Abstract

Titanium-diffused lithium niobate (Ti:LiNbO3) waveguides are widely used in current fiber optic networks because of their high-speed, electro-optic modulation, and low-loss integration with standard single-mode fibers. However, they cannot achieve small ring resonators owing to their lack of a high core-to-cladding index contrast. To overcome this challenge, we vertically integrate an emerging chalcogenide glass waveguide technology on well-established Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides. We present, to our knowledge, the first arsenic trisulfide (As2S3) race-track ring resonator with a 290.8μm bend radius in an all-pass filter configuration, integrated on a Ti:LiNbO3 waveguide. Vertical coupling is achieved using a unique taper design. Experimental results are shown for 10.6% coupling, 2.08 dB roundtrip loss, and a 25.4 GHz free-spectral range.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. V. Schmidt and I. P. Kaminow, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 458 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Guarino, G. Poberaj, and D. Rezzonico, Nat. Photonics 1, 407 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T.-J. Wang, C.-H. Chu, and C.-Y. Lin, Opt. Lett. 32, 2777 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. W. Sohler, B. K. Das, D. Dey, S. Reza, H. Suche, and R. Ricken, IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 990 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Kominato, Y. Hibino, and K. Onose, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 560 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Rafizadeh, J. P. Zhang, S. C. Hagness, A. Taflove, K. A. Stair, S. T. Ho, and R. C. Tiberio, Opt. Lett. 22, 1244 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. A. J. M. Bente, Y. Barbarin, J. H. den Besten, M. K. Smit, and J. J. M. Binsma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1208 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Yu, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. R. Laybourn, IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 144, 19 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M.-S. Kwon and W. H. Steier, Opt. Express 16, 9372 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Sumetsky, R. S. Windeler, Y. Dulashko, and X. Fan, Opt. Express 15, 14376 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1496 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. L. Ruan, M. K. Kim, Y. H. Lee, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rode, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071102 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, R. Yinlan, and B. Luther-Davies, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. N. Hô, M. C. Phillips, H. Qiao, P. J. Allen, K. Krishnaswami, B. J. Riley, T. L. Myers, and J. Anheier, Opt. Lett. 31, 1860 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. Duk-Yong, S. Madden, A. Rode, W. Rongping, D. Bulla, and B. Luther-Davies, in Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (LEOS 2007), The 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE (2007), pp. 102-103.
  17. M. E. Solmaz, D. B. Adams, and S. Grover, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 557 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis: A Signal Processing Approach, Wiley Series in Microwave and Optical Engineering (Wiley, 1999), p. xiii.

2009 (1)

M. E. Solmaz, D. B. Adams, and S. Grover, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 557 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (5)

T.-J. Wang, C.-H. Chu, and C.-Y. Lin, Opt. Lett. 32, 2777 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sumetsky, R. S. Windeler, Y. Dulashko, and X. Fan, Opt. Express 15, 14376 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Guarino, G. Poberaj, and D. Rezzonico, Nat. Photonics 1, 407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Ruan, M. K. Kim, Y. H. Lee, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rode, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, R. Yinlan, and B. Luther-Davies, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Hô, M. C. Phillips, H. Qiao, P. J. Allen, K. Krishnaswami, B. J. Riley, T. L. Myers, and J. Anheier, Opt. Lett. 31, 1860 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

W. Sohler, B. K. Das, D. Dey, S. Reza, H. Suche, and R. Ricken, IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 990 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

E. A. J. M. Bente, Y. Barbarin, J. H. den Besten, M. K. Smit, and J. J. M. Binsma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

1993 (1)

T. Kominato, Y. Hibino, and K. Onose, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 560 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

R. V. Schmidt and I. P. Kaminow, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 458 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Adams, D. B.

M. E. Solmaz, D. B. Adams, and S. Grover, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 557 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Allen, P. J.

Anheier, J.

Barbarin, Y.

E. A. J. M. Bente, Y. Barbarin, J. H. den Besten, M. K. Smit, and J. J. M. Binsma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bente, E. A. J. M.

E. A. J. M. Bente, Y. Barbarin, J. H. den Besten, M. K. Smit, and J. J. M. Binsma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Binsma, J. J. M.

E. A. J. M. Bente, Y. Barbarin, J. H. den Besten, M. K. Smit, and J. J. M. Binsma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bulla, D.

C. Duk-Yong, S. Madden, A. Rode, W. Rongping, D. Bulla, and B. Luther-Davies, in Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (LEOS 2007), The 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE (2007), pp. 102-103.

Choi, D. Y.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chu, C. -H.

Chu, S. T.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Das, B. K.

W. Sohler, B. K. Das, D. Dey, S. Reza, H. Suche, and R. Ricken, IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 990 (2005).
[CrossRef]

den Besten, J. H.

E. A. J. M. Bente, Y. Barbarin, J. H. den Besten, M. K. Smit, and J. J. M. Binsma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dey, D.

W. Sohler, B. K. Das, D. Dey, S. Reza, H. Suche, and R. Ricken, IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 990 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Duk-Yong, C.

C. Duk-Yong, S. Madden, A. Rode, W. Rongping, D. Bulla, and B. Luther-Davies, in Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (LEOS 2007), The 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE (2007), pp. 102-103.

Dulashko, Y.

Eggleton, B. J.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, R. Yinlan, and B. Luther-Davies, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fan, X.

Foresi, J. S.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L.

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, R. Yinlan, and B. Luther-Davies, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Greene, W.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grover, S.

M. E. Solmaz, D. B. Adams, and S. Grover, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 557 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guarino, A.

A. Guarino, G. Poberaj, and D. Rezzonico, Nat. Photonics 1, 407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hagness, S. C.

Haus, H. A.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hibino, Y.

T. Kominato, Y. Hibino, and K. Onose, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 560 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ho, S. T.

Hô, N.

Ippen, E. P.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kaminow, I. P.

R. V. Schmidt and I. P. Kaminow, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 458 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. K.

Y. L. Ruan, M. K. Kim, Y. H. Lee, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rode, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kominato, T.

T. Kominato, Y. Hibino, and K. Onose, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 560 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

S. Yu, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. R. Laybourn, IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 144, 19 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krishnaswami, K.

Kwon, M. -S.

Lamont, M. R. E.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laybourn, P. J. R.

S. Yu, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. R. Laybourn, IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 144, 19 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. H.

Y. L. Ruan, M. K. Kim, Y. H. Lee, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rode, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. -Y.

Little, B. E.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Littler, I. C. M.

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, R. Yinlan, and B. Luther-Davies, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Y. L. Ruan, M. K. Kim, Y. H. Lee, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rode, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, R. Yinlan, and B. Luther-Davies, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Duk-Yong, S. Madden, A. Rode, W. Rongping, D. Bulla, and B. Luther-Davies, in Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (LEOS 2007), The 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE (2007), pp. 102-103.

Madden, S.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Duk-Yong, S. Madden, A. Rode, W. Rongping, D. Bulla, and B. Luther-Davies, in Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (LEOS 2007), The 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE (2007), pp. 102-103.

Madsen, C. K.

C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis: A Signal Processing Approach, Wiley Series in Microwave and Optical Engineering (Wiley, 1999), p. xiii.

Moss, D. J.

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, R. Yinlan, and B. Luther-Davies, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Myers, T. L.

Onose, K.

T. Kominato, Y. Hibino, and K. Onose, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 560 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pelusi, M. D.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, M. C.

Poberaj, G.

A. Guarino, G. Poberaj, and D. Rezzonico, Nat. Photonics 1, 407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, H.

Rafizadeh, D.

Reza, S.

W. Sohler, B. K. Das, D. Dey, S. Reza, H. Suche, and R. Ricken, IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 990 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rezzonico, D.

A. Guarino, G. Poberaj, and D. Rezzonico, Nat. Photonics 1, 407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ricken, R.

W. Sohler, B. K. Das, D. Dey, S. Reza, H. Suche, and R. Ricken, IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 990 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Riley, B. J.

Rochette, M.

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, R. Yinlan, and B. Luther-Davies, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rode, A.

Y. L. Ruan, M. K. Kim, Y. H. Lee, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rode, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Duk-Yong, S. Madden, A. Rode, W. Rongping, D. Bulla, and B. Luther-Davies, in Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (LEOS 2007), The 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE (2007), pp. 102-103.

Rongping, W.

C. Duk-Yong, S. Madden, A. Rode, W. Rongping, D. Bulla, and B. Luther-Davies, in Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (LEOS 2007), The 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE (2007), pp. 102-103.

Ruan, Y. L.

Y. L. Ruan, M. K. Kim, Y. H. Lee, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rode, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, R. V.

R. V. Schmidt and I. P. Kaminow, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 458 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Shokooh-Saremi, M.

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, R. Yinlan, and B. Luther-Davies, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smit, M. K.

E. A. J. M. Bente, Y. Barbarin, J. H. den Besten, M. K. Smit, and J. J. M. Binsma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sohler, W.

W. Sohler, B. K. Das, D. Dey, S. Reza, H. Suche, and R. Ricken, IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 990 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Solmaz, M. E.

M. E. Solmaz, D. B. Adams, and S. Grover, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 557 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stair, K. A.

Steier, W. H.

Steinmeyer, G.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Suche, H.

W. Sohler, B. K. Das, D. Dey, S. Reza, H. Suche, and R. Ricken, IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 990 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sumetsky, M.

Ta'eed, V. G.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, R. Yinlan, and B. Luther-Davies, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Taflove, A.

Thoen, E. R.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tiberio, R. C.

Wang, T. -J.

Windeler, R. S.

Yinlan, R.

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, R. Yinlan, and B. Luther-Davies, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, S.

S. Yu, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. R. Laybourn, IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 144, 19 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. P.

Zhao, J. H.

C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis: A Signal Processing Approach, Wiley Series in Microwave and Optical Engineering (Wiley, 1999), p. xiii.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

R. V. Schmidt and I. P. Kaminow, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 458 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Ruan, M. K. Kim, Y. H. Lee, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rode, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. (1)

S. Yu, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. R. Laybourn, IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 144, 19 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. A. J. M. Bente, Y. Barbarin, J. H. den Besten, M. K. Smit, and J. J. M. Binsma, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, R. Yinlan, and B. Luther-Davies, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

M. E. Solmaz, D. B. Adams, and S. Grover, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 557 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Kominato, Y. Hibino, and K. Onose, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 560 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

W. Sohler, B. K. Das, D. Dey, S. Reza, H. Suche, and R. Ricken, IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 990 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. Guarino, G. Poberaj, and D. Rezzonico, Nat. Photonics 1, 407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis: A Signal Processing Approach, Wiley Series in Microwave and Optical Engineering (Wiley, 1999), p. xiii.

C. Duk-Yong, S. Madden, A. Rode, W. Rongping, D. Bulla, and B. Luther-Davies, in Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (LEOS 2007), The 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE (2007), pp. 102-103.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Vertically integrated As 2 S 3 race-track ring resonator on LiNbO 3 waveguide chip. (a) Schematic, (b) optical micrograph.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic As 2 S 3 taper structure and its overlap on Ti : LiNbO 3 waveguide, (b) AFM picture of the ring starting to overlap on Ti : LiNbO 3 waveguide.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission and group delay responses through As 2 S 3 -on- Ti : LiNbO 3 ring structure.

Equations (1)

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H ( z ) = ( c γ z 1 ) ( 1 γ c z 1 ) ,

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