Abstract

We describe an adaptive interferometer based on rubidium vapor, which combines a good signal-to-noise ratio with a high cutoff frequency of 1  MHz. These features can be useful for optical detection of ultrasound generated in diffusely scattering objects in the presence of strong environmentally produced vibrations.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. B. Scruby and L. E. Drain, Laser Ultrasonics: Techniques and Applications (Hilger, 1990).
  2. R. J. Dewhurst and Q. Shan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, R139 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Solymar, D. J. Webb, and A. Grunnet-Jepsen, The Physics and Applications of Photorefractive Materials (Oxford U. Press, 1996), Chap. 13.
  4. S. Stepanov, in Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices, Vol. 2 of Semiconductor Devices, H.S.Nalwa, ed. (Academic, 2001), p. 205.
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Delaye, A. Blouin, D. Drolet, L. A. de Montmorillon, G. Roosen, and J. P. Monchalin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1723 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Campagne, A. Blouin, L. Pujol, and J. P. Monchalin, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2478 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Korneev and O. Benavides, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1899 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. M. Rochester, D. S. Hsiung, D. Budker, R. Y. Chiao, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk, Phys. Rev. A 63, 043814 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Rodriguez Montero, S. Stepanov, C. C. Wang, and S. Trivedi, Nondestr. Test. Eval. 21, 91 (2006).

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

P. Rodriguez Montero, S. Stepanov, C. C. Wang, and S. Trivedi, Nondestr. Test. Eval. 21, 91 (2006).

2001 (2)

B. Campagne, A. Blouin, L. Pujol, and J. P. Monchalin, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2478 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Rochester, D. S. Hsiung, D. Budker, R. Y. Chiao, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk, Phys. Rev. A 63, 043814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. J. Dewhurst and Q. Shan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, R139 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Benavides, O.

Blouin, A.

Budker, D.

S. M. Rochester, D. S. Hsiung, D. Budker, R. Y. Chiao, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk, Phys. Rev. A 63, 043814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Campagne, B.

B. Campagne, A. Blouin, L. Pujol, and J. P. Monchalin, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2478 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chiao, R. Y.

S. M. Rochester, D. S. Hsiung, D. Budker, R. Y. Chiao, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk, Phys. Rev. A 63, 043814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

de Montmorillon, L. A.

Delaye, P.

Dewhurst, R. J.

R. J. Dewhurst and Q. Shan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, R139 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Drain, L. E.

C. B. Scruby and L. E. Drain, Laser Ultrasonics: Techniques and Applications (Hilger, 1990).

Drolet, D.

Grunnet-Jepsen, A.

L. Solymar, D. J. Webb, and A. Grunnet-Jepsen, The Physics and Applications of Photorefractive Materials (Oxford U. Press, 1996), Chap. 13.

Hsiung, D. S.

S. M. Rochester, D. S. Hsiung, D. Budker, R. Y. Chiao, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk, Phys. Rev. A 63, 043814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kimball, D. F.

S. M. Rochester, D. S. Hsiung, D. Budker, R. Y. Chiao, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk, Phys. Rev. A 63, 043814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Korneev, N.

Monchalin, J. P.

Pujol, L.

B. Campagne, A. Blouin, L. Pujol, and J. P. Monchalin, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2478 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rochester, S. M.

S. M. Rochester, D. S. Hsiung, D. Budker, R. Y. Chiao, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk, Phys. Rev. A 63, 043814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez Montero, P.

P. Rodriguez Montero, S. Stepanov, C. C. Wang, and S. Trivedi, Nondestr. Test. Eval. 21, 91 (2006).

Roosen, G.

Scruby, C. B.

C. B. Scruby and L. E. Drain, Laser Ultrasonics: Techniques and Applications (Hilger, 1990).

Shan, Q.

R. J. Dewhurst and Q. Shan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, R139 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Solymar, L.

L. Solymar, D. J. Webb, and A. Grunnet-Jepsen, The Physics and Applications of Photorefractive Materials (Oxford U. Press, 1996), Chap. 13.

Stepanov, S.

P. Rodriguez Montero, S. Stepanov, C. C. Wang, and S. Trivedi, Nondestr. Test. Eval. 21, 91 (2006).

S. Stepanov, in Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices, Vol. 2 of Semiconductor Devices, H.S.Nalwa, ed. (Academic, 2001), p. 205.
[CrossRef]

Trivedi, S.

P. Rodriguez Montero, S. Stepanov, C. C. Wang, and S. Trivedi, Nondestr. Test. Eval. 21, 91 (2006).

Wang, C. C.

P. Rodriguez Montero, S. Stepanov, C. C. Wang, and S. Trivedi, Nondestr. Test. Eval. 21, 91 (2006).

Webb, D. J.

L. Solymar, D. J. Webb, and A. Grunnet-Jepsen, The Physics and Applications of Photorefractive Materials (Oxford U. Press, 1996), Chap. 13.

Yashchuk, V. V.

S. M. Rochester, D. S. Hsiung, D. Budker, R. Y. Chiao, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk, Phys. Rev. A 63, 043814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

R. J. Dewhurst and Q. Shan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, R139 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nondestr. Test. Eval. (1)

P. Rodriguez Montero, S. Stepanov, C. C. Wang, and S. Trivedi, Nondestr. Test. Eval. 21, 91 (2006).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. M. Rochester, D. S. Hsiung, D. Budker, R. Y. Chiao, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk, Phys. Rev. A 63, 043814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

B. Campagne, A. Blouin, L. Pujol, and J. P. Monchalin, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2478 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

C. B. Scruby and L. E. Drain, Laser Ultrasonics: Techniques and Applications (Hilger, 1990).

L. Solymar, D. J. Webb, and A. Grunnet-Jepsen, The Physics and Applications of Photorefractive Materials (Oxford U. Press, 1996), Chap. 13.

S. Stepanov, in Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices, Vol. 2 of Semiconductor Devices, H.S.Nalwa, ed. (Academic, 2001), p. 205.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. EOM, electro-optic phase modulator. The angle between the beams inside the cell is exaggerated for better visibility.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Response of the two photodetectors to the square wave phase modulation in the signal arm. No averaging is used. The phase modulation amplitude is Δ = 0.15   rad . The visible noise is bigger than the actual level because the oscilloscope scale is chosen to show dc components of signals as well as ac.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Differential photodetector signal resulting from a single pulse of the ultrasound transducer attached to the back side of the polished aluminum plate. The signal before the first spike is the electric pickup from the transducer power supply.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Trace of the signal after a single laser pulse is applied (lower trace). The signal from the ultrasound transducer averaged over 16 shots is shown for comparison (not to scale, upper trace). Both traces have spikes corresponding to ultrasound wave reflections from the plate surfaces, but for the laser induced pulse the spikes are narrower. The amplitude for the laser-generated first spike is about 40 nm.

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