Abstract

We demonstrate a method for a tunable optical delay element that allows for minimal residual dispersion and double the relative delay. A tunable delay of 503ns for 40Gbits return-to-zero on–off keying and return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying is shown with a reduction in residual dispersion of 95%.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Saruwatari, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1363 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. O. F. Yilmaz, L. Christen, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, I. Fazal, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 33, 1954 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. K. Dhodhi, S. Tariq, and K. A. Saleh, Comput. Commun. 24, 1726 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2006), post-deadline paper Th4.4.3.
  5. J. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, J. van Howe, C. Xu, Y. Wang, A. Willner, and A. Gaeta, Opt. Express 13, 7872 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Okawachi, M. A. Foster, X. Chen, A. C. Turner-Foster, R. Salem, M. Lipson, C. Xu and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 16, 10349 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.
    [PubMed]
  9. M. C. Ho, K. Uesaka, M. Marhic, Y. Akasaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 977 (2001).
  10. P. O. Hedekvist and P. A. Andrekson, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 74 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (4)

O. F. Yilmaz, L. Christen, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, I. Fazal, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 33, 1954 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. A. Foster, X. Chen, A. C. Turner-Foster, R. Salem, M. Lipson, C. Xu and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 16, 10349 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.
[PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2006), post-deadline paper Th4.4.3.

2005 (1)

2001 (2)

M. K. Dhodhi, S. Tariq, and K. A. Saleh, Comput. Commun. 24, 1726 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Ho, K. Uesaka, M. Marhic, Y. Akasaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 977 (2001).

2000 (1)

M. Saruwatari, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1363 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Akasaka, Y.

M. C. Ho, K. Uesaka, M. Marhic, Y. Akasaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 977 (2001).

Alic, N.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2006), post-deadline paper Th4.4.3.

Andrekson, P. A.

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2006), post-deadline paper Th4.4.3.

P. O. Hedekvist and P. A. Andrekson, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 74 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bres, C. S.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chavez Boggio, J. M.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Christen, L.

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.
[PubMed]

O. F. Yilmaz, L. Christen, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, I. Fazal, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 33, 1954 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coles, J. B.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dhodhi, M. K.

M. K. Dhodhi, S. Tariq, and K. A. Saleh, Comput. Commun. 24, 1726 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fazal, I.

O. F. Yilmaz, L. Christen, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, I. Fazal, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 33, 1954 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.
[PubMed]

Fejer, M. M.

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.
[PubMed]

Foster, M. A.

Gaeta, A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Gnauck, A. H.

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2006), post-deadline paper Th4.4.3.

Hedekvist, P. O.

Ho, M. C.

M. C. Ho, K. Uesaka, M. Marhic, Y. Akasaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 977 (2001).

Jopson, R. M.

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2006), post-deadline paper Th4.4.3.

Kazovsky, L. G.

M. C. Ho, K. Uesaka, M. Marhic, Y. Akasaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 977 (2001).

Langrock, C.

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.
[PubMed]

Lipson, M.

Marhic, M.

M. C. Ho, K. Uesaka, M. Marhic, Y. Akasaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 977 (2001).

McKinstrie, C. J.

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2006), post-deadline paper Th4.4.3.

Moro, S.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Myslivets, E.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2006), post-deadline paper Th4.4.3.

Nuccio, S.

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.
[PubMed]

Nuccio, S. R.

Okawachi, Y.

Radic, S.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2006), post-deadline paper Th4.4.3.

Ren, J.

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2006), post-deadline paper Th4.4.3.

Saleh, K. A.

M. K. Dhodhi, S. Tariq, and K. A. Saleh, Comput. Commun. 24, 1726 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Salem, R.

Saperstein, R. E.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2006), post-deadline paper Th4.4.3.

Saruwatari, M.

M. Saruwatari, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1363 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J.

Tariq, S.

M. K. Dhodhi, S. Tariq, and K. A. Saleh, Comput. Commun. 24, 1726 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Turner-Foster, A. C.

Uesaka, K.

M. C. Ho, K. Uesaka, M. Marhic, Y. Akasaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 977 (2001).

van Howe, J.

Wang, Y.

Willner, A.

Willner, A. E.

O. F. Yilmaz, L. Christen, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, I. Fazal, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 33, 1954 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.
[PubMed]

Windmiller, J. R.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

O. F. Yilmaz, L. Christen, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, I. Fazal, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 33, 1954 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.
[PubMed]

Xu, C.

Yilmaz, O. F.

O. F. Yilmaz, L. Christen, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, I. Fazal, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 33, 1954 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.
[PubMed]

Comput. Commun. (1)

M. K. Dhodhi, S. Tariq, and K. A. Saleh, Comput. Commun. 24, 1726 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Saruwatari, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1363 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Ho, K. Uesaka, M. Marhic, Y. Akasaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 977 (2001).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2006), post-deadline paper Th4.4.3.

L. Christen, I. Fazal, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.
[PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conceptual diagram of tunable delay methods. As opposed to previous methods (a) and (b), following wavelength conversion (W/C) and delay in DCF, the signal is not returned to the original wavelength for compensation (c).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup. A 40 Gbit s signal is wavelength converted and passed thorough the Raman-pumped DCF. The signal is then phase conjugated and shifted by 3.4 nm before passing back through the DCF for detection.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured fiber dispersion profile for (a) dispersion, (b) compensation, and (c) comparison of residual dispersion for compensation at a fixed wavelength and using the proposed method. Residual dispersion is reduced by > 95 % .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured delay versus converted wavelength and experimental spectra of both the wavelength conversion and phase conjugation stages.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Bit-error-rate (BER) curves for (a) 40 Gbit s RZ-OOK and (b) RZ-DPSK. Performance after back-to-back, the first wavelength conversion (Stage 1), and after the full system (Final) is compared. (c) 40 Gbit s RZ-OOK and (d) RZ-DPSK back-to-back performance compared to the minimum, maximum, and middle delay performances.

Metrics