Abstract

We have successfully demonstrated cavity ring-down spectroscopy in a fiber ring with a long-period grating cavity. The cavity couples >99% of light from core to cladding, interacts with the environment surrounding the fiber, and then couples unabsorbed light back into the fiber core. This design provides a relatively large evanescent wave absorption area while maintaining a very low loss for the fiber ring. The effectiveness of this cavity as a sensitive chemical sensor is also demonstrated.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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