Abstract

We demonstrate a Nd:YAG laser emitting radially polarized, mode-locked 140ps long pulses by exploiting the thermally induced birefringence of a Nd:YAG crystal. The laser repetition rate is 82MHz, the maximum average output power is 3W, and the beam quality is close to the theoretical value of M2=2.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nesterov, J. Phys. D 32, 1455 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, Appl. Phys. A 86, 329 (2007).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Gloeckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. C. Tidwell, G. H. Kim, and W. D. Kimura, Appl. Opt. 32, 5222 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. G. Volpe, and D. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 237, 89 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  9. H. Kawauchi, Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Opt. Lett. 33, 399 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Mushiake, K. Matsumura, and N. Nakajima, Proc. IEEE 60, 1107 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  11. D. Pohl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 266 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  12. T. Moser, M. A. Ahmed, F. Pigeon, O. Parriaux, E. Wyss, and T. Graf, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 234 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  13. J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, K. Ueda, and Y. Senatsky, Opt. Express 14, 3304 (2006).
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  14. Y. Kozawa and S. Sato, Opt. Lett. 30, 3063 (2005).
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    [Crossref]
  16. P. Muys, T. Moser, and T. Feurer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2627 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  17. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer, 2006).

2008 (2)

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Kawauchi, Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Opt. Lett. 33, 399 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

P. Muys, T. Moser, and T. Feurer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2627 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, Appl. Phys. A 86, 329 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

T. Moser, M. A. Ahmed, F. Pigeon, O. Parriaux, E. Wyss, and T. Graf, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhan, Opt. Express 12, 3377 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Volpe, and D. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 237, 89 (2004).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Gloeckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nesterov, J. Phys. D 32, 1455 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, I. V. Pogorelsky, K. P. Kusche, R. C. Fernow, X. Wang, and Y. Liu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

1972 (2)

Y. Mushiake, K. Matsumura, and N. Nakajima, Proc. IEEE 60, 1107 (1972).
[Crossref]

D. Pohl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 266 (1972).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, M. A.

T. Moser, M. A. Ahmed, F. Pigeon, O. Parriaux, E. Wyss, and T. Graf, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bisson, J.-F.

Dorn, R.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Gloeckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[Crossref]

Eberler, M.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Gloeckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[Crossref]

Fernow, R. C.

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, I. V. Pogorelsky, K. P. Kusche, R. C. Fernow, X. Wang, and Y. Liu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feurer, T.

M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, Appl. Phys. A 86, 329 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Muys, T. Moser, and T. Feurer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2627 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gloeckl, O.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Gloeckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[Crossref]

Graf, T.

T. Moser, M. A. Ahmed, F. Pigeon, O. Parriaux, E. Wyss, and T. Graf, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hirano, T.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[Crossref]

Inoue, Y.

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kawakami, S.

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Kawauchi, Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Opt. Lett. 33, 399 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawauchi, H.

Kim, G. H.

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, I. V. Pogorelsky, K. P. Kusche, R. C. Fernow, X. Wang, and Y. Liu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. C. Tidwell, G. H. Kim, and W. D. Kimura, Appl. Opt. 32, 5222 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimura, W. D.

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, I. V. Pogorelsky, K. P. Kusche, R. C. Fernow, X. Wang, and Y. Liu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. C. Tidwell, G. H. Kim, and W. D. Kimura, Appl. Opt. 32, 5222 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer, 2006).

Kozawa, Y.

Kuga, T.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kusche, K. P.

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, I. V. Pogorelsky, K. P. Kusche, R. C. Fernow, X. Wang, and Y. Liu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leuchs, G.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Gloeckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Liu, Y.

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, I. V. Pogorelsky, K. P. Kusche, R. C. Fernow, X. Wang, and Y. Liu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matsumura, K.

Y. Mushiake, K. Matsumura, and N. Nakajima, Proc. IEEE 60, 1107 (1972).
[Crossref]

Meier, M.

M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, Appl. Phys. A 86, 329 (2007).
[Crossref]

Moser, T.

P. Muys, T. Moser, and T. Feurer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2627 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Moser, M. A. Ahmed, F. Pigeon, O. Parriaux, E. Wyss, and T. Graf, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mushiake, Y.

Y. Mushiake, K. Matsumura, and N. Nakajima, Proc. IEEE 60, 1107 (1972).
[Crossref]

Muys, P.

Nakajima, N.

Y. Mushiake, K. Matsumura, and N. Nakajima, Proc. IEEE 60, 1107 (1972).
[Crossref]

Nesterov, A. V.

V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nesterov, J. Phys. D 32, 1455 (1999).
[Crossref]

Niziev, V. G.

V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nesterov, J. Phys. D 32, 1455 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ohtera, Y.

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008 (2008).
[Crossref]

Parriaux, O.

T. Moser, M. A. Ahmed, F. Pigeon, O. Parriaux, E. Wyss, and T. Graf, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Petrov, D.

G. Volpe, and D. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 237, 89 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pigeon, F.

T. Moser, M. A. Ahmed, F. Pigeon, O. Parriaux, E. Wyss, and T. Graf, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pogorelsky, I. V.

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, I. V. Pogorelsky, K. P. Kusche, R. C. Fernow, X. Wang, and Y. Liu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pohl, D.

D. Pohl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 266 (1972).
[Crossref]

Quabis, S.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Gloeckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[Crossref]

Romano, V.

M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, Appl. Phys. A 86, 329 (2007).
[Crossref]

Romea, R. D.

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, I. V. Pogorelsky, K. P. Kusche, R. C. Fernow, X. Wang, and Y. Liu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sasada, H.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sato, S.

Sato, T.

H. Kawauchi, Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Opt. Lett. 33, 399 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008 (2008).
[Crossref]

Senatsky, Y.

Shimizu, Y.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shiokawa, N.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[Crossref]

Steinhauer, L. C.

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, I. V. Pogorelsky, K. P. Kusche, R. C. Fernow, X. Wang, and Y. Liu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tidwell, S. C.

Torii, Y.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ueda, K.

Volpe, G.

G. Volpe, and D. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 237, 89 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, I. V. Pogorelsky, K. P. Kusche, R. C. Fernow, X. Wang, and Y. Liu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wyss, E.

T. Moser, M. A. Ahmed, F. Pigeon, O. Parriaux, E. Wyss, and T. Graf, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhan, Q.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. A (1)

M. Meier, V. Romano, and T. Feurer, Appl. Phys. A 86, 329 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

Y. Kozawa, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Inoue, Y. Ohtera, and S. Kawakami, Appl. Phys. Express 1, 022008 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Pohl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 266 (1972).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D (1)

V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nesterov, J. Phys. D 32, 1455 (1999).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Moser, M. A. Ahmed, F. Pigeon, O. Parriaux, E. Wyss, and T. Graf, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Gloeckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[Crossref]

G. Volpe, and D. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 237, 89 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

W. D. Kimura, G. H. Kim, R. D. Romea, L. C. Steinhauer, I. V. Pogorelsky, K. P. Kusche, R. C. Fernow, X. Wang, and Y. Liu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 546 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713 (1997).
[Crossref]

Proc. IEEE (1)

Y. Mushiake, K. Matsumura, and N. Nakajima, Proc. IEEE 60, 1107 (1972).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer, 2006).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Focal length of the thermal lens versus electrical power; squares, measurement; solid curve, best fit. (b) Geometry of the laser resonator. Distances are in units of millimeters. A, laser crystal; B, aperture; and C, acousto-optic modulator. Radii of curvature: left mirror 2 m , right mirror 1.2 m . (c) Beam radius ( 1 e 2 ) of the radially polarized transverse resonator mode as a function of position within the resonator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured output power as a function of electrical power. The calculated stability regions are indicated. Dark gray, unstable; light gray (left side), only radially polarized mode is stable; white, radially and azimuthally polarized modes are stable; light gray (right side), only azimuthally polarized mode is stable. The CCD images show beam profiles for different electrical powers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

CCD images of the beam profile of a radially polarized beam. (a) No polarizer, and polarizer set to (b) 0 ° , (c) 45 ° , and (d) 90 ° .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Second-order background-free autocorrelation measurement together with a Gaussian fit. The inset shows the fourfold symmetry of the second-harmonic beam profile after Type II frequency doubling.

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