Abstract

We present the realization of a metamaterial that combines double cut wires and continuous wires in its unit cell. This double-element geometry together with the applied layer-by-layer fabrication technique permits an independent tuning of the geometry of the unit-cell components. The characterization of the samples is based on the measurement of transmission and reflection spectra combined with rigorous numerical simulations. The results show that the metamaterial exhibits an effective refractive index of n=0.5+1.9i at the wavelength λ=2.1μm.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (3)

2007 (3)

K. Guven, A. O. Cakmak, M. D. Caliskan, T. F. Gundogdu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, J. Opt. A 9, 361 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 315, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, E. Pshenay-Severin, J. Petschulat, A. Chipouline, J. Kuhl, T. Pertsch, H. Giessen, and F. Lederer, Opt. Express 15, 8871 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, Science 312, 1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Opt. Lett. 31, 1800 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

A. Depine and A. Lakhtakia, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 315 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Abrishamian, M. S.

Cai, W. S.

Cakmak, A. O.

K. Guven, A. O. Cakmak, M. D. Caliskan, T. F. Gundogdu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, J. Opt. A 9, 361 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Caliskan, M. D.

K. Guven, A. O. Cakmak, M. D. Caliskan, T. F. Gundogdu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, J. Opt. A 9, 361 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chettiar, U. K.

Chipouline, A.

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Depine, A.

A. Depine and A. Lakhtakia, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 315 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dmitriev, A.

Dolling, G.

Drachev, V. P.

Economou, E. N.

Enkrich, C.

Giessen, H.

Granpayeh, N.

Gundogdu, T. F.

Guven, K.

K. Guven, A. O. Cakmak, M. D. Caliskan, T. F. Gundogdu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, J. Opt. A 9, 361 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kaell, M.

Kafesaki, M.

Katsarakis, N.

Kildishev, A. V.

Konstantinidis, G.

Koschny, T.

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kostopoulos, A.

Kuhl, J.

Lakhtakia, A.

A. Depine and A. Lakhtakia, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 315 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

Linden, S.

Menzel, C.

C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, T. Paul, F. Lederer, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. B 77, 195328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ozbay, E.

K. Guven, A. O. Cakmak, M. D. Caliskan, T. F. Gundogdu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, J. Opt. A 9, 361 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pakizeh, T.

Paul, T.

C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, T. Paul, F. Lederer, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. B 77, 195328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Penciu, R. S.

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, Science 312, 1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pertsch, T.

Petschulat, J.

Pshenay-Severin, E.

Rockstuhl, C.

Sarychev, A. K.

Schurig, D.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, Science 312, 1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

Smith, D. R.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, Science 312, 1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

T. F. Gundogdu, N. Katsarakis, M. Kafesaki, R. S. Penciu, G. Konstantinidis, A. Kostopoulos, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, Opt. Express 16, 9173 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Guven, A. O. Cakmak, M. D. Caliskan, T. F. Gundogdu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, J. Opt. A 9, 361 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 315, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Opt. Lett. 31, 1800 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tuttle, G.

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

Yuan, H. K.

Zentgraf, T.

Zhang, L.

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

K. Guven, A. O. Cakmak, M. D. Caliskan, T. F. Gundogdu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, J. Opt. A 9, 361 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Depine and A. Lakhtakia, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 315 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, T. Paul, F. Lederer, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Rev. B 77, 195328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 315, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, Science 312, 1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Top-view SEM image of the sample with the sketch of the “resonant” polarization; the white rectangle shows the unit cell. (b) Unit-cell geometry, top and side view in the upper and lower picture, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission at normal incidence (0°) and reflection (8°) spectra for the resonant polarization. Solid and dashed curves represent the measured and simulated spectra, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Impedance (Z), refractive index (n), electric permittivity ( ɛ ) , and magnetic permeability ( μ ) of the sample derived from the reflection and transmission spectra presented in Fig. 2.

Metrics