Abstract

We demonstrate chirp-free carrier-suppressed return-to-zero pulse generation with a repetition rate of 160GHz using a phase modulator driven by a 40GHz clock with two-stage polarization-maintaining fibers. The unwanted low-frequency tones are suppressed by more than 25dB.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, H. F. Liu, and A. Nirmalathas, Electron. Lett. 37, 581 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, Y. Takita, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '03 (Optical Society, 2003), paper PD16.
  3. R. Hui, B. Zhu, K. Demarest, C. Allen, and J. Hong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 518 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, IEE Electronics Letters 34, 792 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. E. Leaird, S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, A. Sugita, S. Kamei, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 221 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vyrsokinos, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Houbavlis, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 157 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, Y. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, S. Kumar, L.-S. Yan, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Wang, M. Adler, and A. E. Willner, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '05 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThR5.

2007 (1)

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, Y. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vyrsokinos, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Houbavlis, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

D. E. Leaird, S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, A. Sugita, S. Kamei, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 221 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, H. F. Liu, and A. Nirmalathas, Electron. Lett. 37, 581 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. Hui, B. Zhu, K. Demarest, C. Allen, and J. Hong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 518 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, IEE Electronics Letters 34, 792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Adler, M.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, S. Kumar, L.-S. Yan, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Wang, M. Adler, and A. E. Willner, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '05 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThR5.

Allen, C.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, K. Demarest, C. Allen, and J. Hong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 518 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, H.

K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vyrsokinos, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Houbavlis, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Christen, L.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, Y. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Demarest, K.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, K. Demarest, C. Allen, and J. Hong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 518 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ferber, S.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, Y. Takita, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '03 (Optical Society, 2003), paper PD16.

Futami, F.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, Y. Takita, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '03 (Optical Society, 2003), paper PD16.

Guekos, G.

K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vyrsokinos, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Houbavlis, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hong, J.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, K. Demarest, C. Allen, and J. Hong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 518 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Houbavlis, T.

K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vyrsokinos, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Houbavlis, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hui, R.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, K. Demarest, C. Allen, and J. Hong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 518 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, M.

D. E. Leaird, S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, A. Sugita, S. Kamei, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 221 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kamei, S.

D. E. Leaird, S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, A. Sugita, S. Kamei, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 221 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, IEE Electronics Letters 34, 792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kehayas, E.

K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vyrsokinos, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Houbavlis, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, S.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, S. Kumar, L.-S. Yan, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Wang, M. Adler, and A. E. Willner, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '05 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThR5.

Leaird, D. E.

D. E. Leaird, S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, A. Sugita, S. Kamei, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 221 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. F.

Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, H. F. Liu, and A. Nirmalathas, Electron. Lett. 37, 581 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ludwig, R.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, Y. Takita, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '03 (Optical Society, 2003), paper PD16.

Luo, T.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, Y. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, S. Kumar, L.-S. Yan, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Wang, M. Adler, and A. E. Willner, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '05 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThR5.

Nirmalathas, A.

Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, H. F. Liu, and A. Nirmalathas, Electron. Lett. 37, 581 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Novak, D.

Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, H. F. Liu, and A. Nirmalathas, Electron. Lett. 37, 581 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Okabe, R.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, Y. Takita, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '03 (Optical Society, 2003), paper PD16.

Okamoto, K.

D. E. Leaird, S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, A. Sugita, S. Kamei, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 221 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, Y. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, S. Kumar, L.-S. Yan, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Wang, M. Adler, and A. E. Willner, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '05 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThR5.

Pleros, N.

K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vyrsokinos, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Houbavlis, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Saruwatari, M.

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, IEE Electronics Letters 34, 792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, C.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, Y. Takita, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '03 (Optical Society, 2003), paper PD16.

Schubert, C.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, Y. Takita, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '03 (Optical Society, 2003), paper PD16.

Shake, I.

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, IEE Electronics Letters 34, 792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shen, S.

D. E. Leaird, S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, A. Sugita, S. Kamei, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 221 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sugita, A.

D. E. Leaird, S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, A. Sugita, S. Kamei, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 221 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, IEE Electronics Letters 34, 792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Takita, Y.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, Y. Takita, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '03 (Optical Society, 2003), paper PD16.

Theophilopoulos, G.

K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vyrsokinos, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Houbavlis, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tsiokos, D.

K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vyrsokinos, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Houbavlis, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vyrsokinos, K.

K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vyrsokinos, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Houbavlis, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, Y. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, S. Kumar, L.-S. Yan, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Wang, M. Adler, and A. E. Willner, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '05 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThR5.

Watanabe, S.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, Y. Takita, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '03 (Optical Society, 2003), paper PD16.

Weber, H. G.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, Y. Takita, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '03 (Optical Society, 2003), paper PD16.

Weiner, A. M.

D. E. Leaird, S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, A. Sugita, S. Kamei, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 221 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wen, Y. J.

Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, H. F. Liu, and A. Nirmalathas, Electron. Lett. 37, 581 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, Y. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, S. Kumar, L.-S. Yan, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Wang, M. Adler, and A. E. Willner, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '05 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThR5.

Yan, L.-S.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, S. Kumar, L.-S. Yan, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Wang, M. Adler, and A. E. Willner, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '05 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThR5.

Yiannopoulos, K.

K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vyrsokinos, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Houbavlis, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, Y. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, S. Kumar, L.-S. Yan, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Wang, M. Adler, and A. E. Willner, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '05 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThR5.

Zhang, B.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, S. Kumar, L.-S. Yan, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Wang, M. Adler, and A. E. Willner, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '05 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThR5.

Zhang, L.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, S. Kumar, L.-S. Yan, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Wang, M. Adler, and A. E. Willner, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '05 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThR5.

Zhu, B.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, K. Demarest, C. Allen, and J. Hong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 518 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, H. F. Liu, and A. Nirmalathas, Electron. Lett. 37, 581 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEE Electronics Letters (1)

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, IEE Electronics Letters 34, 792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vyrsokinos, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Houbavlis, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 157 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, Y. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Hui, B. Zhu, K. Demarest, C. Allen, and J. Hong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 518 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Leaird, S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, A. Sugita, S. Kamei, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 221 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, Y. Takita, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, and H. G. Weber, in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '03 (Optical Society, 2003), paper PD16.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, S. Kumar, L.-S. Yan, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Wang, M. Adler, and A. E. Willner, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) '05 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThR5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Concept and experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulation results of waveforms for (a) the 80 GHz RZ pulse train after the first stage of PM fiber and (b) the 160 GHz CSRZ pulse train after the second stage of the PM fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulation results of optical spectra for (a) the 80 GHz RZ pulse train after the first stage of PM fiber and (b) the 160 GHz CSRZ pulse train after the second stage of the PM fiber.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured optical spectra for (a) the generated 80 GHz RZ pulse train at the first stage and (b) the generated 160 GHz CSRZ pulse train at the second stage. Insets, the corresponding autocorrelator measurements of the pulse trains.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E 1 = A 2 cos ( π 2 sin π t 2 T + ω t ) ,
E 2 = A 2 cos [ π 2 sin π ( t 2 T ) 2 T + ω t ] = A 2 cos ( π 2 sin π t 2 T + ω t ) .
E 3 = E 1 + E 2 2 A cos ( π 2 sin π t 2 T ) cos ( ω t ) .
E 4 A [ cos ( π 2 sin π t 2 T ) cos ( π 2 cos π t 2 T ) ] cos ( ω t ) ,

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