Abstract

This work describes the results of ultrasonic wideband sensors based on single-mode polymer optical fibers that may be used for biomedical applications. We have compared the ultrasonic sensitivities of two Mach–Zehnder interferometric intrinsic optical fiber sensors. One is based on a single-mode polymethylmethacrylate optical fiber and the second on single-mode silica optical fiber, both operating at 632.8 nm. At a frequency of 1 MHz these sensitivities are 13.1 and 0.85 mrad/kPa, respectively. The ultrasonic phase sensitivity of the polymer optical fiber is more than 12 times larger than that from the fused silica fiber in the 1–5 MHz range.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008

S. Kiesel, K. Peters, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 416 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Zhang, J. Laufer, and P. Beard, Appl. Opt. 47, 561 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

H. Lamela, V. Cunningham, C. Macia-Sanahuja, J. A. G. Souto, and P. Acedo, Proc. SPIE 6086, 60861O (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Burgholzer, C. Hofer, G. J. Matt, G. Paltauf, M. Haltmeier, and O. Scherzer, Proc. SPIE 6086, 60861N (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2000

P. C. Beard, A. M. Hurrell, and T. N. Mills, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 47, 256 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Wilkens and C. Koch, Opt. Lett. 24, 1026 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

H. Wen, D. G. Wiesler, A. Tveten, B. Danver, and A. Dandridge, Ultrason. Imaging 20, 103 (1998).
[PubMed]

1997

G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 1525 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1983

R. De Paula, J. H. Cole, and J. A. Bucaro, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 390 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Acedo, P.

H. Lamela, V. Cunningham, C. Macia-Sanahuja, J. A. G. Souto, and P. Acedo, Proc. SPIE 6086, 60861O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barton, J. S.

Beard, P.

Beard, P. C.

P. C. Beard, A. M. Hurrell, and T. N. Mills, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 47, 256 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bucaro, J. A.

R. De Paula, J. H. Cole, and J. A. Bucaro, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 390 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Burgholzer, P.

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, M. Haltmeier, and P. Burgholzer, Appl. Opt. 46, 3352 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Burgholzer, C. Hofer, G. J. Matt, G. Paltauf, M. Haltmeier, and O. Scherzer, Proc. SPIE 6086, 60861N (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cole, J. H.

R. De Paula, J. H. Cole, and J. A. Bucaro, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 390 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, V.

H. Lamela, V. Cunningham, C. Macia-Sanahuja, J. A. G. Souto, and P. Acedo, Proc. SPIE 6086, 60861O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dandridge, A.

H. Wen, D. G. Wiesler, A. Tveten, B. Danver, and A. Dandridge, Ultrason. Imaging 20, 103 (1998).
[PubMed]

Danver, B.

H. Wen, D. G. Wiesler, A. Tveten, B. Danver, and A. Dandridge, Ultrason. Imaging 20, 103 (1998).
[PubMed]

De Paula, R.

R. De Paula, J. H. Cole, and J. A. Bucaro, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 390 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fender, A.

Fisher, N. E.

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gavrilov, L. R.

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Haltmeier, M.

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, M. Haltmeier, and P. Burgholzer, Appl. Opt. 46, 3352 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Burgholzer, C. Hofer, G. J. Matt, G. Paltauf, M. Haltmeier, and O. Scherzer, Proc. SPIE 6086, 60861N (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hand, J. W.

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hassan, T.

S. Kiesel, K. Peters, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 416 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hofer, C.

P. Burgholzer, C. Hofer, G. J. Matt, G. Paltauf, M. Haltmeier, and O. Scherzer, Proc. SPIE 6086, 60861N (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hurrell, A. M.

P. C. Beard, A. M. Hurrell, and T. N. Mills, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 47, 256 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, D. A.

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jones, J. D. C.

Kiesel, S.

S. Kiesel, K. Peters, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 416 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koch, C.

Kowalsky, M.

S. Kiesel, K. Peters, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 416 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lamela, H.

H. Lamela, V. Cunningham, C. Macia-Sanahuja, J. A. G. Souto, and P. Acedo, Proc. SPIE 6086, 60861O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laufer, J.

Macia-Sanahuja, C.

H. Lamela, V. Cunningham, C. Macia-Sanahuja, J. A. G. Souto, and P. Acedo, Proc. SPIE 6086, 60861O (2006).
[CrossRef]

MacPherson, W. N.

Matt, G. J.

P. Burgholzer, C. Hofer, G. J. Matt, G. Paltauf, M. Haltmeier, and O. Scherzer, Proc. SPIE 6086, 60861N (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mills, T. N.

P. C. Beard, A. M. Hurrell, and T. N. Mills, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 47, 256 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nuster, R.

Paltauf, G.

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, M. Haltmeier, and P. Burgholzer, Appl. Opt. 46, 3352 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Burgholzer, C. Hofer, G. J. Matt, G. Paltauf, M. Haltmeier, and O. Scherzer, Proc. SPIE 6086, 60861N (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 1525 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pannell, C. N.

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Peters, K.

S. Kiesel, K. Peters, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 416 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Scherzer, O.

P. Burgholzer, C. Hofer, G. J. Matt, G. Paltauf, M. Haltmeier, and O. Scherzer, Proc. SPIE 6086, 60861N (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt-Kloiber, H.

G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 1525 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Silva-Lopez, M.

Souto, J. A. G.

H. Lamela, V. Cunningham, C. Macia-Sanahuja, J. A. G. Souto, and P. Acedo, Proc. SPIE 6086, 60861O (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tveten, A.

H. Wen, D. G. Wiesler, A. Tveten, B. Danver, and A. Dandridge, Ultrason. Imaging 20, 103 (1998).
[PubMed]

Webb, D. J.

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wen, H.

H. Wen, D. G. Wiesler, A. Tveten, B. Danver, and A. Dandridge, Ultrason. Imaging 20, 103 (1998).
[PubMed]

Wiesler, D. G.

H. Wen, D. G. Wiesler, A. Tveten, B. Danver, and A. Dandridge, Ultrason. Imaging 20, 103 (1998).
[PubMed]

Wilkens, V.

Zhang, E.

Zhang, L.

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. Kiesel, K. Peters, T. Hassan, and M. Kowalsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 416 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control

P. C. Beard, A. M. Hurrell, and T. N. Mills, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 47, 256 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 1525 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

R. De Paula, J. H. Cole, and J. A. Bucaro, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 390 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Lamela, V. Cunningham, C. Macia-Sanahuja, J. A. G. Souto, and P. Acedo, Proc. SPIE 6086, 60861O (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Burgholzer, C. Hofer, G. J. Matt, G. Paltauf, M. Haltmeier, and O. Scherzer, Proc. SPIE 6086, 60861N (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ultrason. Imaging

H. Wen, D. G. Wiesler, A. Tveten, B. Danver, and A. Dandridge, Ultrason. Imaging 20, 103 (1998).
[PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Synchronization signal of the square pulse generator; (b) ultrasonic signal (1 MHz) measured by resonant PZT receiver placed in the position of interferometric fiber optic sensors; (c) interferometric signal produced by the same ultrasonic pulse on the single-mode POF sensor; and (d) interferometric signal induced by the pulse on SOF sensor.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Ultrasonic pulse signals of 1 MHz emitter with voltage amplitudes of 100, 200, 300, and 400 V measured by 1 MHz resonant PZT receiver; (b) phase shift induced by the same pulses to the POF; and (c) SOF phase shift owing to the same ultrasonic pulse signals.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of 1 MHz Sensitivity Experimental Results Between Single-Mode SOF and Single-Mode POF

Metrics