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 592 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. X.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 592 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, S.

Appl. Phys. B

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, G. Martel, and M. Brunel, Appl. Phys. B 81, 507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Von Der Lind, Appl. Phys. B B39, 201 (1986).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, S. Louis, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3389 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A

A. Komarov, K. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, J. Opt. A 9, 1149 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Laser Phys. Lett.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 592 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, Opt. Commun. 267, 162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

J. M. Soto-Crespo and Ph. Grelu, in Dissipative Solitons, N.Akhmediev and A.Ankiewicz, eds., Vol. 661 of Lecture Notes in Physics (Springer, 2005), pp. 207-240.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. VSP, v-groove side-pumping; DCF, double-clad fiber; DSF, dispersion-shifted fiber; SMF, single-mode fiber; PBS, polarization beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal distribution of the output intensity at different recording times. (a) t = 0 , (d) t = 40 s , and (e) t = 200 s . (f) is an enlargement of (e).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

RF spectrum of the output intensity in the range 0 13 GHz . Inset, enlargement around the repetition frequency of the cavity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelation trace and a sech fit (dashed curve).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical spectrum.

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