Abstract

A mechanism for resonantly diffracting surface waves is presented. Symmetric and antisymmetric Bloch surface modes, prism coupled via evanescent coupling on a one-dimensional photonic crystal slab, are backdiffracted by means of a very shallow sinusoidal grating located on the top of the slab. At a given wavelength, resonant diffraction is produced when the grating vector equals the spatial beat frequency between the two modes. The presented mechanism is particularly attractive in optical sensing schemes in which both a high surface sensitivity and high diffraction efficiencies are required.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Yeh and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 104 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. M. Robertson and M. S. May, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1800 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Villa, L. E. Regelado, F. Ramos-Mendieta, J. Gaspar-Armenta, and T. Lopez-Ríos, Opt. Lett. 27, 646 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Guillermain, V. Lysenko, R. Orobtchouk, T. Benyattou, S. Roux, A. Pillonnet, and P. Perriat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241116 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. Descrovi, F. Frascella, B. Sciacca, F. Geobaldo, L. Dominici, and F. Michelotti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241109 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Opt. Express 16, 5453 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231122 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. J. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, R. C. McPhedran, N.-A. P. Nicorovici, and D. Maystre, Opt. Express 15, 8163 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. Descrovi, F. Giorgis, L. Dominici, and F. Michelotti, Opt. Lett. 33, 243 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061108 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. B. Rothenhäusler and W. Knoll, Opt. Commun. 63, 301 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Liscidini and J. E. Sipe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 253125 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Liscidini, M. Galli, M. Patrini, R. Loo, C. Goh, C. Ricciardi, F. Giorgis and J. E. Sipe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 043117 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. L. Li, G. Granet, J. P. Plumey and J. Chandezon, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 141 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Liscidini and J. E. Sipe, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 279 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (3)

M. Liscidini, M. Galli, M. Patrini, R. Loo, C. Goh, C. Ricciardi, F. Giorgis and J. E. Sipe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 043117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Liscidini and J. E. Sipe, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

E. Descrovi, F. Giorgis, L. Dominici, and F. Michelotti, Opt. Lett. 33, 243 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Opt. Express 16, 5453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Liscidini and J. E. Sipe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 253125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

E. Guillermain, V. Lysenko, R. Orobtchouk, T. Benyattou, S. Roux, A. Pillonnet, and P. Perriat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Descrovi, F. Frascella, B. Sciacca, F. Geobaldo, L. Dominici, and F. Michelotti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, R. C. McPhedran, N.-A. P. Nicorovici, and D. Maystre, Opt. Express 15, 8163 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

F. Yu, S. Tian, D. Yao and W. Knoll, Anal. Chem. 76, 3530 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

1999 (1)

W. M. Robertson and M. S. May, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1800 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

L. Li, G. Granet, J. P. Plumey and J. Chandezon, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

B. Rothenhäusler and W. Knoll, Opt. Commun. 63, 301 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

P. Yeh and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 104 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Alleyne, C. J.

Benyattou, T.

E. Guillermain, V. Lysenko, R. Orobtchouk, T. Benyattou, S. Roux, A. Pillonnet, and P. Perriat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chandezon, J.

L. Li, G. Granet, J. P. Plumey and J. Chandezon, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Descrovi, E.

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Descrovi, F. Giorgis, L. Dominici, and F. Michelotti, Opt. Lett. 33, 243 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Opt. Express 16, 5453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Descrovi, F. Frascella, B. Sciacca, F. Geobaldo, L. Dominici, and F. Michelotti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dominici, L.

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Opt. Express 16, 5453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Descrovi, F. Giorgis, L. Dominici, and F. Michelotti, Opt. Lett. 33, 243 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Descrovi, F. Frascella, B. Sciacca, F. Geobaldo, L. Dominici, and F. Michelotti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fedyanin, A. A.

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Frascella, F.

E. Descrovi, F. Frascella, B. Sciacca, F. Geobaldo, L. Dominici, and F. Michelotti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Galli, M.

M. Liscidini, M. Galli, M. Patrini, R. Loo, C. Goh, C. Ricciardi, F. Giorgis and J. E. Sipe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 043117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gaspar-Armenta, J.

Geobaldo, F.

E. Descrovi, F. Frascella, B. Sciacca, F. Geobaldo, L. Dominici, and F. Michelotti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Giorgis, F.

M. Liscidini, M. Galli, M. Patrini, R. Loo, C. Goh, C. Ricciardi, F. Giorgis and J. E. Sipe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 043117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Opt. Express 16, 5453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Descrovi, F. Giorgis, L. Dominici, and F. Michelotti, Opt. Lett. 33, 243 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goh, C.

M. Liscidini, M. Galli, M. Patrini, R. Loo, C. Goh, C. Ricciardi, F. Giorgis and J. E. Sipe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 043117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Granet, G.

L. Li, G. Granet, J. P. Plumey and J. Chandezon, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Guillermain, E.

E. Guillermain, V. Lysenko, R. Orobtchouk, T. Benyattou, S. Roux, A. Pillonnet, and P. Perriat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Herzig, H.-P.

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Opt. Express 16, 5453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kirk, A. G.

Knoll, W.

F. Yu, S. Tian, D. Yao and W. Knoll, Anal. Chem. 76, 3530 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Rothenhäusler and W. Knoll, Opt. Commun. 63, 301 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

L. Li, G. Granet, J. P. Plumey and J. Chandezon, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Liscidini, M.

M. Liscidini, M. Galli, M. Patrini, R. Loo, C. Goh, C. Ricciardi, F. Giorgis and J. E. Sipe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 043117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Liscidini and J. E. Sipe, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Liscidini and J. E. Sipe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 253125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Loo, R.

M. Liscidini, M. Galli, M. Patrini, R. Loo, C. Goh, C. Ricciardi, F. Giorgis and J. E. Sipe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 043117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Ríos, T.

Lysenko, V.

E. Guillermain, V. Lysenko, R. Orobtchouk, T. Benyattou, S. Roux, A. Pillonnet, and P. Perriat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

May, M. S.

W. M. Robertson and M. S. May, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1800 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maystre, D.

McPhedran, R. C.

Michelotti, F.

E. Descrovi, F. Giorgis, L. Dominici, and F. Michelotti, Opt. Lett. 33, 243 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Opt. Express 16, 5453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Descrovi, F. Frascella, B. Sciacca, F. Geobaldo, L. Dominici, and F. Michelotti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, W.

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Opt. Express 16, 5453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nicorovici, N.-A. P.

Orobtchouk, R.

E. Guillermain, V. Lysenko, R. Orobtchouk, T. Benyattou, S. Roux, A. Pillonnet, and P. Perriat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Patrini, M.

M. Liscidini, M. Galli, M. Patrini, R. Loo, C. Goh, C. Ricciardi, F. Giorgis and J. E. Sipe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 043117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Perriat, P.

E. Guillermain, V. Lysenko, R. Orobtchouk, T. Benyattou, S. Roux, A. Pillonnet, and P. Perriat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pillonnet, A.

E. Guillermain, V. Lysenko, R. Orobtchouk, T. Benyattou, S. Roux, A. Pillonnet, and P. Perriat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Plumey, J. P.

L. Li, G. Granet, J. P. Plumey and J. Chandezon, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ramos-Mendieta, F.

Regelado, L. E.

Ricciardi, C.

M. Liscidini, M. Galli, M. Patrini, R. Loo, C. Goh, C. Ricciardi, F. Giorgis and J. E. Sipe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 043117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, W. M.

W. M. Robertson and M. S. May, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1800 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rothenhäusler, B.

B. Rothenhäusler and W. Knoll, Opt. Commun. 63, 301 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Roux, S.

E. Guillermain, V. Lysenko, R. Orobtchouk, T. Benyattou, S. Roux, A. Pillonnet, and P. Perriat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sciacca, B.

E. Descrovi, F. Frascella, B. Sciacca, F. Geobaldo, L. Dominici, and F. Michelotti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sfez, T.

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Opt. Express 16, 5453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

M. Liscidini, M. Galli, M. Patrini, R. Loo, C. Goh, C. Ricciardi, F. Giorgis and J. E. Sipe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 043117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Liscidini and J. E. Sipe, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Liscidini and J. E. Sipe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 253125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Soboleva, I. V.

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Summonte, C.

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tian, S.

F. Yu, S. Tian, D. Yao and W. Knoll, Anal. Chem. 76, 3530 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villa, F.

Yao, D.

F. Yu, S. Tian, D. Yao and W. Knoll, Anal. Chem. 76, 3530 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

P. Yeh and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 104 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 104 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Yu, F.

F. Yu, S. Tian, D. Yao and W. Knoll, Anal. Chem. 76, 3530 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem. (1)

F. Yu, S. Tian, D. Yao and W. Knoll, Anal. Chem. 76, 3530 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

M. Liscidini and J. E. Sipe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 253125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Liscidini, M. Galli, M. Patrini, R. Loo, C. Goh, C. Ricciardi, F. Giorgis and J. E. Sipe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 043117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Yeh and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 104 (1978).
[CrossRef]

W. M. Robertson and M. S. May, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1800 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Guillermain, V. Lysenko, R. Orobtchouk, T. Benyattou, S. Roux, A. Pillonnet, and P. Perriat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Descrovi, F. Frascella, B. Sciacca, F. Geobaldo, L. Dominici, and F. Michelotti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 241109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H.-P. Herzig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

B. Rothenhäusler and W. Knoll, Opt. Commun. 63, 301 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

L. Li, G. Granet, J. P. Plumey and J. Chandezon, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sketch of the 1DPC geometries considered: (a) planar and (b) corrugated 1DPC slab. Arrows indicate incident (I), zero-order ( R 0 ) and first-order ( R 1 , R + 1 ) back-diffracted light. Air gap is 1 μ m wide.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflectance map η R 0 ( θ , λ ) of the planar 1DPC slab illuminated accordingly to Fig. 1. Insets, cross-sectional field amplitude distributions of the symmetric and antisymmetric modes as indicated by the arrows.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Diffraction efficiencies as a function on the incidence angle θ at λ = 1500 nm in the (a) planar 1DPC structure and (b) and (c) corrugated 1DPC structure, plus the back-diffracted (b) zeroth-order η R 0 and (c) first orders η R + 1 and η R 1 . Note the mode splitting introduced by the presence of the grating.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Diffraction efficiency map of the first back-diffracted order η R 1 ( θ ) for different grating period Λ. (b) Cross-sectional profiles of η R 1 ( θ ) along the two lines of local maxima as indicated in (a).

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