Abstract

We report for the first time to our knowledge the experimental achievement of a storage ring free-electron laser (FEL) device dedicated to applications in the IR region. IR FELs were oscillated in the wavelength region of 13921502nm, and the relative linewidth was 3×104. The maximum power of the IR FEL transmitted through a vacuum window was approximately 0.3mW, and the intracavity power was approximately 2W. We have already observed an intensive quasi-monochromatic x ray by using FEL Compton backscattering. The results of our study are expected to lead to applications in which an IR FEL and a quasi-monochromatic x ray will be used simultaneously.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. A. Schwettman, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 528, 1 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Sei, K. Yamada, and H. Ogawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 46, 3644 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, M. Yasumoto, and H. Ogawa, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 483, 429 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Sei, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, and K. Yamada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 41, 1595 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Yamada, N. Sei, H. Ogawa, M. Yasumoto, and T. Mikado, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 528, 268 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ogawa, and M. Yasumoto, Infrared Phys. Technol. 51, 375 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ogawa, M. Yasumoto, and T. Mikado, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 42, 5848 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. M. Edlou, A. Smajkiewicz, and G. A. Al-Jumaily, Appl. Opt. 32, 5601 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. A. G. Deacon, M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, K. E. Robinson, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, J. M. J. Madey, and Y. Petroff, Appl. Phys. B 34, 207 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. E. Couprie, C. Bazin, M. Billardon, and M. Bergher, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 285, 31 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, M. Billardon, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, and J. M. J. Madey, J. Phys. (Paris) 45, 989 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Kimura, E. Nakamura, T. Nishi, Y. Sakurai, K. Hayashi, J. Yamazaki, and M. Katoh, Infrared Phys. Technol. 49, 147 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. V. N. Litvinenko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4569 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. We are preparing a manuscript to be called “Gamma-ray pulse generation via Compton backscattering with a compact storage ring FEL.”

2008 (1)

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ogawa, and M. Yasumoto, Infrared Phys. Technol. 51, 375 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

N. Sei, K. Yamada, and H. Ogawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 46, 3644 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. Kimura, E. Nakamura, T. Nishi, Y. Sakurai, K. Hayashi, J. Yamazaki, and M. Katoh, Infrared Phys. Technol. 49, 147 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

H. A. Schwettman, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 528, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, N. Sei, H. Ogawa, M. Yasumoto, and T. Mikado, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 528, 268 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ogawa, M. Yasumoto, and T. Mikado, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 42, 5848 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, M. Yasumoto, and H. Ogawa, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 483, 429 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, and K. Yamada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 41, 1595 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

V. N. Litvinenko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4569 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1989 (1)

M. E. Couprie, C. Bazin, M. Billardon, and M. Bergher, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 285, 31 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1984 (2)

P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, M. Billardon, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, and J. M. J. Madey, J. Phys. (Paris) 45, 989 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. A. G. Deacon, M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, K. E. Robinson, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, J. M. J. Madey, and Y. Petroff, Appl. Phys. B 34, 207 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Al-Jumaily, G. A.

Bazin, C.

M. E. Couprie, C. Bazin, M. Billardon, and M. Bergher, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 285, 31 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, M. Billardon, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, and J. M. J. Madey, J. Phys. (Paris) 45, 989 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. A. G. Deacon, M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, K. E. Robinson, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, J. M. J. Madey, and Y. Petroff, Appl. Phys. B 34, 207 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bergher, M.

M. E. Couprie, C. Bazin, M. Billardon, and M. Bergher, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 285, 31 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, M. Billardon, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, and J. M. J. Madey, J. Phys. (Paris) 45, 989 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. A. G. Deacon, M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, K. E. Robinson, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, J. M. J. Madey, and Y. Petroff, Appl. Phys. B 34, 207 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Billardon, M.

M. E. Couprie, C. Bazin, M. Billardon, and M. Bergher, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 285, 31 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. A. G. Deacon, M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, K. E. Robinson, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, J. M. J. Madey, and Y. Petroff, Appl. Phys. B 34, 207 (1984).
[CrossRef]

P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, M. Billardon, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, and J. M. J. Madey, J. Phys. (Paris) 45, 989 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Couprie, M. E.

M. E. Couprie, C. Bazin, M. Billardon, and M. Bergher, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 285, 31 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Deacon, D. A. G.

D. A. G. Deacon, M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, K. E. Robinson, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, J. M. J. Madey, and Y. Petroff, Appl. Phys. B 34, 207 (1984).
[CrossRef]

P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, M. Billardon, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, and J. M. J. Madey, J. Phys. (Paris) 45, 989 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Edlou, S. M.

Elleaume, P.

P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, M. Billardon, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, and J. M. J. Madey, J. Phys. (Paris) 45, 989 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. A. G. Deacon, M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, K. E. Robinson, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, J. M. J. Madey, and Y. Petroff, Appl. Phys. B 34, 207 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, K.

S. Kimura, E. Nakamura, T. Nishi, Y. Sakurai, K. Hayashi, J. Yamazaki, and M. Katoh, Infrared Phys. Technol. 49, 147 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Katoh, M.

S. Kimura, E. Nakamura, T. Nishi, Y. Sakurai, K. Hayashi, J. Yamazaki, and M. Katoh, Infrared Phys. Technol. 49, 147 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, S.

S. Kimura, E. Nakamura, T. Nishi, Y. Sakurai, K. Hayashi, J. Yamazaki, and M. Katoh, Infrared Phys. Technol. 49, 147 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Litvinenko, V. N.

V. N. Litvinenko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4569 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Madey, J. M. J.

D. A. G. Deacon, M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, K. E. Robinson, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, J. M. J. Madey, and Y. Petroff, Appl. Phys. B 34, 207 (1984).
[CrossRef]

P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, M. Billardon, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, and J. M. J. Madey, J. Phys. (Paris) 45, 989 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mikado, T.

K. Yamada, N. Sei, H. Ogawa, M. Yasumoto, and T. Mikado, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 528, 268 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ogawa, M. Yasumoto, and T. Mikado, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 42, 5848 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, M. Yasumoto, and H. Ogawa, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 483, 429 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, and K. Yamada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 41, 1595 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, E.

S. Kimura, E. Nakamura, T. Nishi, Y. Sakurai, K. Hayashi, J. Yamazaki, and M. Katoh, Infrared Phys. Technol. 49, 147 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nishi, T.

S. Kimura, E. Nakamura, T. Nishi, Y. Sakurai, K. Hayashi, J. Yamazaki, and M. Katoh, Infrared Phys. Technol. 49, 147 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, H.

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ogawa, and M. Yasumoto, Infrared Phys. Technol. 51, 375 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, K. Yamada, and H. Ogawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 46, 3644 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, N. Sei, H. Ogawa, M. Yasumoto, and T. Mikado, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 528, 268 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ogawa, M. Yasumoto, and T. Mikado, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 42, 5848 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, M. Yasumoto, and H. Ogawa, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 483, 429 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ohgaki, H.

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, M. Yasumoto, and H. Ogawa, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 483, 429 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, and K. Yamada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 41, 1595 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ortega, J. M.

D. A. G. Deacon, M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, K. E. Robinson, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, J. M. J. Madey, and Y. Petroff, Appl. Phys. B 34, 207 (1984).
[CrossRef]

P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, M. Billardon, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, and J. M. J. Madey, J. Phys. (Paris) 45, 989 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Petroff, Y.

D. A. G. Deacon, M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, K. E. Robinson, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, J. M. J. Madey, and Y. Petroff, Appl. Phys. B 34, 207 (1984).
[CrossRef]

P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, M. Billardon, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, and J. M. J. Madey, J. Phys. (Paris) 45, 989 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, K. E.

P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, M. Billardon, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, and J. M. J. Madey, J. Phys. (Paris) 45, 989 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. A. G. Deacon, M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, K. E. Robinson, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, J. M. J. Madey, and Y. Petroff, Appl. Phys. B 34, 207 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sakurai, Y.

S. Kimura, E. Nakamura, T. Nishi, Y. Sakurai, K. Hayashi, J. Yamazaki, and M. Katoh, Infrared Phys. Technol. 49, 147 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schwettman, H. A.

H. A. Schwettman, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 528, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sei, N.

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ogawa, and M. Yasumoto, Infrared Phys. Technol. 51, 375 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, K. Yamada, and H. Ogawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 46, 3644 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, N. Sei, H. Ogawa, M. Yasumoto, and T. Mikado, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 528, 268 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ogawa, M. Yasumoto, and T. Mikado, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 42, 5848 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, and K. Yamada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 41, 1595 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, M. Yasumoto, and H. Ogawa, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 483, 429 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Smajkiewicz, A.

Velghe, M.

D. A. G. Deacon, M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, K. E. Robinson, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, J. M. J. Madey, and Y. Petroff, Appl. Phys. B 34, 207 (1984).
[CrossRef]

P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, M. Billardon, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, and J. M. J. Madey, J. Phys. (Paris) 45, 989 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ogawa, and M. Yasumoto, Infrared Phys. Technol. 51, 375 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, K. Yamada, and H. Ogawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 46, 3644 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, N. Sei, H. Ogawa, M. Yasumoto, and T. Mikado, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 528, 268 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ogawa, M. Yasumoto, and T. Mikado, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 42, 5848 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, and K. Yamada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 41, 1595 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, M. Yasumoto, and H. Ogawa, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 483, 429 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, J.

S. Kimura, E. Nakamura, T. Nishi, Y. Sakurai, K. Hayashi, J. Yamazaki, and M. Katoh, Infrared Phys. Technol. 49, 147 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yasumoto, M.

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ogawa, and M. Yasumoto, Infrared Phys. Technol. 51, 375 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, N. Sei, H. Ogawa, M. Yasumoto, and T. Mikado, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 528, 268 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ogawa, M. Yasumoto, and T. Mikado, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 42, 5848 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, M. Yasumoto, and H. Ogawa, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 483, 429 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. A. G. Deacon, M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, K. E. Robinson, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, J. M. J. Madey, and Y. Petroff, Appl. Phys. B 34, 207 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. Technol. (2)

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ogawa, and M. Yasumoto, Infrared Phys. Technol. 51, 375 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kimura, E. Nakamura, T. Nishi, Y. Sakurai, K. Hayashi, J. Yamazaki, and M. Katoh, Infrared Phys. Technol. 49, 147 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. (Paris) (1)

P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, M. Billardon, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, and J. M. J. Madey, J. Phys. (Paris) 45, 989 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 (2)

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ogawa, M. Yasumoto, and T. Mikado, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 42, 5848 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, K. Yamada, and H. Ogawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 46, 3644 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 (1)

N. Sei, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, and K. Yamada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 41, 1595 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (4)

K. Yamada, N. Sei, H. Ogawa, M. Yasumoto, and T. Mikado, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 528, 268 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Sei, K. Yamada, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, M. Yasumoto, and H. Ogawa, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 483, 429 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Couprie, C. Bazin, M. Billardon, and M. Bergher, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 285, 31 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Schwettman, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 528, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

V. N. Litvinenko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4569 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

We are preparing a manuscript to be called “Gamma-ray pulse generation via Compton backscattering with a compact storage ring FEL.”

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured spectrum of fundamental spontaneous emission from the ETLOK-III for g u = 104.5 mm and g d = 140 mm . The electron beam energy and beam current were 310 MeV and 1.0 mA , respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Observed spectrum of IR FEL at a wavelength of around 1450 nm for g u = 106 mm and g d = 135 mm . The electron-beam current was 3.6 mA .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of the amplification factor of the resonant light on the wavelength during FEL oscillation. The measurements were carried out at an electron-beam current of 2.4 3.2 mA .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the FEL power on the electron-beam current behind the upstream vacuum Ca F 2 window. The measured FEL power and the normalized FEL power are indicated by solid and open circles, respectively.

Equations (1)

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P out = η p Ln ( g 0 l c ) P S ,

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