Abstract

We report mode-locked operation of a synchronously pumped Ce:LiCAF oscillator. The laser operated in the deep UV with output radiation centered at 291 nm and a pulse duration of 6 ps. The maximum output power measured was 52 mW, with 13% slope efficiency. The Ce:LiCAF crystal has a gain bandwidth capable of supporting few-femtosecond pulses, and so our results demonstrate the potential to form a new class of ultrafast lasers operating directly at deep UV wavelengths.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Link, H. A. Durr, and W. Eberhardt, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 7873 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. B. Nam, J. Li, K. H. Kim, J. Y. Lin, and H. X. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3690 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. G. Durfee III, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 24, 697 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, Opt. Lett. 32, 2481 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Kida, S.-i. Zaitsu, and T. Imasaka, Opt. Express 16, 13492 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, Opt. Lett. 33, 723 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. U. Graf, M. Fieß, M. Schultze, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, Opt. Express 16, 18956 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. W. Coutts and A. J. S. McGonigle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1430 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Liu, D. J. Spence, K. Johnson, D. W. Coutts, H. Sato, and T. Fukuda, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, 2007 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper MD6.
  13. D. Alderighi, G. Toci, M. Vannini, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, Opt. Express 13, 7256 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. D. Marshall, J. A. Speth, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, G. J. Quarles, V. Castillo, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2054 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Takagi and S. Adachi, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2218 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Fromzel and C. R. Prasad, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J.Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper 203.

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Coutts and A. J. S. McGonigle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1430 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

S. Link, H. A. Durr, and W. Eberhardt, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 7873 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Nam, J. Li, K. H. Kim, J. Y. Lin, and H. X. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3690 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Adachi, S.

Y. Takagi and S. Adachi, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2218 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Alderighi, D.

Assion, A.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baum, P.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baumert, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergt, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brixner, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Castillo, V.

Chai, B. H. T.

Coutts, D. W.

D. W. Coutts and A. J. S. McGonigle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1430 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, D. J. Spence, K. Johnson, D. W. Coutts, H. Sato, and T. Fukuda, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, 2007 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper MD6.

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Durfee, C. G.

Durr, H. A.

S. Link, H. A. Durr, and W. Eberhardt, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 7873 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eberhardt, W.

S. Link, H. A. Durr, and W. Eberhardt, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 7873 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fieß, M.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fromzel, A.

A. Fromzel and C. R. Prasad, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J.Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper 203.

Fuji, T.

Fukuda, T.

H. Liu, D. J. Spence, K. Johnson, D. W. Coutts, H. Sato, and T. Fukuda, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, 2007 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper MD6.

Fuß, W.

Gerber, G.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gohle, C.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

U. Graf, M. Fieß, M. Schultze, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, Opt. Express 16, 18956 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Graf, U.

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horio, T.

Imasaka, T.

Jiang, H. X.

K. B. Nam, J. Li, K. H. Kim, J. Y. Lin, and H. X. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3690 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, K.

H. Liu, D. J. Spence, K. Johnson, D. W. Coutts, H. Sato, and T. Fukuda, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, 2007 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper MD6.

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kida, Y.

Kiefer, B.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

Kim, K. H.

K. B. Nam, J. Li, K. H. Kim, J. Y. Lin, and H. X. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3690 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kosma, K.

Krausz, F.

U. Graf, M. Fieß, M. Schultze, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, Opt. Express 16, 18956 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krumbugel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

Li, J.

K. B. Nam, J. Li, K. H. Kim, J. Y. Lin, and H. X. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3690 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J. Y.

K. B. Nam, J. Li, K. H. Kim, J. Y. Lin, and H. X. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3690 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Link, S.

S. Link, H. A. Durr, and W. Eberhardt, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 7873 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

H. Liu, D. J. Spence, K. Johnson, D. W. Coutts, H. Sato, and T. Fukuda, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, 2007 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper MD6.

Lochbrunner, S.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, C. D.

McGonigle, A. J. S.

D. W. Coutts and A. J. S. McGonigle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1430 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

Nam, K. B.

K. B. Nam, J. Li, K. H. Kim, J. Y. Lin, and H. X. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3690 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Parisi, D.

Payne, S. A.

Prasad, C. R.

A. Fromzel and C. R. Prasad, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J.Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper 203.

Quarles, G. J.

Richman, B. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Riedle, E.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sato, H.

H. Liu, D. J. Spence, K. Johnson, D. W. Coutts, H. Sato, and T. Fukuda, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, 2007 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper MD6.

Schmid, W. E.

Schultze, M.

Scrinzi, A.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seyfried, V.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spence, D. J.

H. Liu, D. J. Spence, K. Johnson, D. W. Coutts, H. Sato, and T. Fukuda, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, 2007 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper MD6.

Speth, J. A.

Strehle, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, T.

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Takagi, Y.

Y. Takagi and S. Adachi, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2218 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Toci, G.

Tonelli, M.

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Trushin, S. A.

Udem, T.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vannini, M.

Yakovlev, V. S.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zaitsu, S. -i.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. B. Nam, J. Li, K. H. Kim, J. Y. Lin, and H. X. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3690 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. W. Coutts and A. J. S. McGonigle, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1430 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

S. Link, H. A. Durr, and W. Eberhardt, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 7873 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takagi and S. Adachi, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2218 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

A. Fromzel and C. R. Prasad, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J.Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper 203.

H. Liu, D. J. Spence, K. Johnson, D. W. Coutts, H. Sato, and T. Fukuda, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, 2007 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper MD6.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: L1, spherical lens focal length f = 5   cm ; M1, M2, concave spherical mirrors with ROC (radius of curvature)=10 and 5 cm, respectively; M3, plane mirror; OC, output coupler; HWP, half-wave plate at 532 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power of the cerium oscillator as a function of cavity length detuning.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output pulse duration as a function of cavity length detuning. Inset, cross-correlation data for the measurement of the output pulse for zero detuning.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output pulse spectrum for zero detuning.

Metrics