Abstract

The first (to our knowledge) resonantly pumped laser action based on the F33H43 transition of a Pr3+ ion is demonstrated. Pr3+-doped RbPb2Cl5 laser in-line pumped at 1547nm exhibited slope efficiency of over 21% at 1676.5nm, despite the marginal quality of the laser sample available for this proof-of-concept experiment. This is believed to be the first non-Er3+ resonantly pumped 1.6μm eye-safe laser ever reported.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Setzler, M. Francis, Y. Young, J. Konves, and E. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. P. Barnes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 435 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. Merkle, A. Ikesue, and M. Dubinskii, Opt. Lett. 33, 1524 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. R. Bowman, J. Ganem, B. J. Feldman, and A. W. Kueny, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2925 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, Quantum Electron. 36, 41 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Topical Meeting, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper W03.
  8. S. Biswal, S. O'Connor, and S. R. Bowman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091911 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, G. A. Newburgh, and M. Dubinskii, Laser Phys. 19, 867 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, G. A. Newburgh, and M. Dubinskii, Laser Phys. 19, 867 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. Merkle, A. Ikesue, and M. Dubinskii, Opt. Lett. 33, 1524 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

N. P. Barnes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 435 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, Quantum Electron. 36, 41 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Biswal, S. O'Connor, and S. R. Bowman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

S. Setzler, M. Francis, Y. Young, J. Konves, and E. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1994

S. R. Bowman, J. Ganem, B. J. Feldman, and A. W. Kueny, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2925 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, R. L.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, N. P.

N. P. Barnes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 435 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Biswal, S.

S. Biswal, S. O'Connor, and S. R. Bowman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bowman, S. R.

S. Biswal, S. O'Connor, and S. R. Bowman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Bowman, J. Ganem, B. J. Feldman, and A. W. Kueny, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2925 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Butvina, L. N.

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, Quantum Electron. 36, 41 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Topical Meeting, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper W03.

Chann, B.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chicklis, E.

S. Setzler, M. Francis, Y. Young, J. Konves, and E. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, Quantum Electron. 36, 41 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Topical Meeting, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper W03.

Dubinskii, M.

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, G. A. Newburgh, and M. Dubinskii, Laser Phys. 19, 867 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. Merkle, A. Ikesue, and M. Dubinskii, Opt. Lett. 33, 1524 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, B. J.

S. R. Bowman, J. Ganem, B. J. Feldman, and A. W. Kueny, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2925 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Francis, M.

S. Setzler, M. Francis, Y. Young, J. Konves, and E. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ganem, J.

S. R. Bowman, J. Ganem, B. J. Feldman, and A. W. Kueny, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2925 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hu, W.

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ikesue, A.

Konves, J.

S. Setzler, M. Francis, Y. Young, J. Konves, and E. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kueny, A. W.

S. R. Bowman, J. Ganem, B. J. Feldman, and A. W. Kueny, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2925 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lammert, R. M.

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lichkova, N. V.

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, Quantum Electron. 36, 41 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Topical Meeting, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper W03.

Merkle, L.

Merkle, L. D.

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, G. A. Newburgh, and M. Dubinskii, Laser Phys. 19, 867 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Newburgh, G. A.

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, G. A. Newburgh, and M. Dubinskii, Laser Phys. 19, 867 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ochoa, J. R.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O'Connor, S.

S. Biswal, S. O'Connor, and S. R. Bowman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oh, S. W.

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, Quantum Electron. 36, 41 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Topical Meeting, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper W03.

Osowski, M. L.

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ripin, D. J.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rudy, P. T.

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Setzler, S.

S. Setzler, M. Francis, Y. Young, J. Konves, and E. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shestakov, A. V.

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, Quantum Electron. 36, 41 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Topical Meeting, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper W03.

Spitzberg, J.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stakelon, T.

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ter-Gabrielyan, N.

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, G. A. Newburgh, and M. Dubinskii, Laser Phys. 19, 867 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. Merkle, A. Ikesue, and M. Dubinskii, Opt. Lett. 33, 1524 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tilleman, M.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ungar, J. E.

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vaissie, L.

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Young, Y.

S. Setzler, M. Francis, Y. Young, J. Konves, and E. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zagorodnev, V. N.

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, Quantum Electron. 36, 41 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Topical Meeting, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper W03.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Biswal, S. O'Connor, and S. R. Bowman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. R. Bowman, J. Ganem, B. J. Feldman, and A. W. Kueny, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2925 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

S. Setzler, M. Francis, Y. Young, J. Konves, and E. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Barnes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 435 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, L. D. Merkle, G. A. Newburgh, and M. Dubinskii, Laser Phys. 19, 867 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

M. L. Osowski, W. Hu, R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, L. Vaissie, and J. E. Ungar, Proc. SPIE 6952, 695208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron.

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, Quantum Electron. 36, 41 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and A. V. Shestakov, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Topical Meeting, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper W03.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Overlay of (1) a I 15 2 4 I 13 2 4 absorption spectrum of Er:YAG at 77 K , (3) absorption spectrum of Pr 3 + : Rb Pb 2 Cl 5 (RPC) at 77 K , and (2) typical, free-running (nonnarrowed), emission spectrum of the 1532 nm In Ga As P In P pump laser diode. One can see that absorption features of Pr 3 + : RPC can easily accommodate the In Ga As P In P laser diode spectral width, even at cryogenic temperatures. Downward arrowed brackets on top show the corresponding spectral spans for the H 4 3 F 4 3 and H 4 3 F 3 3 absorption bands of Pr 3 + in RPC. Dashed arrow indicates the pump wavelength used in our laser experiments.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Oscilloscope trace presenting an overlay of the pump signal (top curve) and the laser output signal (bottom curve) for timing comparison. NU, normalized units (arbitrary units normalized to 1). The laser output pulse duration is longer than the upper laser level lifetime, which is indicative of a cw mode of operation within the pump pulse duration. Relaxation oscillations, though discernible, are very minor in this case.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Quasi-cw operation of the cryo-cooled ( 77 K ) Pr 3 + -doped RPC laser: output pulse energy versus absorbed pump pulse energy. Pump wavelength, 1547 nm ; output wavelength, 1676.5 nm . Inset, simplified energy level scheme of Pr 3 + ion in Rb Pb 2 Cl 5 crystal with the pump and laser transitions indicated by the up and down arrows, respectively. It clearly indicates the purely resonant, low-quantum-defect H 4 3 F 3 3 pump-lase laser scheme despite the presence of numerous other levels in the vicinity (this is made possible by the low-phonon nature of the laser host).

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