A new (to our knowledge) multiperspective 3D imaging architecture is proposed that uses imagers distributed along a common optical axis. In this axially distributed sensing method, either a single imager is translated along its optical axis or objects are moved parallel to the optical axis of a single imager. The 3D information collection capability of the proposed architecture is analyzed and a computational 3D reconstruction algorithm based on ray back-projection is proposed. It is shown analytically and experimentally that the collection capacity of this architecture is not uniform over the field of view. Experimental results are presented to verify the proposed approach. We believe this is the first report on 3D sensing and imaging with axially distributed sensing.
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